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PAGE1MAZINAIGANFALL2013PublishedbytheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionFall2013GatheringwiigwaaswithamasterTribespresentcasefornighthuntinfederaldistrictcourtBySueEricksonStaffWriterSeeNighthuntpage21MadisonWis.Afive-daytrialontribalnighthuntingofdeerinWisconsinscededterritoryconcludedonJuly26andthepartiesnowwaitforadecisionfromFederalJudgeBarbaraCrabb.SixWisconsinOjibwetribesareseekingrelieffroma1991judgmentbytheUSDistrictCourtWesternDistrictprohibitingnighthuntingofdeerundertreatyinthecededterritories.ThedecisioncalledLCOVIIresultedfromtheDeerTrialwhichdecidedthescopeoftheoff-reservationtreatydeerharvest.Todaythetribesarguethatcircumstanceshavesignifi-cantlychangedsotheCourtshouldbeabletorevisitthenighthuntingissueandaltertheoriginaljudgment.InherpretrialbrieftotheCourtthetribesleadattorneyColetteRoutelclaimstheStatesimplementationofnighthuntinginthechronicwastingdiseaseCWDeradicationprogramstartingin2002theinclusionofnighthuntinginthe2012-2013wolfhuntandallowingnuisancedeertobeshotatnightallprovidedsig-nificantchangesfromthecircumstancesexistingin1991whentherewaslittleornonighthuntingallowed.AccordingtoRoutelthesechangesindicatetheStatebelievestherearesafemeansofshootingdeerorotheranimalswithhighpowerweaponsatnight.RoutelalsopointsoutthatnighthuntingisallowedinmanyotherstatesaswellasCanadasothepracticehasbeenacceptedelsewhereandisnotuniquetoWisconsin.Ahighpriorityforthetribesisthemitigationofsafetyrisks.ThetribesproposedregulationsfortreatynighthuntingexceedStaterequirementsforboththeCWDeradicationeffortwhichentailednighthuntingandthoseforthe2012wolfseason.Thetribesregulationsrequireamongotherthingsamarksmanshipratingatwo-dayadvancedhuntersafetycourseandthedevelopmentandsubmissionofashootingplan.HuntersafetyandmarksmanshipTheadvancedhuntersafetycoursewouldberequiredforallnighthunterseventhosewithmilitaryorlawenforcementexperienceorothercertifications.Itwouldentail12hoursoftrainingintheclassroomandwouldrequirememberstopassamarksmanshiptestatnight.ShootingplansThetribalrequirementforadetailedshootingplanfortribalnighthuntingofdeeroff-reservationalsomitigatesrisk.Ashootingplanisrequiredforallareaswhereshootingtakesplace.OntheshootingplanthehuntermustindicateThestationarypositionfromwhichthehunterwillfire.Allpotentiallydangerousareaswherethepublicmaybepresentlikepicnicareasskiorhikingtrailswithinamileoftheshootingsite.Asafezoneoffirethatavoidspotentiallydangerousareas.Thedirectionoftheshot.Anadequatebackstopwithin125yardsfromthehuntersstationaryposition.Iftheplannedshotislessthan50yardsandtheshooteriselevatedatleast10feettheplanmustbesubmittedtogetapermitbutnotpreapproved.Allotherplansmustbepreapproved.OnedaytimevisittotheproposedshootingsitefromthedayafterLaborDaytocloseoftheseasonisalsorequired.OtherProvisionsTheregulationsrequirehunterstousealighttoilluminatetheirtargetandtheirbackstop.ThenighthuntingseasondateshavebeendesignedtobeculturallyColetteRoutel.PhotosubmittedMarengoWis.Itsoneofhottestdaysofsummer.MarvinDeFoesitsonthetailgateofapick-uptrucksharpen-ingabladeshapedlikemigizisbeak.Awildnestoftwinethekindfarmersusetobindsquarehaybalesistangledupnexttohim.Ninety-eightpercentofthetimewhenIgetbarkitshotterthanheckhedeclarespausingtosipcoffeefromaplasticcolaglass.Usuallythatsthebesttimewhenitshot.Itllstartpopping.DeFoeagarrulousRedCliffelderisusingthissimmeringday-offawayfromteachingbirchbarkcanoecon-structionattheSt.CroixReservationtogatherextrawiigwaas.JacksonalocalhighschoolsophomoretagsalongwithDeFoetotheBrunsweillerRiverbot-toms.Itsmid-July.Theseasonislate.Everythingislatebyabouttwo-or-threeweeksthisyearsaysDeFoe.Mostyearsthesecond-halfofJuneisprimetimeforgatheringwiigwassarenewableresourcecentraltowatertransportationshelterandfoodstorageforold-timetraditionalOjibwe.ThisdayDeFoeisafterbasketbark.Hecallsforhisteenagehelpertograbalongaluminumextensionladderstowedinthepick-upandfollowhimdownafootpath.TheyoungguydoesallthehardworkyouknowthatDeFoeproclaims.Theboygruntsalternatelyreachingfortheladderandwavingatacloudofmosquitoes.DeFoepocketshishook-nosedbladeafewlengthsofunfurledtwineandtheyreoff.Itsabitnicerintheshadedwoodsbutthehumiditysetsinlikeablanket.AnyoneevercallyouActionJacksonDeFoeasksinducinganotheraffirmativegruntasthekidwrestlestheladderthroughasplinterydeadfall.Amercifullyshortwalkthroughmixedhardwoodsbalsamandspruceleadstoastandofashandbasswood.Thesuncatcheswhitecolumnsofbirchthroughthedeepgreenoftheriverbottom.Ilikethesewoods.Ilikeem.IvegotagoodfeelingDeFoesayspull-ingafoilpouchofpipetobaccofromhisbluejeans.HepraysinalowvoiceinAnishinaabemowinsprinklinglooseasemaaatthebaseofabirchtree.Hemakesthefirstshallowcutintotheouterbirchbarkonlythreefeetabovetheasemaaoffering.Thetreerespondsimmediately.Ho-wahDidyouhearthatpopHecraneshisneckeyeingJackson.Getthatladderoverhere.Soonafterthattelltalecrunch-popofripewiigwaasDeFoeisontheladdertocompletethecutfromaround12feetuphedrawsthebladestraightdownuntilintersectingtheoriginalopening.Thebarkburstsawayfromthetrunksplit-tingcleanlyalongverticalwoodgrainatbothendstocreateonelargesheet.Ithangsuponafewstickyspotsandisfreedwithafewflat-handedswipes.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterSeeWiigwaaspage7AfterplacingasemaaatthebaseofthebirchtreeMarvinDeFoeRedCliffmakeshisinitialcutintotheouterwiigwaas.PhotobyMelissaRasmussen