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PAGE7MAZINAIGANFALL2013WALKINGON2013POSTERTwopowerfulleadersinIndianCountrywalkonThankstothevisioninsightandperseveranceofleaderslikeBillHouleFondduLacandMargeAndersonMilleLacswhofoughttenaciouslyfortribaltreatyrightsaswellasforIndiangam-ingIndianCountryhasmovedforwardinthelastquartercenturybutittookthecommitmentwisdomandstrengthoftheseleaders.Sadlythesetwoearlywarriorshavewalkedoninrecentmonths.Weremem-bertheirleadershiptheirgoalsandac-complishmentsandsaychimiigwechthattheirlivestouchedoursandtheirvisionbroughtstrengthtotheircommunitiesandIndianCountryasawhole.AnacknowledgedleaderinthebattlefortherecognitionoftreatyrightsandtribalsovereigntyformerMilleLacsChiefExecutiveMargeAndersonpassedonJune29fromnaturalcauses.Followingthe1991passingofthenChiefExecutiveArthurGahbowAn-dersonwasappointedtothepositionofChiefExecutiveandthenelectedin1992.SheservedtwomoresubsequenttermsasChiefExecutivebeginning1996and2008andwasthefirstwomantoleadatribeinMinnesota.FluentinthelanguageAndersonwasconsideredanauthorityonOjibwetraditionsandculture.HeryearsofservicetotheMilleLacsBandandtoIndianCountrysawvastchangeswiththesuccessfulestablishmentofIndiangamingandtheaffirmationandimple-mentationofthe1837Treatyrights.Shewaspresentandparticipatedinceremo-niespriortothe1998hearingabouttheMilleLacsBands1837TreatyrightsbeforetheUSSupremeCourtofAppealsinWashingtonDC.Astrongproponentoftribalself-governanceAndersonwasatirelessad-vocatefortribalrightsandsocialjusticeandsucceededinbuildingsubstantialsocialprogramsforthetribe.FormerFondduLacChairmanandoneofGLIFWCsfoundersWilliamBillHouleaveteranwhowasintheU.S.NavyforsixyearsservingduringtheKoreanWarwalkedonSundayJune30attheageof81.WithagoaltoalleviatepovertyonthereservationHouleservedhistribeaschairmanfrom1974to1988usher-inginboththeeraofIndiangamingandtheexerciseoftreatyrightsforhistribe.HealsoservedastheBrookstonDistrictrepresentativeforthebandfrom1968to1974.DeeplyinvolvedwiththeJohnsonOMalleyCommitteehepur-suedimprovededucationopportunitiesfortribalmembers.HerepresentedFondduLaconGLIFWCsBoardofCommissionersfrom1984to1987sowasasignificantcontributorduringGLIFWCsforma-tiveyears.Healsotookaleadintheforma-tionofthefirstoff-reservationtribalcasinoFond-du-LuthCasinoDuluthMinnesotaandfoundedandchairedtheNationalIndianGamingAssociation.BySueEricksonStaffWriterMargeAnderson.BillHoule.Thebarksinner-sideisthecoloroffinishedbuckskinandslightlywet.DeFoemovesinclosetoexaminethesheet.Iliketolookatthebacksidelikethisandseethedesignsithasonit.Seethisherehesaysrunninghisfingeralongamyriadofthreadedpatterns.Aheadatail.Seelookatthis.YouknowwhatitisThunderbird.Itsathunderbird.Thekidcracksasmileandnodsastheimageregisters.Somebarklikethishaseyes.Eyeballs.Lenticelsscientistscallthem.IjustcallthemeyesDeFoeexplains.Thenthebarkgrowsback.Youcomebackinsevenoreightyearsthenitre-allyhasdesignsonitBeforemovingontothenexttreetheyhavethewiigwasssheetflatonthegroundandrollitlikeasleepingbag.DeFoeloopsbindertwinearoundtherolledbarkinstallingapairofhalf-hitchknotsthatcreatesahandlefortransportationoutofwoods.Thepairmovefartherintothewoods.Mosquitoswarmsarefading.TheystopforadrinkofnibiwhenDeFoespotsaseriesofverticalscratchesonamid-sizebirch.Therewasabearrighthere.SeethatThesebearslikebirchtreesIseethisallthetime.Theyllcomeandtheyllmarkittoshowoffhowtalltheyare.Itslikesayingthisismyarea.DeFoeiswalkingagainaimingforaclusterofwhitebirchthatangletotheforestcanopy.Wide-eyedhisyounghelperalreadyhastheladderandquicklycatchesup.AnybodyevercallyouActionJacksonContinuedfrompage1WiigwaasDeFoepointsoutfeatureslikeeyesthatappearontheinsideofharvestedwiigwaas.Botanistscallthesewiigwaaseyeslenticelstheyactasanair-exchangeportthatallowsforthemovementofgasesbetweentheinnertissuesofthetreeandopenair.Lenticelsaremoreprevalentinwettersoilsorsoilswithlowoxygencontent.PhotobyMelissaRasmussenGanawenimGimaamaayinaanTakecareofourMotherGLIFWCs2013posterentitledGanawenimGimaamaayinaanTakecareofourMotherrepresentsourresponsibilitytocarefortheearththewaterandourco-inhabitantsontheearthallspecies.Thisresponsibilityreliesonanacknowledgementofourdependenceonthegiftsofthenaturalworldforlife.MiigwechtoartistWesleyBallingerforsharinghisvision.Aboverepresentsasegmentofthe18x24posterwhichcanbeor-deredthroughGLIFWCswebsitehttpwww.glifwc.orgpublicationsindex.htmlPostersorwriteGLIFWCPOBox9OdanahWI54861.Oneposterisavailablefreeofchargeadditionalpostersare2.50eachplus1.25postage.