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PAGE1MAZINAIGANFALL2013PublishedbytheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionFall2013GatheringwiigwaaswithamasterTribespresentcasefornighthuntinfederaldistrictcourtBySueEricksonStaffWriterSeeNighthuntpage21MadisonWis.Afive-daytrialontribalnighthuntingofdeerinWisconsinscededterritoryconcludedonJuly26andthepartiesnowwaitforadecisionfromFederalJudgeBarbaraCrabb.SixWisconsinOjibwetribesareseekingrelieffroma1991judgmentbytheUSDistrictCourtWesternDistrictprohibitingnighthuntingofdeerundertreatyinthecededterritories.ThedecisioncalledLCOVIIresultedfromtheDeerTrialwhichdecidedthescopeoftheoff-reservationtreatydeerharvest.Todaythetribesarguethatcircumstanceshavesignifi-cantlychangedsotheCourtshouldbeabletorevisitthenighthuntingissueandaltertheoriginaljudgment.InherpretrialbrieftotheCourtthetribesleadattorneyColetteRoutelclaimstheStatesimplementationofnighthuntinginthechronicwastingdiseaseCWDeradicationprogramstartingin2002theinclusionofnighthuntinginthe2012-2013wolfhuntandallowingnuisancedeertobeshotatnightallprovidedsig-nificantchangesfromthecircumstancesexistingin1991whentherewaslittleornonighthuntingallowed.AccordingtoRoutelthesechangesindicatetheStatebelievestherearesafemeansofshootingdeerorotheranimalswithhighpowerweaponsatnight.RoutelalsopointsoutthatnighthuntingisallowedinmanyotherstatesaswellasCanadasothepracticehasbeenacceptedelsewhereandisnotuniquetoWisconsin.Ahighpriorityforthetribesisthemitigationofsafetyrisks.ThetribesproposedregulationsfortreatynighthuntingexceedStaterequirementsforboththeCWDeradicationeffortwhichentailednighthuntingandthoseforthe2012wolfseason.Thetribesregulationsrequireamongotherthingsamarksmanshipratingatwo-dayadvancedhuntersafetycourseandthedevelopmentandsubmissionofashootingplan.HuntersafetyandmarksmanshipTheadvancedhuntersafetycoursewouldberequiredforallnighthunterseventhosewithmilitaryorlawenforcementexperienceorothercertifications.Itwouldentail12hoursoftrainingintheclassroomandwouldrequirememberstopassamarksmanshiptestatnight.ShootingplansThetribalrequirementforadetailedshootingplanfortribalnighthuntingofdeeroff-reservationalsomitigatesrisk.Ashootingplanisrequiredforallareaswhereshootingtakesplace.OntheshootingplanthehuntermustindicateThestationarypositionfromwhichthehunterwillfire.Allpotentiallydangerousareaswherethepublicmaybepresentlikepicnicareasskiorhikingtrailswithinamileoftheshootingsite.Asafezoneoffirethatavoidspotentiallydangerousareas.Thedirectionoftheshot.Anadequatebackstopwithin125yardsfromthehuntersstationaryposition.Iftheplannedshotislessthan50yardsandtheshooteriselevatedatleast10feettheplanmustbesubmittedtogetapermitbutnotpreapproved.Allotherplansmustbepreapproved.OnedaytimevisittotheproposedshootingsitefromthedayafterLaborDaytocloseoftheseasonisalsorequired.OtherProvisionsTheregulationsrequirehunterstousealighttoilluminatetheirtargetandtheirbackstop.ThenighthuntingseasondateshavebeendesignedtobeculturallyColetteRoutel.PhotosubmittedMarengoWis.Itsoneofhottestdaysofsummer.MarvinDeFoesitsonthetailgateofapick-uptrucksharpen-ingabladeshapedlikemigizisbeak.Awildnestoftwinethekindfarmersusetobindsquarehaybalesistangledupnexttohim.Ninety-eightpercentofthetimewhenIgetbarkitshotterthanheckhedeclarespausingtosipcoffeefromaplasticcolaglass.Usuallythatsthebesttimewhenitshot.Itllstartpopping.DeFoeagarrulousRedCliffelderisusingthissimmeringday-offawayfromteachingbirchbarkcanoecon-structionattheSt.CroixReservationtogatherextrawiigwaas.JacksonalocalhighschoolsophomoretagsalongwithDeFoetotheBrunsweillerRiverbot-toms.Itsmid-July.Theseasonislate.Everythingislatebyabouttwo-or-threeweeksthisyearsaysDeFoe.Mostyearsthesecond-halfofJuneisprimetimeforgatheringwiigwassarenewableresourcecentraltowatertransportationshelterandfoodstorageforold-timetraditionalOjibwe.ThisdayDeFoeisafterbasketbark.Hecallsforhisteenagehelpertograbalongaluminumextensionladderstowedinthepick-upandfollowhimdownafootpath.TheyoungguydoesallthehardworkyouknowthatDeFoeproclaims.Theboygruntsalternatelyreachingfortheladderandwavingatacloudofmosquitoes.DeFoepocketshishook-nosedbladeafewlengthsofunfurledtwineandtheyreoff.Itsabitnicerintheshadedwoodsbutthehumiditysetsinlikeablanket.AnyoneevercallyouActionJacksonDeFoeasksinducinganotheraffirmativegruntasthekidwrestlestheladderthroughasplinterydeadfall.Amercifullyshortwalkthroughmixedhardwoodsbalsamandspruceleadstoastandofashandbasswood.Thesuncatcheswhitecolumnsofbirchthroughthedeepgreenoftheriverbottom.Ilikethesewoods.Ilikeem.IvegotagoodfeelingDeFoesayspull-ingafoilpouchofpipetobaccofromhisbluejeans.HepraysinalowvoiceinAnishinaabemowinsprinklinglooseasemaaatthebaseofabirchtree.Hemakesthefirstshallowcutintotheouterbirchbarkonlythreefeetabovetheasemaaoffering.Thetreerespondsimmediately.Ho-wahDidyouhearthatpopHecraneshisneckeyeingJackson.Getthatladderoverhere.Soonafterthattelltalecrunch-popofripewiigwaasDeFoeisontheladdertocompletethecutfromaround12feetuphedrawsthebladestraightdownuntilintersectingtheoriginalopening.Thebarkburstsawayfromthetrunksplit-tingcleanlyalongverticalwoodgrainatbothendstocreateonelargesheet.Ithangsuponafewstickyspotsandisfreedwithafewflat-handedswipes.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterSeeWiigwaaspage7AfterplacingasemaaatthebaseofthebirchtreeMarvinDeFoeRedCliffmakeshisinitialcutintotheouterwiigwaas.PhotobyMelissaRasmussen MAZINAIGANPAGE2FALL2013Patiencemaybethekeyto2013ricingseasonHarvestmaybealittlelateMANOOMINMOOSEOnthecoverTraditionalOjibwepointed-toemakizinanbyLacduFlambeauartistBiskakoneJohnson.ApatternforthisstylemakizinappearedintheSpring2008editionofMazinaiganandisavailableinthe2008on-lineedition.SeeGLIFWCswebsiteatwww.glifwc.org.AlimitednumberofpatternsarealsoavailablefromthePublicInformationOfceatlynnglifwc.org.ByLisaDavidGLIFWCManoominBiologistOdanahWis.Manoominike-giizisAugustthericingmoonhasarrived.Atpresstimewestillarentcertainhowthe2013ricingseasonwillplayoutaswepatientlywaitfortheplantstoflowerhopingforaproductiveseasonforall.Sincethebanneryearin2009Wisconsinhasexperiencedaseriesofbelowaveragericingyearswhichrequiredmoreconcertedscoutingeffortstofindpickablebeds.Thatmaybethecasethisyeartoobutthenextfewweekswillbetelling.Wearefindingriceatsomelocationsbutarealsonotingthelackofriceorverysparsebedstoo.Thismaybetheresultofthelongwinterandlateice-outwhichpossiblydelayedseedgermination.Despitethelatespringandaccompanyinghighwateritseemslikethericecropoutthereistryingtocatchupmeaningthedevelopmentseemsalittledelayedfrompreviousyears.Sothemanoomincropmaybelatethisyear.Beawarethatpeoplewhotrytoharvesttooearlyintheseasonbeforetheplantshavefullymaturedwillundoubt-edlydopoorlyandmaypotentiallyreducethericingopportunityforotherslaterintheseason.Ifthehullsarestillemptyinyourfavoritericebeddontassumeitisjustghostricethehullsmayjustneedmoretimetofillin.Patienceiskeythisricingseason.Pickerswillhavetobecertainthericehullsarefullyfilledinbeforeknocking.BesuretocheckGLIFWCswebsitehttpdata.glifwc.orgmanoomin.harvest.infoforupdatesonthestatusofriceinthecededterritory.Thesiteisdesignedtoaidharvestersintheirsearchforpickablemanoominbeds.Youwillfindabriefdescriptionofspecificbedswhetherdenseorsparsegoodorpooraswellaslinkstoaerialphotosofricewatersweflewoverthisyear.Remembercertainwatersinthecededterritoryaredate-regulatedmeaningthatthericechiefsworkingwiththestateDNRwilldeterminetheopeningdateofthatparticularwater.Itisillegaltoharvestriceonadate-regulatedwaterbodybeforeithasbeenpostedasopen.Updatestothewebsitewillbemadethroughouttheseasontoletyouknowtheopeningdatesofthedate-regulatedwatersaswell.Thisyearthemanoominmayfollowthecourseoftheodeiminstrawberryandthemiinanblueberrybyofferingusacropbutalittlelaterthanwevebe-comeaccustomedto.Happyharvesting.Manoomin.PhotobyWesleyBallingerMichiganMinnesotamooseresearchdetailsdownwardtrendLimitedharvestaheadin1854territoryOdanahWis.Asmoosepopulationgrowthinthenortherncededterritorysputtersoroutrightbottomsoutwildlifemanagersaretakingaconservativeapproachtofuturehuntingseasons.WhiletheproposedMichiganmoosehuntremainsonholdfor2013tribalauthoritiesinMinnesotaplantoissuealimitednumberofharvesttagstohelpmeetdietaryneedsofOjibwecommunities.LastJulytheFondduLacBandannouncedabulls-onlytreatyhuntthatcapsharvestatamaximumof25moose.TheseasonrunsSeptember21toDecember31.The1854TreatyAuthorityrepresentingBoisForteandGrandPortagebandsisreviewingcommentssubmittedbycommunitymembersbeforemakingafinaldecisiononissuingmooseharvesttags.Minnesotaofficialssuspendedmooseharvestsbystate-licensedhuntersin2012.AfterlearningthatFondduLacplannedtoissuecededterritorymoosetagsthisfalltheDepartmentofNaturalResourcesraisedobjectionsandcalledontriballeaderstoreversecourse.WintersurveyresultsMoosepopulationsarelargelyclusteredintwolocationswithintheOjibwecededterritory.The1854cededterritoryofnortheastMinnesotacontainsthelarg-estandperhapsmostproblematicherdintheUnitedStates.MoosecorerangeinUpperMichiganoccupiesaregionspreadacrossthewest-centralportionofthepeninsula.ResearchersinbothstatesroutinelyconductsurveysinJanuarywhenadequatesnowcoverismostpromisingakeyfactorforspottingmoosefromtheair.InMichiganmoosegrowthratesslowedtoabouttwo-percentbetween2009-2013.Overthepreviousdecademoosenumbersclickedalongataneight-to-ninepercentincrease.ItsflattenedoutquiteabitsaidDeanBeyerMichiganDepartmentofNaturalResourcesresearchbiologist.Werecommendnoharvestatthistime.The2011surveyresultedinanestimatedcorerangepopulationofaround430moosecomparedtoapproximately450thisyear.Michiganofficialsconductcomprehensivemoosepopulationassessmentseverytwoyears.BeyersaidthatthelackofearlyJanuarysnowcovercompelledstateofficialstoscrambletwoaircraftfromLowerMichigantocompletethesurveywork.Despitemodestsurveyreturnssomeobservershavecalledforformalizingahuntingseasonsooncitingarecord16moosevehiclecollisionsin2012.MichiganStatelegislatorsenactedPublicAct366of2010tomovealongestablishmentofthefirstmooseseasonsincethe1880s.Collisionsoccurforvariousreasons.WeseeanumberoftheminmostyearssaidBeyer.Butversusadetailedstudyitsacrudeindexofpopulationtrend.AcrosswesternGichigamiintonortheastMinnesotainteragencywildlifemanagerscompletedtheirownannualwintersurveyreportingaone-year35ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterMoosenumbersarenear-atordeclininginthecededterritory.PhotosubmittedSeeMoosepage21 PAGE3MAZINAIGANFALL2013TRIBALCHAIRNEWSJACKSONHONOREDLacCourteOreillesReservationWis.BringingthePipebackintotheTribalCouncilsmeetingswasthefirstorderofbusinessforthenewlyelectedLacCourteOreillesTribalChairmanMicIshamduringaninaugurationceremonyJuly2attheLCOConventionCenter.AlsoelectedtoofficeswereRustyBarberasvice-chairmanandNormaRossassecretary-treasurer.IshamalsoservesastheGLIFWCBoardofCommissionersChairmanandhasbeenastaunchandsteadyadvocatefortreatyrightsandtribalsovereigntythroughtheyears.CreditingmanyelderswhohelpedpavehispathtowardstheLCOchairmanshipIshamalsoacknowledgedLCOtribalmembersMikeandFredTribblewhoseactionssparkedtheVoigtlitigationandresultedintheaffirmationofoff-reservationtreatyrightsinthe1837and1842Treatycededterritories.InhisremarkstoapackedconventioncenterIshamannouncedthathisfirstpriorityistoprotectsovereigntyandourtreatyrightsforthenextsevengenera-tionswhileacknowledgingthetriballeadersof1983whokeptthetribesunifiedandformedGLIFWC.AlsoservingontheLCOTribalCouncilareGordonThayerDonCarleyGaryClauseandLarryKagigebi.IshamtakesoathasLCOsnewchairmanBySueEricksonStaffWriterLacCourteOreillesnewtribalchairmanMicIshamtakestheoathofofceduringaninauguraleventonJuly2.PhotobySueEricksonRobertJacksoncenter-leftentersretirementwiththerespectofGLIFWCmemberbandsandmanyothertribesintheMidwest.JacksonabiologistandskilledorganizerreceivedajointresolutionreprintedbelowfromtheGLIFWCBoardofCommissionersandVoigtIntertribalTaskForceVITFduringthe21stPartnersinFishingeventatLacduFlambeauonJune5.IntheresolutionGLIFWCofcialsexpressedsincereandlastinggratitudeandappreciationtoBobJacksonforhisyearsofserviceandcommendhimforhisleadershipinandcommitmenttotheprotectionandimplementationofcededterritorytreaty-reservedhuntingshingandgatheringrights.Sincethelate1980shehasbeenatthevanguardofsuccessfultribalnaturalresourcesprogramsincludingCastingLightUpontheWatersandCircleofFlight.JacksonsBIAcareerbeganduringaperiodofturmoilwhenOjibwepeoplewereharanguedatspringboatlandingsandinthemediaforexercisingreservedtreatyrightslikewalleyespearshing.ThroughtheCastingLightinitiativebiologistsfromfederalagenciesGLIFWCStateofWisconsinandseveraltribesannuallyworktogethertosurveywalleyepopulationshelpingensuresustainablepopulationsforallusers.PicturedfromleftTomMaulsonVITFChairmanBobJacksonMicIshamGLIFWCBoardChairmanandGLIFWCExecutiveAdministratorJimZorn.PhotobyCharlieOttoRasmussenJointresolutioninrecognitionofRobertJacksonWHEREASRobertBobJacksonalongtimeemployeeoftheBureauofIndianAffairshasdemonstratedanenduringcommitmenttoandunder-standingoftribalsovereigntyandtheUnitedStatestrustandtreatyobligationstotheGreatLakesIndianFishandWildlifeCommis-sionsmembertribesandWHEREASBobJacksonhasworkedtirelesslytohonorandfulfillthoseobliga-tionsbyprotectingandfurtheringthesovereigntyoftheCommis-sionsmembertribesandhelpingthemensurethattheirtreatyrightsarefullyimplementedandWHEREASBobJacksonhasworkedtobuildtheTribesnaturalresourceman-agementcapacitynecessarytoenabletheexerciseoftreatyrightsinthetruespiritofself-determinationandself-governanceandWHEREASBobJacksonhasengenderedcooperationcollaborationandpartner-shipsamongstatefederalandtribalgovernmentsinfurtheranceofco-managementactivitiesandtheprotectionofAkiandWHEREASBobJacksonscommitmenttotheCommissionitsmembertribesandtheirnaturalresourceprioritieshashelpedensurethatpresentandfuturegenerationswillbeabletomeaningfullyexercisetheircededterritoryrightsandthattreatyresourcesareabundantandhealthy.NOWTHEREFOREBEITRESOLVEDthattheGreatLakesIndianFishandWildlifeCommissionsBoardofCommissionersandVoigtIntertribalTaskForceexpresstheirsincereandlastinggratitudeandapprecia-tiontoBobJacksonforhisyearsofserviceandcommendhimforhisleadershipinandcommitmenttotheprotectionandimplementa-tionofcededterritorytreaty-reservedhuntingfishingandgatheringrights.BEITFURTHERRESOLVEDthattheBoardofCommissionersandtheVoigtIntertribalTaskextendtheircongratulationstoBobJacksonontheoccasionofhisretirementfromtheBureauofIndianAffairsandwishhimfulfillmentinhisfutureendeavors.TribesrecognizeJacksonsyearsofserviceOdanahWis.BadRiverTribalChairMikeWigginswasrecentlyawardedtheLakeSuperiorBinationalForumsEnvironmentalStewardshipAwardinthecategoryofU.S.Adult.WigginsreceivedhisawardataspecialceremonyheldJuly13attheBigTopChautauquanearBayfieldWisconsin.Mr.WigginsrepresentsthebestinsustainablepracticesbyanadultinstewardingthehealthofLakeSuperiorthispastyearsaidLissaRadkecoordi-natoroftheLakeSuperiorBinationalForumheadquarteredattheSigurdOlsonEnvironmentalInstituteatNorthlandCollegeinAshlandWis.WigginsreceivedhighmarksfromjudgesinthecategoryofU.S.adultforhiscollaborativerelationshipswithtribalandnontribalindividualsandgroupsacrossWisconsintotryandprotectthehighqualityofwateronandoffreserva-tionRadkesaid.MikesroleaschampionforLakeSuperiortheKakagonandBadRiverSloughsandtheriversandstreamsoftheBadRiverWatershedinspiredmanypeopleacrossWisconsintobecomeactiveinwaterissuesandactionsRadkesaid.Wigginshasbeenawell-knownvoiceandbridge-builderinhisoppositiontoaproposedtaconitemineinthePenokeeMountainslocatedoff-reservationbutupstreamfromtheBadRiverBandoftheLakeSuperiorTribeofChippewaIndiansreservation.MikehelpeddevelopcollaborativerelationshipswithtribalandnontribalindividualsandgroupsacrossWisconsintotrytoprotectthehighqualityofwateronandoffreservationRadkesaidofthejudgescomments.LakeSuperiorBinationalForumpressreleaseBadRiverTribalChairmanWigginsReceivesBinationalAwardforProtectingWater MAZINAIGANPAGE4FALL2013GLIFWCfsheriestechnicianNoahArbucklemarksaLakeMilleLacsspawningnorthernpikewithafn-punch.PhotobyEdWhiteINLANDFISHERIESOdanahWis.WhenwinterfinallyreleaseditsicygriponWisconsincededterritorylakeswalleyesraceduptowardstheprimespawningareasandGLIFWCsurveycrewswerenotfarbehind.Alateice-outin2013createdacondensedsur-veyseasonforGLIFWCandpartnersfromMoleLakeSt.CroixUSFWSandWDNR.Whentheicegoesoutlatethewalleyespawningperiodisshorterleav-inglesstimeforcrewstocompletepopulationestimates.Mark-recapturesurveysareconductedduringthespawningperiodwithfykenettingandelectrofishinggearandprovideestimatesofadultwalleyeabundance.In2013GLIFWCandpartnerswereabletocompleteestimateson18lakesintheWisconsincededter-ritoryincludingeightlong-termstudylakes.Asinmostyearscrewsencounteredawidevarietyofweatherconditionsrangingfromblindingsnowsquallstowarmspringthundershowers.Crewssur-veyedpopulationswithwiderangingadultdensitieswithsomepopulationsfoundtobequitehealthywhileotherswereweak.Tribalandstatebiologistswillmeetinmid-Augusttoevaluatethesurveyresults.Meanwhileinthe1837cededterritoryofMinnesotaGLIFWCUSFWSFondduLacandMNDNRwerecooperatingtocompletewalleyeandnorthernpikepopulationestimateson132500acreMilleLacsLake.Northernpikenettingstartedwellbeforeice-outinconnectedtributariesandcrewscombinedtotagover5000pike.Whentheicefinallystartedtoloosenaroundtheshorelinescrewsimmediatelybegantoelectrofishandfykenetforwalleye.Nearly7000walleyeweretaggedoverthecourseoflessthanaweek.JustasitwasinWisconsinthespawningperiodwasquitecondensedonMilleLacsLake.Shortlyafterthemarkingphaseendedandthewalleyeandnorthernpikehadachancetomixinthemainlakebasinandthenrecaptureeffortsbegan.Crewssetshort-termgillnetsoverafour-weekperiodandexaminedover3000walleyeand1000northernpikeformarks.BiologistsmetinearlyAugusttoexaminetheresultsofthesurveyandevaluatethenorthernpikeandwalleyepopulations.OdanahWis.WhenMinne-sotaDepartmentofNaturalResourcesMNDNRandGLIFWCbiologistsrantheirstockassessmentmodelsinordertodeterminetheharvestablesurpluslevelforthelakein2013theresultswerenotveryencouraging.Thepopulationmod-elsagreetheMilleLacsLakewalleyepopulationisatornearitslowestlevelsince1983.Theseresultswereconsis-tentwiththosefoundintheMNDNRfallgillnettingsurveywhichcaughtthelowestnumberofwalleyespernetliftinthelast40years.BiologistsareseekinganswersastowhythewalleyepopulationisindeclinesincerecentharvestsbytheStateandtheTribeshavebeenwellwithintheharvestablesurplussetat24ofthebiomassofwalleyeover14inches.Thecomplexlakeecosystemhasundergoneseveralchangesinthepastfewyearsandsinceeachpartofthesystemisin-terconnectedthecumulativeimpactsofthesechangesmaybelargerthaneachindividualchangewouldbeonitsown.SeveralaquaticinvasivespecieshavecolonizedMilleLacsLakeinclud-ingzebramusselsspinywaterfleasEurasianwatermilfoilandChinesemysterysnail.Ofthesezebramusselsandspinywaterfleasappeartobemostlikelytohaveamajorimpactonthefoodchainthatwalleyesdependonforsurvival.Zebramusselshavereachedadensityofover1200persquareme-terandfilternutrientsfromthewatercolumn.Spinywaterfleasareknownpredatorsofsmallerzooplanktonthatalsocomprisethebulkofthedietformanylarvalfishinthepelagicoropenwaterzoneofthelake.MilleLacsLakealsocurrentlycontainsalargenumberofpredatorfishotherthanwalleyes.Smallmouthbassnorthernpikeandmuskellungenumbersareatorneartheirall-timehighs.Asaresulttheforagebasehasbeenlowinrecentyearsandwalleyeofagivenlengthareweighinglessthaninthepast.Additionallydespitegoodnaturalreproductionandsurvivalofwalleyetotheirfirstfallrecruitmenttotheadultpopulationhasbeenlowinrecentyears.Biologistsandmanagersaretakingamulti-facetedapproachtobringthewalleyepopulationbacktomorenormalhistoriclevels.Firstforthe2013fishingyeartheStateandtheTribesagreedtosettheharvestablesurplusat250000whichisexactlyhalfoftheharvestablesurplusfor2012.Thisincludesaquotareductionforbothfisheries.TheTribesdidnottaketheirfullallocationinspring2013harvesting15138lbs.outofthequotaof71250lbs.StateharvestasofJune30was70904lbs.outofaquotaof178750lbs.Inadditiontothereducedharvestlevelsbothfisherieschangedregulationstoprotectsomeofthelessabundantsmallwalleyes.Thestateanglingregulationfor2013allowstheharvestoftwowalleyesperdaybuttheymustbebetween18and20inches.TheTribesremovedtheirspearingsizelimitinitiallyinplacetoprotectlargerfemalewalleyesthepre-viousspearingsizelimitwasonefishperpermitofanysizeandonebetween20and24inches.TheStateandTribesalsoagreedtoattempttoreducethenorthernpikepopulationbyincreasingthenorthernpikecapsharedequallybetweenbothfisheriesfrom30000lbs.in2012to50000lbs.in2013.Northernpikemayeatyoungwalleyeandcompetewitholderwalleyeforavailableforage.AdditionallytheStatesmallmouthbassregulationshavebeenrelaxed.Biologistsarealsoundertakingavarietyofstudiestoincreaseunder-standingofthewalleyepopulationandevaluatefuturemanagementoptions.Inspringof2013MNDNRFondduLacUSFWSandGLIFWCfieldcrewsundertookmark-recapturepopulationestimatestudiestomeasuretheabun-danceofwalleyeandnorthernpikeinMilleLacsLake.Thesestudieswillbeusedtoanchorthepopulationmodelsandimproveunderstandingofthefallgillnetassessmentresultsconductedyearly.Additionallybiologistsarecon-ductingananalysisoflong-termtrade-offsbetweenyieldandspawnerbiomassunderavarietyofmanagementoptions.Modelprojectionsarebeingruntoex-amineoutcomesofregulationsoptionsintheshortandlong-term.Studiesareongoingtoevaluateanglingspear-ingandnettingharvestpatternsandtheircombinedimpactsonthewalleyepopulation.Finallyasuspendedgillnetstudyisbeingconductedinconjunctionwiththeregularfallassessmentstotestwhetherwalleyearemovinghigherinthewatercolumnduringtheassessmentinsomeyears.MilleLacsLakewalleyenumberslowbiologistsseeksolutionsByMarkLuehringGLIFWCInlandFisheriesBiologistGarrisonMinn.FisheriesbiologistsareanalyzingdatacollectedfromspawningnorthernpikeatLakeMilleLacs.Alongwithanongoingwalleyestudythatrunsintoautumnthepikemark-and-recapturesurveyispartofabroadefforttogetabetterhandleontheoverallfishery.ConductingthenorthernpikeassessmentinconjunctionwiththewalleyeassessmenthelpsusunderstandmoreaboutthepredatorbiomassinthelakesaidMarkLuehringGLIFWCinlandfisheriesbiologist.Italsoprovidesananchorinourmodelfordeterminingoverallnorthernpikepopulationsizeandestablishingfutureharvestlevels.AsopenwateremergedlastspringfisheriesstafffromtheFondduLacTribeGLIFWCandDepartmentofNaturalResourcesinstalledfykenetswhereMilleLacstributarystreamsmeetthebiglakecapturingnorthernsheadeduprivertospawn.Techniciansdeterminedthesexofeachfishaswellasrecordedlengthbeforeapplyingamarktoeithertheanaldorsalorcaudilfinintheformofhole-punch.GLIFWCfisheriesstaffprimarilyworkednearthemouthsoftheRumRiverSe-guchieCreekGarrisonCreekandWhitefishCreekalongMilleLacswestshore.BeginninginlateMayandthroughJuneinteragencyfisherystaffbrieflysoakedgillnetsfrom22surveyzonesaroundthelakeinsearchoffishinclud-ingwalleyethathadbeenpunch-marked.Luehringsaidthatsuitablenumbersofnorthernswerenettedintherecapturephaseoftheassessmenttohelpresearchersestimatethelakewidepopulation.Northernpikeareamongtheearliestspawners.Theiradhesiveeggssticktosubmergedvegetationforaroundtwoweeksbeforehatching.Adultnorthernsarelargeaggressivefeedersandbiologistsarestudyinghowmuchimpacttheyhaveonwalleyenumbers.PikesurveykeyelementofMilleLacsassessmentByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterGLIFWCassessmentcrewssurvey18lakesinWisconsinMilleLacsLakeinMinnesotaByMarkLuehringGLIFWCInlandFisheriesBiologistEssentialOjibwemowinogaawalleye PAGE5MAZINAIGANFALL2013GREATLAKESFISHERYLakeSuperiorshfreshorsmokedlletsorwholeTribalfamilyshshopshaveitallBySueEricksonStaffWriterRedCliffWis.Twofamily-ownedandmanagedfishshopspromisegreateatstothosetravelingWisconsinsHighway13throughBayfieldandRedCliffNewagosFishMarketandPetersonsFisheries.BotharerunbyOjibwefishingfamilieswhohavefishedLakeSuperiorforgenerationsandoffergourmetoptionsforfishlovers.NewagosFishMarketgreetsfolkscomingnorthonHighway13toBayfield.SetonacurveattheentrancetotownthesmallredandwhiteshopismanagedbyCathyNewago.SheandherlatehusbandAlanaBadRivercommercialfishermanfirstopenedtheshopdoorstenyearsago.TodayhersonJoefish-ingonthetugJayJayCeeandgrandsonJoeJr.andbrotherJacobonthetugJeanMaurBsupplytheshopwithfishonadailybasisandgrandchildrenroutinelyhelpmantheshop.AnarrayofsmokedfishinfilletsorchunkswhitefishlaketroutorherringmakedelectablesnacksasdoCathyssmokedfishspreadswhicharealsoavailableinavarietyofspecialtyflavors.Ofcoursefresh-from-the-lakewhitefishlaketroutandherringorpack-agesofflashfrozenfishordelectablewhitefishliversareforsalesevendaysaweekthroughtheseason.NewagosFishShopisopenfromMothersDayweekendinMaythroughthefirstorsecondweekafterBayfieldsAppleFestivalweekendfrom1000a.m.to500p.m.andwillalsotakephoneorders.GoingnorthfromBayfieldafewmilesPetersonsFisheriessitsonaslighthillontheright-handsideofHighway13justbeforeyouentertheRedCliffcommunity.PetersonFisheriesgoesbackthroughmanygenerationsofRedClifffishermen.TheshopcurrentlyownedbyBrendaandShawnHansonwasfirstopenedbyShawnsgrandfatherWilfredPeterson.Carryingonthetradi-tionShawnbringshomethefishfromhistugTwoGuys.Currentlymanagedbytheirdaugh-terTashaHansonPetersonsFisheriesofferafullselectionofLakeSuperiorfishbothfreshandsmoked.TashapointsoutthatPetersonssmokedfishisoneofakindtobefoundnowhereelsebecausetheycontinuetouseanoriginalfamilyrecipepasseddownthroughgenerations.FreshsmokedfreshorfrozenPe-tersonshaveasteadysupplyofwhitefishlaketroutherringandchubsforsaleattheshoporbyorderandareopenfromspringthroughmid-October.HungryDontwanttocookPe-tersonsFisherieslatestadditionjustopenedinJulyisafishandchipsstandadjacenttotheshop.TheFishShackiswhereyoucangetatasteofSuperiorslaketroutorwhitefishfreshhotandreadyforyou.Openfrom1100a.m.to700p.m.WednesdaythroughSundayyoucaneitherenjoyitpicnicstyleonthepremisesortakeittogo.HelpingoutatNewagosFishShopinBayeldgranddaughterKarenThomaswaitsoncustomerswhilemanagerCathyNewagotakescareofotherbusinesslikemakingherspecialtyshspreads.SueEricksonRecentlyopenedtheFishShackfeaturesdelectablefriedshbasketssteamyhotandsuperfresh.MannedbyTashaHansonandBrittianyHansonthefoodstandislocatedadjacenttotheshshopandopenfromWednesday-Sunday1100a.m.to700p.m.PicturedarefromtheleftTashaHansonwithdaughterIiahnnaandBrittianyHansonwithnephewBraedyn.PhotobySueEricksonOnigamiinsingDuluthMinn.EveryfivetosixyearsfisheriesagenciesfromaroundGichigamiLakeSuperiorgathertoreportontheStateofLakeSupe-rior.ThesegatheringsorchestratedbytheGreatLakesFisheryCommissiongiveagenciestheopportunitytogaugehowthelakeisdoingcomparedtoestablishedFishCommunityObjectives.TheFishCommunityObjectivesformulatedbythesesamefisheriesagen-ciesareupdatedasneeded.Thecurrentobjectivesestablishedin2003httpglfc.orgpubsSpecialPubsSp03_1.pdfsetgoalsfornamegoslaketroutadikamegwhitefishgiigoohnzehnspreyspeciesandbimiiziisealampreyaswellasotherspecieswhicharesmallerplayersinthebiglakesuchasogaawalleyenamelakesturgeonnamekosbrooktroutandmaajaanamekosnon-nativesport-fishlikechinookcohosteelheadandbrowntrout.Thereisalsoahabitatobjectivewhichincludestargetsforphysicalhabitate.g.spawningnurseryandfeedingareasandlevelsofcontaminantsinfish.IfyousiftthroughallthepresentationsontheStateofLakeSuperioronethingisevidentLakeSuperiorisalaketroutlake.Inthenearshorewaterswhite-fishandciscoa.k.a.herringalongwithlaketroutareimportanttocommercialfisheries.Laketroutalongwithwalleyeandnon-nativesport-fisharetheprimarytargetsoftherecreationalfisheries.Inoffshorewatersor70ofthelakewhereverylittlefishingoccurssiscowetlaketroutorfattrouttosomearethedominantfishalongwiththeirpreysculpinkiyiandbloaterchub.Presentationscomparedchangesinthelakeduring2006-2011tothestateofthelakeduringthepreviousfiveyears2001-2005.Thesecomparisonsshowlaketroutwhitefishandciscopopulationstobelowerinsomeareasofthelakebutoverallpopulationsarestable.Thereisconcernoverlake-widedeclinesinprey-fishabundanceprimarilyciscoandrainbowsmeltandpoorrecruitmentforlaketroutwhitefishandciscorecruitmentisameasureofhowmanyyoungfishtherearethatcangrowandbecomeapartofthefisheries.Sealampreynumbersarelowerbutabovetargetandotherspeciesarestableorimproving.Inoffshorewaterssiscowetandtheirpreykiyibloatersculpinsarestablewithhighabundancesofsiscowetandlowabundanceofprey.LakeSuperiorisdominatedbynativefishthatareshowingsignsofdensitydependenceinotherwordsthenumbersoffishinthelakehavepeakedandthefuturewilllikelyseenumbersofpredatorsandpreythatfluctuateduetopreyavail-abilityandrecruitmentvariability.Thegoalistokeeppopulationsatsustainablelevelsthroughactiveandadaptivemanagementbyfisheryagencies.TheentireLakeSuperiorsessioncanbefoundathttpglfc.orglakecomvideo2013_upper.html.EnglishandOjibwenameslaketroutnamegosorchinamekossealampreybimiiziiwhitefishadikamigrainbowsmeltbiijimaagazehnsciscoa.k.a.herringkewisbrooktroutnamekoslakesturgeonnamewalleyeogaaLakeSuperiorGichigamismallfishgiigoohnzehnsFisherymanagersreviewstateofLakeSuperiorFindlaketroutpopulationdownbutstableByBillMattesGLIFWCGreatLakesBiologist MAZINAIGANPAGE6FALL2013NAMTRIBALHATCHERIESTribeHatcheryRearingComponentFryFgl.FryFgl.YellowPerchLakeSturgeonWhitefishBrookBrownRainbowTroutLakeTroutWhiteSuckerLakeHerringTotalBadRiver2400000391255588002850055GrandPortage15000025750050000457500KeweenawBay850000107684229950103953170LacCourteOreilles132000011511714700025000004082117LacduFlambeau13350000251046500016128400000017622174LacVieuxDesert16001600LeechLake108490504069146664911356390Menominee1000002200102200MoleLake31000003100000RedCliff30001539818398RedLake1000013500800031500SaultSte.Marie250000011170493617049St.Croix9522295222WhiteEarth18264256518731201938TOTALS34469050222059015200056558800322316166493393255010365000005000044489313WalleyeMuskellungeTribalhatcheriesreleaseover44millionfishintobothonoff-reservationwatersin2012OdanahWis.Whentheearthhadonlyonelandmassdinosaursroamedandtheonlymammalsweresmallrodentsnamwaglakesturgeonsswaminthewaters.Namwagareancientanimals.Todaymanynampopulationshavebeendecimatedworld-wide.InGichigamitheyarerecoveringfromyearsofabusebyhumansdur-ingthe19thand20thcenturies.OverharvestpollutedwateranddamswhichblockedaccesstospawninggroundsseverelyreducedtheirnumbersinalloftheGreatLakes.ThenampopulationinGichigamial-thoughreducedfromhistorictimesisstable.Juvenilefishcanbefoundfeedingoffrivermouthsandadultscanbefoundspawninginatleastsevenoftwenty-twohistoricsites.Theyareconsideredjuvenilefishuntiltheymatureandspawnforthefirsttime.Formalesthisisataboutage10to15andforfemalesage15to20.Thesamefishdonotspawneveryyear.Forfemalefishittakestimetoproduceupto40poundsofeggs.Theseeggsarepartofthereasonnamaresoughttheworldoverforcaviarmanytimestothedetrimentofthepopulationbecausewithouteggsbeinglaidtherearenoyoungfish.Juvenilenamhavesharpbonyplatesorscuteswhichcovermostoftheirbodyandprotectthemfrompredators.Astheyagethesharpnesswearsawaybutthehardbonyplatesremain.Namwagcanlivetobeover100yearsoldandbecausefishgrowtheirentirelivesoldnamwagcanbelargeoversevenfeetlongandover150pounds.Theygrowbyfeedingonthelakeorriverbottomus-ingsensorybarbelsandamouthwithlargethicklips.NamwagfeedmainlyonbottomdwellingcritterslikemolluskswormsandaquaticinsectlarvaealthoughtheywillfeedonsmallfishiftheopportunitypresentsitselfSurvivorsfromthestoneageLakesturgeonrecoverfromoverharvestByBillMattesGLIFWCGreatLakesSectionLeaderTotalnumberofoneorcombinationoftroutspeciesNamwaglooklikeonemightimagineashfrom100millionyearsagotolook.Bonyplatescovermostoftheirbodyfromashovellikenosetoaprimitivehetocercaltailn.Sharksalsohavethistypeoftailn.PhotobyA.FoxMaywizhawlongagotherewasatimewhenthewaterwasfreeflowingwithoutdamsordisturbanceoneverylakeriverandstream.Duringthattimethewaterwascleanbeautifulandsweettothetaste.ItwasthenthatthebeautifulNahmayorsturgeonwasconsideredtheChiefoftheFishClansfortheOjibweAnishinabepeopleparticularlythroughoutWisconsinMinnesotaandOntario.ThesturgeonwasalsocalledOgimahthekingofallfreshwaterfish.ThisnamehelpstoexplaintherelationshipthatAnishinabepeoplehavefortheirancientandsacredrelatives.Progressandtheencroachmentofcivilizationhavebroughtmanydamswhichblockandchangethenaturalmovementofthewaters.ThisfacthasalsoalteredthemigrationsofmanyspawningfishincludingthatoftheNahmay.EachyearintheearlyspringwhenboomingsoundsweremadebythemeltingandcrackingofthickiceonthelakestheAnishinabepeopleknewthatthewaterwouldsoonturnitselfover.ItwasduringthistimefromthemurkydarkwatersthatNahmaywouldsoonbegintomovearoundbecomingvisibleintheshallowspringwaters.DuringthemigrationupriverNahmaycouldbeseenswimmingsidebysideinnumberssogreatthattheriverslookedlikeasolidpurpleblueandblackmassfrombanktobank.ElderssaythatthesoundoftheirmovementwaslikeamurmurripplingacrossthewaterontothelandandthroughtreeslikealullabyintheAnishinabeway.Whentheicebegantobreakupthesturgeonwouldramtheirbacksandbelliesontheundersideoftheicechunksasitbeganfloatingfreelythroughthewater.SomeoftheyoungerandbraverAnishinabewouldjumpontoanicechunkinordertogetarideasitwasbeingpushedalongonthebackofabigNahmay.InthattimeoflongagoetchedinthememoriesofAnishinabeeldersthemagnificentsturgeonNahmaywasplayfulwiththehumanbeings.MyfatherAwkewaynzeejingoGezhikalsoknownasJoeBentonandothersoftheLacCourteOreillesReserveofWisconsinrecalledridingonthebackofasturgeon.ThatshowbigtheywereontheNamekagonandFlambeauRiversatonetime...hewouldsaysadly.Todaytherearenolongermanysturgeonintheserivers.Historicallythelumberindustryfirsttooktheirfreedomduringhugelogdriveswhengreatpinelogswerefloateddownstreamtosawmillsinordertobecutsawnanddressedforlumber.Thelumberindustrybroughtmanyhomesfactoriesbarnsandschoolsallinthenameofcivilizationandprogress.Todaymanyriversandwaterwayshavebeenblockedanddammedupforthesakeofindustryanddevelopment.Inmanywayswearemuchtoocivilizedandforthatthelandthewatersandouranimalrelativespaythehighestprice.ThesightthesoundthemurmurandlullabymadebyNahmaymayneverbeheardbyusorourgrandchildren.Buthopeisaliveandwell.WhenpeopleshowcareforthewaterthroughtobaccoofferingsandprayerswehelptostrengthenthespiritofthewaterandthecreaturesthatlivethereincludingNahmaythebeautifulsturgeon.HopeisaliveMiigwechthankstoEddieBenton-Banaiforallowingtheuseofthisstory.Theabovestoryiscopyrightedandthestoryorsegmentsofitmaynotbereproducedwithouttheauthorspermission.TheorthographyforOjibwemowinisdifferentfromGLIFWCspreferredorthographythatisbasedonthedouble-vowelsystem.NahmaysturgeonTheKingofFishByEddieBenton-BanaiexcerptedfromAnishinabeAlmanacLivingthroughtheseasonsNamwaghavesensorybarbelsandlargethicklipswhichtheyusetoforageforfoodonthelakeorriverbottom.PhotobyH.Fiorio PAGE7MAZINAIGANFALL2013WALKINGON2013POSTERTwopowerfulleadersinIndianCountrywalkonThankstothevisioninsightandperseveranceofleaderslikeBillHouleFondduLacandMargeAndersonMilleLacswhofoughttenaciouslyfortribaltreatyrightsaswellasforIndiangam-ingIndianCountryhasmovedforwardinthelastquartercenturybutittookthecommitmentwisdomandstrengthoftheseleaders.Sadlythesetwoearlywarriorshavewalkedoninrecentmonths.Weremem-bertheirleadershiptheirgoalsandac-complishmentsandsaychimiigwechthattheirlivestouchedoursandtheirvisionbroughtstrengthtotheircommunitiesandIndianCountryasawhole.AnacknowledgedleaderinthebattlefortherecognitionoftreatyrightsandtribalsovereigntyformerMilleLacsChiefExecutiveMargeAndersonpassedonJune29fromnaturalcauses.Followingthe1991passingofthenChiefExecutiveArthurGahbowAn-dersonwasappointedtothepositionofChiefExecutiveandthenelectedin1992.SheservedtwomoresubsequenttermsasChiefExecutivebeginning1996and2008andwasthefirstwomantoleadatribeinMinnesota.FluentinthelanguageAndersonwasconsideredanauthorityonOjibwetraditionsandculture.HeryearsofservicetotheMilleLacsBandandtoIndianCountrysawvastchangeswiththesuccessfulestablishmentofIndiangamingandtheaffirmationandimple-mentationofthe1837Treatyrights.Shewaspresentandparticipatedinceremo-niespriortothe1998hearingabouttheMilleLacsBands1837TreatyrightsbeforetheUSSupremeCourtofAppealsinWashingtonDC.Astrongproponentoftribalself-governanceAndersonwasatirelessad-vocatefortribalrightsandsocialjusticeandsucceededinbuildingsubstantialsocialprogramsforthetribe.FormerFondduLacChairmanandoneofGLIFWCsfoundersWilliamBillHouleaveteranwhowasintheU.S.NavyforsixyearsservingduringtheKoreanWarwalkedonSundayJune30attheageof81.WithagoaltoalleviatepovertyonthereservationHouleservedhistribeaschairmanfrom1974to1988usher-inginboththeeraofIndiangamingandtheexerciseoftreatyrightsforhistribe.HealsoservedastheBrookstonDistrictrepresentativeforthebandfrom1968to1974.DeeplyinvolvedwiththeJohnsonOMalleyCommitteehepur-suedimprovededucationopportunitiesfortribalmembers.HerepresentedFondduLaconGLIFWCsBoardofCommissionersfrom1984to1987sowasasignificantcontributorduringGLIFWCsforma-tiveyears.Healsotookaleadintheforma-tionofthefirstoff-reservationtribalcasinoFond-du-LuthCasinoDuluthMinnesotaandfoundedandchairedtheNationalIndianGamingAssociation.BySueEricksonStaffWriterMargeAnderson.BillHoule.Thebarksinner-sideisthecoloroffinishedbuckskinandslightlywet.DeFoemovesinclosetoexaminethesheet.Iliketolookatthebacksidelikethisandseethedesignsithasonit.Seethisherehesaysrunninghisfingeralongamyriadofthreadedpatterns.Aheadatail.Seelookatthis.YouknowwhatitisThunderbird.Itsathunderbird.Thekidcracksasmileandnodsastheimageregisters.Somebarklikethishaseyes.Eyeballs.Lenticelsscientistscallthem.IjustcallthemeyesDeFoeexplains.Thenthebarkgrowsback.Youcomebackinsevenoreightyearsthenitre-allyhasdesignsonitBeforemovingontothenexttreetheyhavethewiigwasssheetflatonthegroundandrollitlikeasleepingbag.DeFoeloopsbindertwinearoundtherolledbarkinstallingapairofhalf-hitchknotsthatcreatesahandlefortransportationoutofwoods.Thepairmovefartherintothewoods.Mosquitoswarmsarefading.TheystopforadrinkofnibiwhenDeFoespotsaseriesofverticalscratchesonamid-sizebirch.Therewasabearrighthere.SeethatThesebearslikebirchtreesIseethisallthetime.Theyllcomeandtheyllmarkittoshowoffhowtalltheyare.Itslikesayingthisismyarea.DeFoeiswalkingagainaimingforaclusterofwhitebirchthatangletotheforestcanopy.Wide-eyedhisyounghelperalreadyhastheladderandquicklycatchesup.AnybodyevercallyouActionJacksonContinuedfrompage1WiigwaasDeFoepointsoutfeatureslikeeyesthatappearontheinsideofharvestedwiigwaas.Botanistscallthesewiigwaaseyeslenticelstheyactasanair-exchangeportthatallowsforthemovementofgasesbetweentheinnertissuesofthetreeandopenair.Lenticelsaremoreprevalentinwettersoilsorsoilswithlowoxygencontent.PhotobyMelissaRasmussenGanawenimGimaamaayinaanTakecareofourMotherGLIFWCs2013posterentitledGanawenimGimaamaayinaanTakecareofourMotherrepresentsourresponsibilitytocarefortheearththewaterandourco-inhabitantsontheearthallspecies.Thisresponsibilityreliesonanacknowledgementofourdependenceonthegiftsofthenaturalworldforlife.MiigwechtoartistWesleyBallingerforsharinghisvision.Aboverepresentsasegmentofthe18x24posterwhichcanbeor-deredthroughGLIFWCswebsitehttpwww.glifwc.orgpublicationsindex.htmlPostersorwriteGLIFWCPOBox9OdanahWI54861.Oneposterisavailablefreeofchargeadditionalpostersare2.50eachplus1.25postage. MAZINAIGANPAGE8FALL2013QUILLWORKLacduFlambeauReservationWis.ReturningtothetraditionslanguageandartworkthathavealwaysbelongedtotheLacduFlambeauLdFpeopleisapassionforBiskakonealsoknownasGregJohnsonanLdFmember.Knownforhisbrilliantbeadworkandtraditionalsplit-toemoccasinsconstructedfrombrain-tanneddeerhidesandvelvetBiskakonestalentshaveexpandedtoincludebirchbarketchingandquillworkanartformthatpredatesEuropeanarrival.WhatIdoIdontownitbelongstotheOjibwepeopleitsnotmineheexplains.Sittingataworktableclutteredwithtoolsandmaterialshedeftlyscratchesapatternofabirdontoaflattenedpieceofbirchbarkusingamagoosawlinordertodemonstratequillwork.Biskakoneonlyrecentlybeganworkingwithquillshavingtrieditbrieflysometenyearsago.HisinterestwasrenewedbyavisitingfriendFrankYoungPotawatomiwhosharedwithhimquillwrappingtechniques.WhilestillnewtoquillworkBiskakoneagreedtosharesomequillworkbasicsalsoacknowledg-ingmastersoftheartlikeFondduLacsJeffSavageandCassLakesMelLoshwhosetalentswithquillsarewellknown.Sotobeginyoumustobtainquillsusuallyretrievedfromaroad-killedgaagporcupine.Thosequillsneedtobewashedandcleaned.Ifcolorsaredesiredthequillsneedtobeboiledanddyed.TraditionallydyesweretakenfromplantssuchasbloodrootorsprucerootalongprocessBiskakoneexplainsbutheusescom-mercialdyes.Dyedquillscanalsobepurchased.Oncedyedanddriedthequillsaresortedbysizelongonesshortonesfatonesskinnyones.Biggerquillsareusedasspacefillershesayswiththesmallerquillsusedtomakefinerdesigns.ToquillonbirchbarkyoualsoneedbarksummerbirchbarkgenerallyharvestedJunethroughAugustwhenitpopseasilyfromthetree.WhilemanyquillbasketsaretinyBiskakonechosetouseaFlambeau-styleberrybasketforhisquillworksoneededalargerpieceofbark.Nextthedesignmustbeetchedintothebarkusingthemagoos.Smallholesarepuncturedverticallyoppositeeachotherontheetcheddesign.Thequillsareflattenedtheninsertedintotheholesandpulledflatuntiltheentiredesignisfilled.Thebasketisthenlinedoftenwithanotherpieceofbirchbarkpressedfirmlyagainstthebacksideofthedecoratedfrontholdingthequillssecurelyinplace.ForhispartBiskakonedecidedtolinehisbasketswithanicecalicofabric.MuchofwhatBiskakaonecreatesreliesontraditionalharvestingskillsincludinghuntingandgatheringknowledgeoftheplantsandanimalsandwhenandhowtousewhattheyoffer.Itiswithgreatrespectandthanksgivingthatheharvestswhatheneedsbeitadeerforthehideandmeatorgiftsfromtheplants.MuchofthisknowledgeheshareswithyouthastheLanguageandCulturalArtsInstructorattheLacduFlambeauPublicSchool.Biskakonesnextbigprojectisconstructinghisownwiigwaasi-jiimaanbirchbarkcanoe.Findingalargeenoughtreewasachallengeinitself.Healreadyharvestedalargepieceofthickerwinterbarkfortheprojectandhaspreparedatemplateonaworkingbenchinhisbasement.Anxioustogetstartedontheprojectheenvisionsafinishedjiimaanrepletewithbeautifulvine-likeetchingsfrombowtostern.Thisisgoingtobemycanoe.Itwontbeforsale.Thisonewillbeminehesays.VisitBiskakoneGregJohnsononFacebookorwww.biskakone.com.NativeartistworkswithtraditionalartformsOjibwequillworkandetchingpredatebeadsBySueEricksonStaffWriterOff-reservationgatheringThroughanagreementbetweenparticipatingGLIFWCmemberbandsBadRiverBayMillsKeweenawBayLacduFlambeauLacVieuxDesertMilleLacsRedCliffandSokaogonMoleLakeandtheEasternRegionoftheU.S.ForestServicemembersoftheparticipatingBandsexercisingtheirtreatyrightsmaygathernon-timberforestproductsfromtheChequamegon-NicoletOttawaHiawathaandHuron-ManisteeNationalForestsaswellasthefollowingstatepropertiesinWisconsinBigBayStateParkBruleRiverStateForestCopperFallsStateParkCrexMeadowWildlifeAreaEddyCreekFisheryAreaFlambeauRiverStateForestGovernorKnowlesStateForestNorthernHighlandsAmericanLegionStateForestPowellMarshWildlifeAreaWillowFlowageScenicWatersForoff-reservationgatheringyoumust1.BeamemberofabandthathasratifiedtheTribalUSFSMOUAgreement2.ObtainatribalgatheringpermitthroughyourtribalregistrationstationorGLIFWC.OjibweartistBiskakoneJohnsonwithapairofhispointedtoemoccasins.AmanforallseasonsBiskakonefollowsthetraditionalOjibweharvestseasonsmakinguseofthemanygiftsfromnaturethroughouttheyear.Hisartworkstemsfromthelifeofahunter-gatherer.PhotosubmittedOneofBiskakonesbirchbarkbasketswithquillworkinprocess.BiskakonefollowsLacduFlambeautraditionsusingaberrybasketpatternfamiliartothetriberatherthanasmallroundbasketoftenseendecoratedwithquills.PhotobyBiskakoneAfavoriteformofartforBiskakoneisetchingbirchbarkanarthealsosharesattheLacduFlambeauPublicSchoolwhereheteachesOjibweartandculture.PhotobyBiskakone PAGE9MAZINAIGANFALL2013QUILLEDMEDALLION MAZINAIGANPAGE10FALL2013MININGOdanahWis.OutsidethecontroversyinIronCountyovertheLCOHarvestCampfewchangeshaveactuallytakenplaceontheminingsceneinthecededterritoriessinceourspringedition.NeverthelessMazinaiganprovidesabriefupdateonthestatusofseveralkeyminingoperationswhichGLIFWCcon-tinuestomonitorduetotheirpotentialtoimpactOjibwetreatyrightsandharvestopportunities.MinnesotaPolymetMineThepreliminarydraftSupplementalEnvironmentalImpactStatementEISfortheproposedPolymetprojecthasbeenreviewedbytheleadandcooperatingagenciesincludingtribesandGLIFWCinvolvedintheproject.ThisistheseconddraftEISforthisprojectthefirstwasrejectedbytheEPAusingmanyofthecritiquesalsomadebytribalcooperators.ThedraftEISislikelytobereleasedforpubliccommentinAugustorSeptember.GLIFWCandtribalstaffspentagreatdealoftimereviewingthepreliminarydraftEISandworkingwiththeleadagenciesMinnesotaDNRtheArmyCorpsandtheForestServicetoensurethatwhenthedraftEISisreleasedtothepublicitappropriatelyincludestribalperspectivesandconclusionswheretheydifferfromthoseoftheleadagencies.WisconsinPenokeeIronMineGogebicTaconiteGTacsubmittedanapplicationforanexplorationlicenseonMay16anditwasissuedonMay30bytheWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourcesDNR.Thecompanyhadappliedtodrill13exploratoryboreholesbutwithdrewandresubmitteditsapplicationrevisingitsproposaltoeightholesafterasitevisitshowedthatoneoftheaccessroadswasexceedinglywetandwouldrequiresignificantworkandpermitstoupgrade.OnJune18GTacappliedforbulksamplingpermitsandfileditsnoticeofintenttofileanapplicationforaminingpermit.TheDNRandArmyCorpsofEngineersACoEhaverespondedtothecompanysbulksamplingapplicationwithlettersdescribinginformationtheyneedtodeterminewhatadditionalpermitsmayberequired.GLIFWCstaffhavebeenactivelycommunicatingissuesandconcernstotheWisconsinDNRandtheACoEabouttheexplorationandbulksamplingproposals.MichiganEagleMineKennecottMineralshasfinalizedthesaleoftheEagleMineandHumboldtMilltoLundinMiningaTorontobasedcompany.ConstructionofsurfacefacilitiescontinuesbutproductionwasdelayedinMayduetofallingmineralprices.GLIFWCcontinuestoconductwaterquantityandwaterqualitymonitoringneartheminesite.OrvanaCopperwoodOrvanaMineralsCopperwoodprojectnearWakefieldhasreceivedstatepermitsrelatedtothefillingofstreamsandwetlandsonthesiteinadditiontoastateminingpermitandawaterdischargepermit.AccordingtothecompanyswebsitebasedoncurrentassumptionstheCompanytargetsproductionstartuparound2014.Themainoutstandingissuesappeartoberelatedtofindingasourceofmineprocesswaterandobtainingadampermitforthetailingsbasin.GLIFWCstaffhavesubmittedextensivecommentsonvariouspermitapplica-tionsandcoordinatedwithLacVieuxDesertandotherinterestedtribes.MininginthecededterritoryAnupdateByGLIFWCStaffPenokeeHillsWis.TheLacCourteOreillesLCOTribehasestab-lishedaharvestingcamponIronCountylandsnearGogebicTaconitesproposedironminesitetoinventorynaturalre-sourcesconductarcheologicalworkandharvestasawaytodocumentalternativeusesofthearea.TuckedintothethickPenokeefor-estalongsidethefastflowingbubblingTylerForksRiverthecampisalsoatanhistoricOjibwevillageandthelandwasapartoftheallotmentsfortheBadRiverreservation.CamporganizersMelGasperandFelinaLaPointebothLCOtribalmembershavesetouttodocumentalltheresourcesavailableintheareatodemonstratehowimportantthislandistotribalmemberswhoareguaranteedbytreatytohavetherighttohuntfishandgatherinthecededterritory.Resourcedocumentationmayalsobeusefulinestablishingbaselineconditionsoftheareawhichisimportanttodobeforeanyminingworkbegins.PartoftheLCOharvestcampisalsodedicatedtocultivatingnativefoodandmedicinalplantspeciesfoundinthearea.AccordingtoGasperoneofthesquashplantsgrowingisfromseedsthatareoverahundredyearsold.Theseedswerefoundinaclaypotthatwasburiednearthecamp.Earlyarcheologicalworkhasturnedupotherclaypotteryshards.Thereareindicationsthattheremaybeburialgroundsintheareaaswell.LaPointeisalsoworkingtore-establishhistoricwalkingtrailsalongtheTylerForksRiverandothersnearthecampthatwereusedbytheOjibwe.Thesetrailswouldhavebeenusedtotravelbetweendifferentharvestingareas.Onetrailleadstoalargestandofcedartreesusefulformedicinalpurposeswhileanothermayhavebeenusedwhenhuntingdeer.Thesetrailswouldhaveconnectedotherseasonalharvestcampsinthearealikeasugarbushcampinthespringtoanearbyberrypatchusedinthesummer.WhilewalkingthesetrailsLaPointesaidsheencounteredspe-ciessignificanttotheOjibwecultureincludingapopulationofmishiike-nyagwoodturtlesfoundnestingnearthecamp.MishiikenyagareathreatenedspeciesinWisconsin.Theyprefercleanriversandstreamswithamoderatetofastflowthatareclosetowetlandsanddeciduousfor-estsmakingtheBadRiverwatershedanidealhabitat.Howeverminingimpactssuchaswaterdrawdownandfillinginofwetlandswithtailingswouldlikelyhaveanegativeimpactonthisspeciesenvironment.WhiletherightofthecamptoexistasithasonIronCountylandshasbeenasourceofcontentionforsomeissuesrelatingtoproperpermitsarebeingworkedoutbetweentheCountyandTribeatthistime.Whilesummermonthsaregreatforcampingfallandwinterconditionsmaypresentmorechallengingconditions.AskediftheyintendtostaythewinterLaPointesaysYes.Weplantodosometrappingherethiswinter.Thecampisopentothepublicandanyoneisfreetovisit.Directionsandadditionalinformationcanbefoundathttpwww.lco-nsn.govmining.phporcontactPaulDeMainat715634-5226ext.1.Donationsofnon-perishableitemscanbemadeattheLCOTradingPostandthePenokeeHillsEducationProjectOfficeinAshland.LCOHarvestCampdocumentsresourcesinPenokeeHillsByJenniferBurnettOutreachSpecialistMishiikenhwoodturtleisathreatenedspeciesinWisconsin.HistoricallytheOjibweusedwalkingtrailsalongtheTylerForksRiverinthePenokeeHills.Typicallythesetrailswouldconnectvarioustraditionalharvestingcampsinthearea.DuringherstayattheLacCourteOreillesHarvestCampFelinaLaPointeLCOhastakenuptheprojectofre-establishingsomeofthosehistorictrails.Thisisinadditiontonotingthepresenceofvariousnaturalresourcesinthearea.PhotobyJenniferBurnettFelinaLaPointe.PhotobySEBadRiversettingupcampinPenokeesTheBadRiverTribeispreparingacampsiteinthePenokeeHillsatalocationsouthoftheLCOHarvestCampandclosertoLakeCaroline.SetonNatureConservancylandthecampwillservemultiplepurposesfortribalmembers.ItwillprovideaplaceforeldersandtribalmemberstobeclosertothelandandwaterandaplacetoholdceremoniesiftheywantsaysBadRiverTribalChairmanMikeWigginswhoismindfulofthesanctityofthewaterandthelandandtheneedtoprotectthemboth.SimilartoLCOscampBadRiverscampwillofferopportunitiesforharvestalongwithuseforspiritualpurposes.Organizersanticipatehavingthecampupandrunningaroundmid-Augustandarearrangingforconstructionofteepeesaswellasforsanitaryfacilitiesatthesite. PAGE11MAZINAIGANFALL2013TheMinoWiisinidaaLetsEatGoodTraditionalFoodsforHealthyLivingprojectstaffcompletedcookingsessionswithsixGLIFWCmembertribes.AboveLaTishaCofnANASEDSprojectcoordinatorispicturedwithAyriannaGokeeRedCliffduringademonstrationheldattheRedCliffEarlyChildhoodCenter.ANAstaffworkedwithyoungtribalmemberstomakeprojectrecipesincludingthewildriceandberrysaladwherekidswereabletoaddtheirfavoritefruit.AyriannaattendedtheeventwithhergrandmotherCarolGokee.PhotobyOwenMaroneyANAEldersshareAnishinaabestoriesinnewbookCDsetNewlanguageresourcenowavailableatGLIFWCByJimSt.ArnoldGLIFWCProgramSpecialistGLIFWCAnishinaabemowinlanguagestaffdeliveredaprogressreporttoMeganKauffmanncenterAdministrationforNativeAmericansduringaJune18meetinginOdanah.KauffmannanANAimpactevaluatorreviewedthegrowthofGLIFWCsANAlanguageprojectwhichpreservesstoriesinOjibwemowinabouttraditionalOjibwepractices.PicturedfromleftLanguageinternsMichelleDeFoeandLeoraLancasterKauffmannalongwithGLIFWCprojectleadersJimSt.ArnoldandWesleyBallinger.PhotoByCharlieOttoRasmussenOdanahWis.HotofftheGLIFWCpressthebilingualDibaajimowinanAnishinaabeStoriesofCultureandRespectprovidesanothervaluablelanguageresourceforOjibwemowinlearnersaswellasinterestingstoriesfromOjibweelderstranslatedintoEnglish.AppropriatelythefirstcopieswerepresentedtoelderadvisorygroupwhoseinvolvementwasattheheartofthispublicationaswellastotheGLIFWCBoardofCommissionersattheirconcurrentJulymeetings.FundedthroughagrantfromtheAdministrationforNativeAmericansACFUSDept.ofHealthandHumanServicesthebookandCDsetDibaajimowi-nanAnishinaabeStoriesofCultureandRespectisacollectionof14recordedspeakersandincludesteach-ingsandstoriesfromeasternwesternnorthernandsouthernAnishinaabeterritory.Projectstaffspenttwoandahalfyearsrecord-ingspeakersandworkingwiththemtotranscribeandtranslatethestories.Thefinalproductisacollectionof34storiesinabookandanaccompanyingMP3for-mattedCDwithoversixhoursofthestoriesrecordedinAnishinaabe.TheDibaajimowinanbookisbilingual.ThestoriesareinAnishinaabeandhaveanEnglishtranslation.Howeverforthelanguagestudenteachparagraphinthestoryisnumberedtomatchthecorrespondingpara-graphinthetranslation.ThebookalsoincludesawordglossaryandcontentquestionsinAnishnaabemowinAnishinaabelanguageforeachstorythatcanbeusedintheclassroom.ItisagoodcomparisonofdifferentteachingstheeldershavesaidAmikLarrySmallwoodfromMilleLacs.Withthestoriesfromtheparentsandgrandparentsofsomeofthespeakerstheremustbeabout150yearsofteachingsinthebook.CopiesoftheDibaajimowinanAnishinaabeStoriesofCultureandRespectbookandCDarebeinggiventoeachofthe11memberGLIFWCtribesfortheirlanguageprogramsschoolsandtribalcolleges.ThebookandCDsetwillalsobeavailablethroughtheGLIFWCPublicInformationOfficeinearlySep-tember.ThecostofthebookandCDset12.00plus2.25postagewillhelppayforfutureprintings.ForonlinepurchaseofGLIFWCsresourcesgotowww.glifwc.orgpublicationsindex.html.MinoWiisinidaabeginscookingdemonstrationswithtribesTeachingtribalmembersaboutthehealthbenefitsoftraditionalfoodsOdanahWis.TheMinoWiisinidaaLetsEatGoodTraditionalFoodsforHealthyLivingprojectstaffharvestedfoodandcookedwithsixmembertribesallspringlong.ThetribesincludedBadRiverRedCliffFondduLacMilleLacsSt.CroixandLacCourteOreilles.Theprojectstaffhosted12cookingdemon-strationswiththesetribesandalsohostedfiveadditionalcookingdemonstrationswithprojectpartners.Thecookingdemonstrationswerepresentedtoawidevarietyoftribalpro-grams.ForexampleonecookingdemonstrationwashostedattheRedCliffEarlyChildhoodCenterwheretheProjectCoordinatorLaTishaCoffinandCommunityDietitianOwenHollyMaroneywereabletoworkwithyoungtribalmemberstomakesomeprojectrecipes.Onerecipethewildriceandberrysaladallowedthekidstoaddtheirchoiceoffreshfruittotheirsaladmakingittheirownspecialvariety.Thefavoritecombinationwasbananasgreenapplesandraisins.Inad-ditiontocookingdemonstrationstheprojectstaffhasbeenoutharvestingwildgreenssuchaswildonionsrampsbrackenfiddleheadfernsostrichfiddleheadfernswintergreenleavescowslipsmilkweedandwatercress.Afterharvestingtheprojectstaffpreservedthespringgreensforfuturecookingdemonstrationsandarelookingforwardtotherestofthesummerharvestofsumacberriesjuneberriesandwintergreenberriesaswellastothefallharvest.WonderingaboutthecookbookTheMinoWiisinidaacookbookwillbereleasedinthefallof2014whichwillinclude86collectedrecipeswithaninstructionalDVD.3000copieswillbedistributedtomembertribesandprojectpartnersandthenwillbeavailableforpurchasethroughGLIFWCsPublicInfor-mationOffice.StartinginOctober2013theprojectstaffwillbegincookingdemonstrationswithSokaogonMoleLakeLacduFlambeauLacVieuxDesertKeweenawBayandBayMills.Eachcommunitywillhostatleastthreecookingdemonstrationsthroughoutthewinter.LookforupcomingMinoWiisinidaacookingdemon-strationsinyourcommunityForinformationaboutcookingdemonstrationsinyourareacontactLaTishaCoffinANASEDSProjectCoordinatoratlmcroyglifwc.orgorat715682-6619ext.2127.TodonateatraditionalfoodrecipeorforquestionsaboutnutritionalinformationcontactOwenMaroneyCommunityDietitianatohmaroneyglifwc.orgorat715682-6619ext.2147.TheMinoWiisinidaaLetsEatGoodTraditionalFoodsforHealthyLivingprojectisfundedbytheAdministrationforNativeAmericansANAACFandHHS.ByLaTishaCofnANASEDSProjectCoordinator MAZINAIGANPAGE12INVASIVTribesbattleinvasiOdanahWis.Thedegradationofnativeplantcommunitiesandwildlifehabitatbyinvasivespeciesisagrowingproblem.GLIFWChasdevelopedaneffectiveinva-sivespeciesprogramthatincorporateseducationinventorycontrolandcooperationtomanageinvasivespecies.Educationaleffortsinformthepublicaboutthethreatsposedbyinvasivespeciesandthesimplestepsneededtolimittheirspreadandpreventnewintroductions.GLIFWCprovidesinformationonlifehistoriesidentificationimpactsandcontroloptionsforseveralspeciesofspecialconcernviaitswebsiteathttpinvasives.glifwc.org.Regularinventoriesforbothaquaticandterrestrialinvasivespeciesprovidedataforplanningandprioritizingmanagementactivities.Integratedpestmanage-mentstressesinvasiveplantsusingmultiplemethodstoincreasethelikelihoodofsuccessfulcontrol.GLIFWCcrewsusechemicalandbiologicalcontrolsaloneandincombinationtoachieveeffectivecontrolofpurpleloosestrifeaninvasiveplantthatthreatenswetlandhabitatsthroughoutthecededterritories.Becauseinvasivespeciesdonotrecognizelandownershipboundariesandthechallengesofinvasivespeciesmanagementaretoogreatforanyoneagencytomanagealonecoordinationwithcooperatingstatefederalandtriballandmanagersaswellasnon-governmentalorganizationsandprivatelandownersisessentialtoachievesuc-cessfulmanagement.GLIFWCparticipatesinseveralcooperativeeffortstoreducetheimpactsofinvasivespecies.TheNorthwoodsCooperativeWeedManagementAreaNCWMAwasestablishedtohelpfacilitatecooperationandcoordinationofregionalmanagementactivities.ParticipantsintheNCWMAincludeGLIFWCandseveralstatefederaltribalandprivatelandownersintheregion.Poolingresourcesandworkingtogetheracrossjurisdictionalboundariesismoreefficientandeffectiveforcontrollinginvasivespecies.GLIFWChelpsfacilitateinter-agencycoordinationbycompilingandsharingregionalinvasivespeciesdataviaitswebsiteathttpmaps.glifwc.org.GLIFWCtargetseducationcontrolandcooperationtomanageinvasivespeciesBySueEricksonStaffWriterThebattleagainsttheinvasivesealam-preyinLakeSuperiortakesplaceannuallyinstreamsfromSkaneeMichigantoAmniconFallsWisconsin.GLIFWCsGreatLakesSectioninpartnershipwiththeUSFishandWildlifeServiceBadRiverNaturalResourcesDepartmentandtheKeweenawBayNaturalResourcesDepartmentassessessevenstreamsinanefforttocontroltheevasivesealampreys.Sealampreysbegintheirlifecycleinaclearcleanstreameachasoneofthousandsofeggslaidintogravelnestsonthestreambottom.Herelittlelampreys-orlarvae-hatchdrifttobackwaterareasinthestreamandburrowintothestreambottom.Larvaeharm-lesslyfilterwaterforfoodandgrow.Oncethelarvaegrowtohalfafootlongorsotheytransformfromaharmlessfilterfeederintoaparasitewitharaspingtonguesurroundedbyrowsofsharpteethseephotototheright.TheparasiticsealampreyscanonlyfeedonfishandthatisaproblemParasiticsealampreysgrowfromsixinchestonearlytwofeetlongorfourtimestheiroriginalsizeineighteenmonths.Inthistimetheykillnearlyfortypoundsoffishbyattachingtothemandsuckingouttheirbodyfluidsatruevampireofthefishworld.IntheproductiveAtlanticOceantheiroriginalhometheireffectisminimalbutinthelessproductivewatersofLakeSuperiortheireffectcanbedevastatingiftheyareleftuncontrolled.ThatiswherethepartnershipcoordinatedthroughtheGreatLakesFisheryCommissionGLFCcomesintoplay.ThemosteffectivecontrolcomesintheformofachemicallampricidewhichisappliedtostreamsbytheGLFCcontrolagentstokilllarvalsealampreys.Howeverlampricideisnot100effectivesoadditionalcontrolstrategiesarebeingexamined.TheseincludedownstreamtrappingwheresealampreysarecapturedastheytransformanddriftdownthestreamtoLakeSuperiorseeupperphotonestdestructionwheresealampreysarephysicallyremovedfromtheirnestsandthenestsaredestroyedandadultremovalwheresealampreysareremovedastheymigratebackupthestreamstospawn.Inadditiontoremovingadultsealampreyssomearemarkedandreleasedforamark-recapturepopulationestimate.Thisestimateisusedasameasureoftheeffec-tivenessofthecontrolprogramandthedamagetothefisherythatcanbeattributedtosealampreys.Ifthecontrolprogramiseffectivethenumbersofadultsealampreyshouldremainbelow56000duringthepastfiveyearstheaveragenumberofadultspawningsealampreyswas43400.GLIFWCperformsannualsurveysofcededterritorylakescheckingforthepresenceofaquaticinvasivespeciessuchazebramusselsspinywatereasandEurasianwatermilfoil.WhensamplingthelocationismarkedbyGPSandnoted.Latersamplesareshippedtoalaboratoryforidenticationofinvasivespeciesinthesample.AboveSamQuagonamemberofGLIFWCsaquaticinvasivespeciescrewpreparestodropaveligernetcheckingforthepresenceofzebramusselveligers.PhotobyDaraOlsonGLIFWCpartnersonsealampreycontrolAfterice-outafykenetwassetintheLittleCarpRivernearBaragaMichiganwiththeopeningfacingupstreamtocapturelarvalandtransformedsealampreysastheydrifteddowntherivertoLakeSuperior.About1200sealampreyswerecapturedin2012.PhotoM.MattesByBillMattesGLIFWCGreatLakesSectionLeaderThemouthofaparasiticsealampreyhasaraspingtonguesurroundedbyrowsofteethwhichareusedtoattachtoashandgougeaholethroughitseshsothattheparasitecanfeedontheshsbodyfluids.PhotoB.MattesAdditionalinformationoninvasivespeciescanbefoundathttpinvasives.glifwc.org. PAGE13MAZINAIGANSPECIESesonlandwaterNorthwoodsCooperativeWeedManagementAreaInternSarahMoodieworksthroughagarlicmustardpatchneartheupperBadRiver.CORKakagonSloughsundergoingmakeoverformanoominTheback-and-forthmechanicalroarrumblingdeepwithintheKakagonSloughsthispastsummermaybeaharbingerofbettermanoominseasonstocome.PuttingoutreverberationsworthyofanairshowapairofFondduLacBandairboatsmadethreetripstotheSloughsmowingaquaticvegetationthathascommandeeredonce-productivewildricesites.AfterhearingconcernsfromcommunitymembersaboutwildricebeingoutcompetedbyotherplantswedecidedtotrytocontrolthesecompetitorspeciesinareaswherewildricestemdensityislowandtheseotherspeciesareabundantsaidJessicaSoineBadRiverNaturalResourceDepartmentNRD.WithassistancefromFondduLacFdLnaturalresourcestechniciansBadRiverNRDisexperimentingwithbothhand-treatingaquaticplantsandutilizingairboatsequippedwithcuttingbladestomakeroomformanoomin.FornarrowleafcattailsBadRivercrewseithermanuallyshearedoffthestemsorpulledentireplantsfromthemuckbottom.Inlargerareasabout25acresinallairboatmowersbuzzedpickerelweedalsocalledmooseearandarrowheadjustbelowthewaterline.Themanagementtechniquesaredesignedtopreventthenuisanceperennialplantsfromproducingseedandtopromotewinterdie-off.WhiletheresultswontbevisibleuntilnextJuneReggieDeFoeexpectsgoodthingsfromtheworkparticularlytheshorttermeffectivenessofairboatmowing.IfyoudontdoanythingintheseareasmooseearwillendupreplacingallthewildricesaidDeFoeFdLDirectorofNaturalResources.Airboatcuttinggivesyoutwo-to-sevenyearsthericerecoversandthenyouconsidermakinganothercut.WithFdLsownmanoominwatersbeingchoked-outbymooseearintheearly2000stribalstafftinkeredwithaquaticmowingdevicesanddevelopedamulti-shearcuttingbar.DeFoesaidthepairingofairboatsandbladeshashelpedthetribemain-tain800-1000acresofgoodmanoominhabitatontheeasternMinnesotareservation.InacooperativeprojectintheSuperiorNationalForestFdLboatshavealsobeendeployedtotheancientmanoomingroundsofBigRiceLake.TribalwatersinfuxDeFoesaidtribalbiologistssuspectthatmooseearalthoughnativetothewater-shedisanewcomertothethreeFondduLacreservationlakesthatexperiencedthestarkmanoomindeclinearoundtheturnofthecentury.IntheKakagonSloughspartofthelargestundevelopedcoastalwetlandintheupperGreatLakeswaterlevelchangeisemergingastheleadingculpritforwaningwildricedensities.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterAFondduLacNaturalResourcesairboatmakesapassthroughaquaticvegetationinBadRiversKakagonSloughs.ThissectionofextensiveGichigamicoastalmarshisdominatedbymooseeararrowheadandscatteredmanoominplants.FundingforthecooperativeprogramtorestorewildricestandscomesfromtheGreatLakesRestorationInitiativeandanappropriationfromtheBadRiverTribalCouncil.InsetAseriesofbladesmountedtothebackofanairboatmowsaquaticplantsjustunderthewaterline.PhotobyCORInsetphotobyFondduLacNaturalResourceDepartmentWildriceseedthatfallsfromthestalkandintothesubstratecanremainviableformanyyears.Followingaquaticmowingoperationstoremovenuisanceveg-etationsomeareasreceivesupplementaldosesofgreenricebutoftentimestheexistingseedbedisrichenoughtoreestablishamanoominstand.WithfifteenyearsinvestedintoaseeminglyinfinitefighttorepelthenorthwoodsexoticplantinvasionMilesFalckhasonethingtosayprevention.TheGLIFWCwildlifebiologistisaprimemoverintribaleffortstolocatemapanddestroyinvasiveplantspeciesthatharmimportantnaturalresourcesinthecededterritory.Onceinvasiveplantsgainafootholdandbegintosuccessfullybroadcastseedthecampaignshiftstothesoberingworkofcontainment.Youhavetosetpriorities.WereatapointwhereeverythingcantbetreatedsaidFalckwhocoordinatesdatasharingwithstatefederalandlocalnaturalresourcesorganizationstomanageinvasiveplants.NearCopperFallsStateParkalongtheupperBadRiverinteragencystaffandvolunteersrecentlyreturnedtoapriorityareaforgarlicmustardcontrol.InthelushgreenfloodplainforestsmallwhiteflowersbetrayedthelocationoftheEuropeaninvader.Armedwithglovesandtrashbagsthegroupscatteredupanddowntheriverhand-pullinggarlicmustardplantsrootsandall.Whilestillconspicuousfewerplantswerevisiblein2013followingyearsofphysicalremovalandselectherbicideapplications.Theworkmakesroomforna-tivespeciesimportanttotribeslikeostrichferngichi-aniibiishthebestsourceforfiddleheadsusedinsoupsandotherdishes.Blackashwiisgaaksaplingsalsobenefitandtheirexpansiverootsystemshelpreducefloodingtribalmembersdraw-outlongsplintsofwoodfrommatureashtreesforbasketmaking.LeftuncheckedFalcksaidthatgarlicmustardandotheraggressiveplantsfromEuropeandAsiacanchokeoutallotherplantsontheforestfloor.InsomecasesGLIFWCandotherresourceman-agersintheupperMidwestenlisthelpfromthenaturalworldtocontrolexoticplants.KnownasbiologicalcontrolsnaturalenemiesapprovedbytheUSDepart-mentofAgricultureareintroducedintotheenvironmenttoreducetheabundanceofnuisancevegetation.FortheEuropeanwetlandplantpurpleloosestrifeonceapopularadditiontoflowergardensaleaf-eatingbeetlehasservedbiologistswell.GLIFWChasanintegratedapproachtocontrollingpurpleloosestrifesaidFalck.Insmalllowdensityareaswedigupplantsoruseaherbicide.Beetlesarereleasedintolargerloosestrifecoloniesanddoanicejob.Falcksaidinvasivespeciesmanagementrequiresatremendousamountofworkandcanbeadrainonfinancialresourcesasmore-and-moreexoticplantsap-pearonthelandscapeeachyear.Preventingnewintroductionsissoimportantinthelongrun.Itsabouteducation.GointotheoutdoorswithcleangearandequipmentdontmovemudthatmightcontaininvasiveseedsFalcksaid.Themorepeoplelearnaboutinvasivespeciesthebetterchancewellhaveminimizingnegativeenvironmentalimpacts.ContactFalck715.685.2124formoreinformation.OncehereinvasiveplantstendtostayByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterSeeTribalwatersinfluxpage19Hand-pullingisaveryeffectivemeansofdealingwithgarlicmustardaslongastherootispulledout.Theplantiscapableofresproutingifthestembreaksoffandtherootremainsintheground.COR MAZINAIGANPAGE14FALL2013FORESTPESTSSometimeinthelate1800stinyinsectsarrivedontheeastcoastofNorthAmerica.ThebugsalmostcertainlyhitchedarideonnurserystockfromEurope.Nooneseemedtonoticethemuntil1908whenspecimensinBrunswickMainewereidentifiedbyascientistasthebalsamwoollyadelgid.In1931scientistsinNovaScotiastartedinvestigatinganabnormalityonbalsamfirbranchescallgoutdisease.Theyquicklyrealizedthisinsectwasthecauseandthatitwasbecom-ingabigproblemfortheareasbalsamfir.BythenthebalsamwoollyadelgidhadalreadyspreadacrossmostofNewHampshireVermontMaineNovaScotiaandPrinceEdwardIslandandintopartsofMassachusettsNewYorkandNewBrunswickaswell.TinyinsectcauseshugeproblemsforrtreesBySteveGarskeANAForestPestEnv.GrantCoordinatorMaturebalsamwoollyadelgids.Theadultsexcreteawhitecottonywaxthatprotectstheirbodiesandtheireggs.PhotobyRobertL.AndersonUSDAForestServiceBugwood.orgBWAdistributionintheUS.TheBWAisalsoestablishedinsoutheasternCanada.ProducedwiththeUSFSAlienPestExplorerhttpforesthealth.fs.usda.govportalFlexAPEDeadstandofmatureFraserrinNorthCarolina.SeedlingsandsaplingsaremoreresistanttotheBWAandcontinuetogrowforthetimebeing.PhotobyG.L.LenhardLouisianaStateUniversityBugwood.orgABWAcrawlerbeforeaccumulationofwhitewaxymaterial.Thisinsectislessthan132inchlong.AshvilleArchiveUSDAForestServiceBugwood.orgDamagetoFraserrneedles.PhotobyGreatSmokyMountainsNationalParkArchiveNPSBugwood.orgSwellinggoutingandneedlelosscausedbytheBWA.PhotobyDavidMcCombUSDAForestServiceBugwood.orgAround1955thebalsamwoollyadelgidBWAreachedtheisolatedhigh-elevationFraserfirstandsoftheAppalachianMountains.AlongwithredspruceFraserfiracloserelativeofbalsamfirwasadominanttreeonthesemountaintops.FraserfirhaslittleresistancetotheBWA.TheinsectspreadrapidlycarriedbythewindaswellasbypeoplemovingfirewoodlogsboughsnurseryplantsandChristmastrees.Over90ofthematureFraserfirtreesinthesestandshavenowbeenwipedout.TheBWAhasalsohitchedarideonnurserystockshippedtothePacificNorthwest.SomewesternfirspecieslikenoblefirarefairlyresistanttoBWAinfestationbutotherssuchassub-alpinefirarehighlysusceptible.Adelgidsaresimilartothefamiliaraphidsorplantlice.Bothadelgidsandaphidshavepiercingmouthpartsthataresortofshapedlikeastrawwhichtheyusetosiphonplantjuice.Thereareonlyabout50speciesofadelgidsintheworldallfoundinthenorthernhemisphere.Adelgidshavecomplicatedlifecyclesandchangeformsastheymature.Whileaphidsfeedonsugarsintheplantssapadelgidsfeedonstarchstoredintheplantscells.Aphidssecreteexcesssugarashoneydewwhileadelgidssecreteawaxysubstancethatcoverstheirbodiesandmakesthemlooklikespecksofwhitefuzz.LikemostotheraphidrelativesthelifecycleoftheBWAiscompli-cated.TostartwithonlyfemaleBWAsoccurinNorthAmerica.Thesefemalesareparthenogenicmeaningtheycanlayfertileeggswithoutmating.Astagecalledacrawlerhatchesfromtheeggs.Thesecrawlersarethesizeofpepperdots.Mostcrawlersstayclosetohomebutarelativehandfulmayhitcharideonabirdsfootorasquirrelsfirorarepassivelyblownonthewind.Thecrawlerssoonbeginfeedingandtransformintoaflatrest-ingstagewheretheywillremaintherestoftheirlives.TheBWAusuallyhastwogenerationsinthenorthanduptofourinthesouthernpartofitsrange.TheBWAoftenattacksthecanopyofthetree.Asitfeedsitinjectsahormonethatcausesthetwigstobecomeswollenatthebranchnodesandbelowthebudsandtheendsofthebranchestobecomestunted.Ifthetreesurvivesforseveralyearstheterminalstembeginstogrowatanangleinsteadofstraightupgivingthetreeafiddleheadappearance.Thetopdiesbackallowingfungitoinvadethetree.Thetreesneedlesstarttoturnyellowandfalloff.Coneandseedproductionisgreatlyreduced.Thetreedeclinesandeventuallydies.YoungfirtreesmakeachemicalcalledjuvabionethatgivesthemsomeresistancetotheBWAbutastheymaturetheymakelessofthischemicalleavingthemopentoattack.FirtreesarealsosusceptibletostemattackwherethetrunkbecomesheavilyinfestedwithBWA.PopulationsofBWAcanreach100-200persquareinchofbark.Stemfeedingcausesthetreetoproducedensebrittlewood.Thiswoodisnotasgoodattransportingwatertothecanopyofthetree.Itisalsomuchlessvaluableforlumberandpulp.InthesouthernAppalachianstreesthatareheavilystem-attackedoftendiewithinafewyears.Inthenortheaststem-attackedtreesusuallydiemoreslowlywithsomepersistingfor10yearsormore.TheBWAsspreadandimpactislimitedbycoldinthenorth.AstudyinNovaScotiafoundthatinareaswithaverageJanuarytemperaturesof12Fandbelowdamagetobalsamfirwasrelativelyminor.Anotherstudyfoundthattemperaturesof-30Forlowerfor24hourskilledalltheBWAsabovethesnowline.TheseconditionsroughlycorrespondtoUSDAZone4awhichincludesthewesternandcentralUpperPeninsulaofMichiganthenorthernthirdofWisconsinandthenorthernhalfofMinnesota.ThewarmingclimatewilllikelymovealltheseregionsexceptperhapsnortheastMinnesotaintozone4bwithinadecadeortwothough.TherestoftheGreatLakesregionisclassifiedaszone4borwarmerandwouldalreadysusceptibletoBWAdamageiftheinsectarrives.ThreebeetleandthreeflyspeciesfromtheBWAsnativerangehavesofarbeenintroducedtocombattheBWA.UnfortunatelythesebiocontrolinsectsStemattackonFraserr.Heavysteminfestationsoftenkillthetree.WilliamM.CieslaForestHealthMgmt.Intl.Bugwood.orgSeeValuedbalsamboughspage19 PAGE15MAZINAIGANFALL2013BySueEricksonStaffwriterTREATYHARVESTSpringspearingnettinground-upOdanahWis.Thewillwastherebutthewaywasruggedthisspringfortreatyspearersandnettersseekingtoreplenishthefamilysstockofwalleye.Plaguedlargelybyalateice-outandacoldsoggyspringtribalfishermenmadethebestofwhatMotherNaturehandedtheminthecededterritorylakesofMin-nesotaWisconsinandMichigan.MilleLacsharvestTheharvestfromMilleLacsLakewaswellbelowthetribaldeclarationof71250poundsofwalleyecappingoffat15171poundstakenbothbyspearandnet.Infactthespearingharvestprovedmostproductivetaking11422poundsofwalleyeversusthe3749poundsharvestedbynet.GLIFWCInlandFisheriesSectionLeaderJoeDanRosesaysthataccordingtopreliminaryresultsthenewregulationallowingallsizesofwalleyetobespearedappearstohaveshiftedsomeoftheharvestawayfromsmalleryoungerwalleye.Inadditiontowalleyethetribesharvested3269poundsofnorthernpikefromMilleLacsLake.NomembersoftheFondduLacBandortheMoleLakeBandparticipatedintheMilleLacsspringseasonwhichbeganonApril24.TribeMalebuckFemaledoeTotalBadRiver5156107FondduLac232952LCO161246407LDF115241356LVD000MLS192544MoleLake79117196RedCliff6771138St.Croix144145289TribalbearharvestinWisconsinTribeMaleFemaleTotalBadRiver224FondduLac415LCO011LDF325LVD000MLS000MoleLake101RedCliff61117St.Croix6612TribaldeerharvestinWisconsinTribeMaleFemaleTotalBadRiver000FondduLac51924LCO000LDF000LVD000MLS383775MoleLake000RedCliff000St.Croix202WisconsinspringharvestWhileharvesttotalswerewaydowninMilleLacsLaketribalspearersen-joyedamoresuccessfulseasoninWisconsinlandingatotalof28395walleyeslightlylessthanhalfofthe59441declarationand270muskellungefromcededterritorylakes.Whilethewalleyeharvestwasbelowthe2010recordof34156walleyeandthe2012harvestof32311walleyeitstillrepresentedasuccessfulalthoughlateseasonfortribalmembers.SpearingdidnotbeginuntilMay1abouttwoweekslaterthanaverage.MichiganspringharvestInMichiganbeginningonMay5theLacVieuxDesertLVDmembersbrought2471walleyeintotheirboatswith1655ofthosebeingLakeGogebicfish.Thisfellwellbelowtheiroverallharvestguidelineof10293walleyefrom54declaredlakes.AccordingtoRogerLaBineLVDVoigtIntertribalTaskForcerepresenta-tivetheextraordinarilylateice-outimpactedboththespearingharvestandLVDhatcheryseggcollectionthisspring.Bothfellfarshortofaverageexpectations.LaBinespeculatesthatfishhadeitherbegunabsorbingtheireggsorperhapsdroppedthemundertheice.Hatcherynetsalsocapturedfewerfishandthosewerelargelymale.Windyweatherconditionsalsocontributedtoadifficultseasonwhichduetoitslatenessmergedintothestatesportseasonaswell.Tribaldeerharvestin1837ofMinnesotaTribalbobcatharvestinWisconsinoff-reservationTribeMaleFemaleTotalBadRiver224FondduLac000LCO161632LDF213LVD000MLS000MoleLake112RedCliff272047St.Croix000uTribalbobcatharvestin1837ofMinnesota0TribalotterharvestinWisconsinoff-reservationTribeMaleFemaleTotalBadRiver241539FondduLac000LCO202343LDF325LVD000MLS011MoleLake011RedCliff14519St.Croix000Michigantribalharvestoff-reservationuTribalotterharvestin1837ofMinnesota0Treatyharvesttotals2012-2013TribeMaleFemaleTotalBadRiver000FondduLac437LCO181634LDF213LVD000MLS101MoleLake202RedCliff000St.Croix353469TribalfisherharvestinWisconsinuTribalbearharvestin1837ofMinnesota0uTribalfisherharvestin1837ofMinnesota0SpeciesTotalElk3Deer269Bear3Turkey3Fisher20Marten76Bobcat1Otter3EssentialOjibwemowinwaawaashkeshideer MAZINAIGANPAGE16FALL2013DoublevowelsystemofwritingOjibwemowin.LongvowelsAAEIIOOWaaboozasinfatherMiigwechasinjayAaniinasinseenMoozasinmoonShortVowelsAIODashasinaboutIngiwasintinNiizhoasinonlyAglottalstopisavoicelessnasalsoundasinAaw.Respectfullyenlistanelderforhelpinpronunciationanddialectdifferences.Down1.bear2.geese3.Talktohimher4.no7.everyAcross5.wolves6.Therearebrightleaves.8.now9.theseanimateNin-igNin--aaGi--agGi--iminaamnin--igonaanVTAInectionscont.-VTARootWaabamSeehimherGiwaabamig.Sheseesyou.Giwaabamigowaa.Sheseesyouall.Owaabamaan.Sheseeshimher.Niwaabamigonaan.Sheseesus.Giwaabamigonaan.Sheseesusall.Owaabamaa.Sheseesthem.AbovearemoreinflectionsWe-YouYouallSheThey.Youall-MeSheUsThemThey-MeYouSheWeWeallYouallThey.Grammer-HowahGoojitoonTryitTranslationbelow.IKIDOWINODAMINOWINwordplayTranslationsNiizh2A.VTAinfectionpatternscontinue.SomeVTArootcommandsendinzh.Dropzhwheninfecting.IincludeallVTApossibleinfectionpatternsinthispage.B.Wetalktoyouandwetalktohimherevery-day.C.Wetalktoyouallpluralandwetalktothemeverylittlewhile.D.Weallincludingyoutalktohimherandwealltalktothematthelake.E.Youallgowithme.Youallgowithhimher.Youallgowithus.Youallgowiththemnow.F.Theygowithmealso.Theygowithyou.Theygowithhimher.Theygowithjustus.G.Theygowithallofushere.Theygowithyouall.Theygowiththem.ThatsitVTAsNiswi3Down1.Makwa2.Nikag3.Gaganoozh4.Gaawiin7.EndasoAcross5.Maiinganag6.Waatebagaa8.Noongom9.OngowNiiwin-41.Youseeusgi--iminaamwhenyoudrivetotheriver.2.AtthelakewhenitwasWednesdayhalfwayIdidseehimherNin--aa.3.Shelovesmenin--igandshelovesthemanimalsalso.4.Inthewoodswhenwewerelookingforberriesshedid-seeusnin--igonaanthere.Shewaspickingberries.5.InthefallinIndiancountryyouseethemgi--agwhentheyharvestwildriceandwhentheythreshrice.TherearevariousOjibwedialectscheckforcorrectusageinyourarea.NotethattheEnglishtranslationwillloseitsnaturalflowasinanyworldlanguagetranslation.Thismaybereproducedforclassroomuseonly.Allotherusesbyauthorswrittenpermission.SomespellingsandtranslationsfromTheConciseDictionaryofMinnesotaOjibwebyJohnD.NicholsandEarlNyholm.AllinquiriescanbemadetoMAZINAIGANP.O.Box9OdanahWI54861pioglifwc.org.Niizh2Bezhig1OJIBWEMOWINOjibweLanguageNiiwin4Niswi3521VTAs3DagwaagigWhenitisAutumnCirclethe10underlinedOjibwewordsinthelettermaze.TranslationsbelowDagwaagigManoominike-GiizisgemaaWaatebagaa-GiizisidashBinaakwe-GiizisidashGashkadino-Giizisongowgiizisoonizhinikaazowag.DagwaagigNiwiikiiyosemin.Ninoojiaanaanigwaawaashkeshiwagbinewagmayagi-binewagininishibagidashnikag.Makwaggaawiinninoojiaasiinaanig.Makwaindoodem.Niinnindinawemaag.Maiinganaggaawiinjaaginaasiinaanig.Ganabajmaiingangidoodem.Gidinawemaag.Awesiiyagminwaabamewiziwag.MiigwechWhenitisautumnWildRice-MoonorBrightLeaves-MoonSept.andCombingFallingLeaves-MoonOct.andFreezingOver-MoonNov.thesemoonsmonthstheyarecalled.Whenitisautumnwewillgohunting.Weseekoutthemdeerpartridgepheasantsmallardsandgeese.Bearwedonothuntthem.Bearismyclan.MeIamrelatedtothem.Wolveswedonotkilloff.Perhapswolfisyourclan.Youarerelatedtothem.Wildanimalstheyareadmiredrespected.ThankyouJGIOZADWEOGAYENXOASZAWDIBNHOJNAAIIOMNNAIYSWNOONGOMGIOGWZSOEBIOINAZHEKBAIASABEWIIJIIWOWHOAOMAAMGIIZHIKA.VTARootVerbsGaganoozhTalktohhergaganoonB.Gigaganoonigodashningaganoonaanaanendaso-giizhik.C.Gigaganoonigomidashningaganoonaanaanigwewayiiba.D.Gigaganoonaanaanidashgiga-ganoonaanaanigzaagaiganing.E.WiijiiwGocomewithhimherGiwiijiiwim.Giwiijiiwaawaa.Giwiijiiwinaam.Giwiijiiwaawaagnoongom.F.Niwiijiiwigoggaye.Giwiijiiwigog.Owiijiiwaawaan.Niwiijiiwigonaanig.G.Giwiijiiwigo-naanigomaa.Giwiijiiwigowaag.Owiijiiwaawaa.MiiiwVTAs7481.Bimibizoyanziibiing_____waabam_____.2.Zaagaiganinggii-aabitoose_____gii-waabam____.3._____zaagi_____idashozaagiaaawesiiyangaye.4.Megwaayaakgii-andawawinzoyaang_____giiwaabam_____imaa.Gii-mawinzo.5.DagwaagigAnishinaabe-akiing_____waabam_____manoominikewaadidashbawishkamowaad.6Verbs-Animate-Transitive.ActionofpersonstransferstoanLivingBeings.Rootisacommandthenaddinflections.ZaagiLoveTreasurehimherGizaagiin.Iloveyou.Gizaagiininim.Iloveyouall.Ninzaagiaa.Ilovehimher.Ninzaagiaag.Ilovethem.Gizaagi.Youloveme.Gizaagiaa.Youlovehimher.Gizaagiiminaam.Youloveus.Gizaagiag.Youlovethem.Ninzaagiig.Shelovesme.9OJIBWEMOWIN PAGE17MAZINAIGANFALL2013INTERNSGLIFWCsummerinternsvaluefieldexperienceOdanahWis.GLIFWCsGreatLakesSectionbroughtthreesummerinternsaboardtoassistwithavarietyofspringandsummerprojectsfromApril22throughAugust9.UnderthesupervisionofGreatLakesSectionLeaderBillMattesandGreatLakesFisheriesTechnicianMikePlucinskithethreereceivedahealthydoseoffishbiologythroughthelastcouplemonths.The2013GreatLakesinternsincludedHannaFiorioMasonWisconsinDaltonLebedaPaloIowaandClintSoulieraLacduFlambeaumemberfromRhinelanderWisconsin.InearlytomidJunetheinternshelpedwiththesealampreycontrolprogramsettingandcheckingtrapsintheBadRiverandtaggingreleasedlampreyalthoughthecatchwaslimitedthisspringduetothelatenessoftheseasonandhighwaterlevels.LaterinthesummerthecrewwasoutonGichigamiLakeSuperiorfortwoweekssettingassessmentnetsforGLIFWCsannualsiscowettroutsurveysnearHoughtonMichigan.ThethreesomealsowereinvolvedinjuvenilelakesturgeonassessmentsatthemouthoftheBadRivercatchingandtaggingnamsturgeoninordertomonitorpopulation.WhilemuchofthetimeisoutinthefieldsomedowntimebroughtthembacktotheGLIFWCgaragetosewdam-agednetsortothemainofficetoagefishbyexaminingotolithfishearbonesamplesorexaminestomachsamples.HannaFiorioattendsNorthlandCollegeaseniormajoringinnatu-ralresourcesfisheriesandwildlifemanagement.ShemadecontactwithGLIFWCthroughNorthlandsJobFair.Theexperiencesoundedinterestingsosheappliedwasacceptedandhasenjoyedtheopportunityforthehands-onexperiencewiththefisheries.SheespeciallyenjoyedtheworkwithnameintheBadRiverlearninghowtoinsertpithandfloytagsinfish.AtonetimeGreatLakesinternsapplyworkincollegecapstoneprojectsManoomininternscheckricestatuson40lakesOneofGLIFWCstwomanoominwildriceinternsDevonBrock-MontgomeryisasophomoreatNorthlandCollegemajoringinnaturalresourcesfisheriesandwildlifemanagement.WhilesheisaMadisonnativesheattendedConserveSchoolandbecameattractedtotheareahenceappliedforacceptanceatNorthlandCollege.PriorknowledgeofGLIFWCthroughtheLakeSuperiorConnectionProgramaswellasNorthlandsJobFairledhertoapplyforthemanoomininternshipwhichhassuitedherinterestswell.Sheenjoysthewildernessatmosphereandbeingclosetowildlifeinparticularthenumerousspeciesofbirdstheteamencounterswhilepaddlingthroughcededterritoryricelakes.TheotherhalfoftheteamismadeupbyFeleciaBressetteRedCliffwhorecentlygraduatedfromtheUniversityofMinnesotawithamajorinNativeAmericanstudiesandafocusonOjibwemowin.Aftergraduationshewaslook-ingforapositionwithGLIFWCandthemanoomininternshiphadanopening.Shehasenjoyedbeingonthewaterandalsoobservinganarrayofwildlifemuskratsbeaverbirdsintheirnaturalhabitats.Theyhaveallkepttheinternscompanyontheirdailyjourneysthroughabout40manoominlakesfollowingamapastheyseekoutricebeds.Oncetheylocateabedtheymeasuredensitybyusingametertrisectcountingthenumberofstemsandtillerswithinthetrisect.Theyalsocheckforheightpullingoneplantfromeachbedtomeasure.Notesarealsomadeonthenatureoftheecosystemwherethericeisgrowingincludingthetypeofvegetationintheareaandgeneralappearanceofthemanoomin.FeleciahasrecordedsomeoftheinformationinOjibwemowinagoodwaytokeepupthepracticewiththelanguagewhiledoingthejob.Bothinternshaveenjoyedthesummeronthelakes.TheirseasonbeganJune20andwillextenduntilAugust29th.ThenitsbacktothebooksforDevonbutFeleciaishopingtolandapositioninMinneapolisSofarthemanoominseemstobedoingwelltheyreportHannaFiorio.PhotobyMikePlucinskiDaltonLebeda.PhotobyMikePlucinskishewitnessedanawesomelakesturgeonbreechingintheriverBadRiversFreeWillyHannahopestoapplydatafromthesiscowetandlaketroutassessmenttohercapstoneprojectincollege.DaltonLebedawillbeajunioratNorthlandCollegeandisalsomajor-inginnaturalresourcesfisheriesandwildlifemanagement.HailingfromPaloIowaDaltonwasattractedtotheprogramatNorthlandaswellasthearea.HewasreferredtotheGLIFWCinternshipbyacollegeprofessor.WhileappreciatingthevarietyofexperiencesthesummerbroughthimDaltonespe-ciallylikedworkingwithnamaveryneatfishandleastlikedthemonotonyofagingotoliths.OncehecompleteshisbachelorofsciencedegreeatNorthlandhewillbepursuingemploymentinfisheriesaswellasanopportunitytoearnamastersdegreeatsomepoint.ClintSoulierisasenioratUW-StevensPointinfisheriesmanagementduetograduateinDecember2013.WithfouryearsofsummerinternworkwiththeMoleLakeTribalNaturalResourcesDepartmenthisinterestinworkingonLakeSuperiorspurredhimtoapplywithGLIFWC.Theinternshiphasgivenhimamuchdeeperunderstand-ingoftheLakeSuperiorfishcommunityanditsmanagementaswellasofGLIFWCsroleinprotectingthenaturalresources.HeespeciallylikedthegillnetassessmentworkandjustbeingonLakeSuperior.WhileintheareahealsohadtheopportunitytovisitMadelineIslandtheplacewherehisgreatgrandfa-therwasborn.Beingthereandimaginingthecommunity200yearsagowasawesomeanditalsomadehimappreciatehowmuchoftheculturehasbeenretained.FollowinggraduationClintwillbelookingforajobinfisher-iesinlandoronGichigamibutalsohopestopursuegraduatestudiesinfisheriesmanagement.Ultimatelyhisgoalistoworkfortribes.ClintSoulier.PhotobyBenMichaelsPlyingthewatersofcededterritorylakesGLIFWCsmanoomininternssurveymanoominbedsrecordingdataonabundanceandthestatusofthewildrice.InthebowofthecanoeisFeleciaBresettefromRedCliffgranddaughterofGLIFWCsrstPublicInformationOfcerandfounderofMazinaiganWalterBresette.PaddlingisDevonBrock-MontgomeryaNorthlandCollegesophomore.PhotobyMicahCainBySueEricksonStaffWriterChi-miigwechabigthankyoutoallinternsforyourhelpthroughoutthesummer MAZINAIGANPAGE18FALL2013ENFORCEMENTOntonagonMich.BesafeonthewaterwasonemessageofthedayonTuesdayMay28whenGLIFWCConservationWardensStevenAmslerandTomKroeplintookpartinCamp911inOntonagonMichigan.Camp911wasorganizedandsponsoredbytheOntonagonSheriffsDepartment.SheriffDaleRantalainvitedGLIFWCwardenstospeakto5thgradersfromOntonagonandEwen-TroutCreekschoolsaboutmarinesafetyandGLIFWClawenforcementsnewestpieceofrescueequipmenttheairboat.Fortystudentsaccompaniedbyteachersandstudentchaperonespartici-pated.WardensAmslerandKroeplinspokewithstudentsabouttheimportanceofwearinglifejacketswhileboatingandrecreatingonfrozenandopenbodiesofwaterdifferenttypesoflifejacketsandhowtheGLIFWCairboatisbeingin-corporatedintotheGLIFWCEnforcementDivisionsrescueequipment.Studentshadtheopportunitytoseetheairboatitsmultiplefeaturesandaskquestions.OtherorganizationsthatgavetalksinstructionanddemonstrationswereOntonagonFireDepartmentUpperPeninsulaPowerCompanyMichiganStatePoliceGreenlandFireDepartmentandSONCOAmbulance.2013GLIFWCenforcementyouthactivitieseducationForupdatedinformationontheseeventsandotherspleasebesuretocheckourwebsiteatwww.glifwc.orgorvisitusonFacebook.ClipSaveClassDatePlaceContactHunterEducationAug.1824-25MoleLakeRogerMcGeshick715.889.3200AdamMcGeshick715.209.7217TakeakidfishingAug.19MilleLacsRobinArunagiri715.889.0734HunterSafetyAug.17-18LacCourteOreillesMikePopovich715.292.7535LaurenTuori715.292.8343HunterSafetyAug.24-25St.CroixBradKacizak715.562.0030HunterSafetyAug.2730-31RedCliffMikeSoulier715.209.0093JimStone715.292.3234HunterSafetySeptember6-7MilleLacsRobinArunagiri715.889.0734HunterSafetySept.12-15KeweenawBayStevenAmsler715.562.0034MattKniskern715.292.5320HunterSafetySept.24-28BadRiverVernStone715.292.8862TrapperEd.October19-20MoleLakeRogerMcGeshick715.889.3200AdamMcGeshick715.209.7217ATVSafetyOctober25-26MilleLacsRobinArunagiri715.889.0734ATVSnowmobileDecember7-8St.CroixBradKacizak715.562.0030SnowmobileDec.19-20MilleLacsRobinArunagiri715.889.0734Wardensparticipatein911campForestsafetyadvisoryCededterritoryforestscontainabountyofhuntingandwildplantgath-eringopportunitieseverywaatebagaa-giizizSeptembersleaveschangingcolormoon.Inrecentyearsitsalsobecometimeforlarge-scalemarijuanagrowerstoreaptheillegalcroptheyvetendedallsummer.Ifyouencounterasitecontainingisolatedtentslargeamountsofgarbageirrigationtubingandoranareaclearedforcultivationleavequicklyandquietly.Identifylandmarksifpossibleandcontactauthorities.TheGLIFWCEnforcementDivisionispartofaninteragencyforcethathaseradicatedahandfulofmarijuanagrowsitesonNationalForestlandoverthepastthreeyears.FormoreinformationortoreportsuspiciousactivitycallGLIFWCEnforcement715.682.6619.CharlieOttoRasmussenTheWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourceswardenclassof2012visitedGLIFWCOdanahofcesinJunetobetterunderstandtreatyrightsandthesharedresourcesinthecededterritory.ThestateofcersspenttimewithGLIFWCbiologistslegalexpertsandotherCommissionstaff.CORGLIFWCassistsindrugraidTargetssyntheticmarijuanaprescriptiondrugsGLIFWCEnforcementofficerswereamongabout40countyandtribalof-ficerswhoassistedtheLacduFlambeauTribalPoliceDepartmentcarryoutadrugraidontheLacduFlambeaureservationonJune26.InanoperationentitledOperationPandoratheofficersservedsevensearchwarrantsandinvestigatedresidentialsitesduringanearlymorningsweep.Theresultwas25arrestsrelatedtothetraffickingofsyntheticandprescriptiondrugs.ThedistrictattorneyhaschargedthosearrestedandtheircaseswillbeheardinstatecourtaccordingtoLdFPoliceChiefBobBrandenburg.AssistancealsocamefromRedCliffHo-ChunkLacCourteOreillesOneidaandBadRiverTribalPoliceaswellastheNativeAmericanDrugandGangInitia-tiveandtheVilasOneidaandPriceCountiesSheriffsDepartments.TheLdFTribedeclaredastateofemergencyinAprildeterminedtoridthereservationofdrugdealersandusersaccordingtoChairmanTomMaulsonwhoishopefulthisactionsentapowerfulmessagethatthetribewillnottoleratedrugabuseontheirlands.WehavemadeadentbuthaveawaystogoBrandenburgstatesbutwehavehadalotofpositivefeedbackfromthecommunity.OperationPandoracontinuesasamulti-agencyeffort.SueEricksonWDNRrecruitsvisitGLIFWCWatchforinformationonwintercampIshpaagoonikaaDeepSnowCampfocusesontraditionalwinterandsurvivalskills.Indigenousknowledgecombinedwithscienceandfuninthesnowmakethecampauniqueandvaluableexperience.SponsoredbyGLIFWCdetailsonIshpaagoonikaa2014willbepostedontheGLIFWCwebsiteatwww.glifwc.org. PAGE19MAZINAIGANFALL2013PARTNERSFEEEXEMPTCAMPINGFeeexemptcampingonNationalForestcampgroundswhileexercisingtreatyrightsThroughanagreementbetweenparticipatingGLIFWCmemberbandsBadRiverBayMillsKeweenawBayLacduFlambeauLacVieuxDesertMilleLacsRedCliffandSokaogonMoleLakeandtheEasternRegionoftheU.S.ForestServicemembersoftheparticipatingBandsexercisingtheirtreatyrightsmaycampforfreeandwithoutlengthofstayrestrictionsformostcampgroundsintheChequamegon-NicoletOttawaHiawathaandHuron-ManisteeNationalForests.Somefee-exemptcampgroundsespeciallythosethatarebusystillmaintaina14-daylengthofstayrestrictionbetweenJune15andAugust15.Thisprovisionisperiodicallyreviewedtoensurethattheserestrictionsarenotinterferingwiththeexerciseoftreatyrights.Thereisgenerallynolimitonthenumberofcampingpermitsapersonmayobtain.ForfreecampingonNationalForestCampgroundsyoumust1.BeamemberofaBandthathasratifiedtheTribalUSFSCampgroundAgreement.2.ObtainatribalcampingpermitthroughyourtribalregistrationstationorGLIFWC.YourregistrationstationorGLIFWCwillusetheonlinepermittingsystemNAGFA.Youwillbeissuedapermitsimilartopreviousyears-Thepermitwillincludeapermitnumberthatyouwillusetofilloutthefeeenvelope.3.Followthecampingregistrationproceduresatthecampground.Gen-erallythisinvolvesprovidinginformationrequestedonaregistrationformorenvelope.Seeillustrationonhowtofilloutthefeeenvelopeatthecampsite.4.Followallcampgroundrulesandregulationsfoundinthetribalrules.ReminderFeeexemptcampingisforNationalForestcampgroundsonlyDrumgroupTomahawkCircleplayedduringthe21stPartnersinFishinggatheringJune5and6atLacduFlambeau.Theinformalhook-and-lineeventbringstogethertribalstateandfederalrepresentativesthatconductjointwalleyesheriesassessmentsintheWisconsincededterritory.ActiveandretiredGreenBayPackerplayershaveparticipatedinthe2-dayeventsince1998.InsetGeneHatzenbelerWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourcessheriesbiologistwithaFlambeauChaincrappieoneofmanyhelandedwithasmalljig.Hatzenbergerhelpsadministeranglercreelsurveysinthecededterritory.PhotosbyCharlieOttoRasmussenLdFhosts21stPartnersinFishingappeartofeedprimarilyontheBWAlifestagesthathavelittletodowithBWAreproductioninNorthAmericaandsohaveprovenineffective.IftheBWAgetsestablishedherebalsamfirwillbecomelessandlesscom-mon.Thebenefitstotheenvironmentfrombalsamfirsuchasshadeforstreamsandthermalcoverfordeergrouseandotheranimalsinwinterwillbegreatlyreduced.TheBWAwillalsomeantheeventualendofbalsamboughgathering.Christmastreegrowerswillfacetheaddedexpenseofpesticidetreatmentstokeeptheirtreesreasonablyhealthyuntilharvest.TheBWAisonepestwedonotwanttoseeinthenorthwoods.ThebestwaytokeeptheBWAoutistonotshipfirseedlingsnurserytreesorlogsfrominfestedpartsofthecountry.AnotheristoreportanythingonbalsamfirorhemlockforthatmatterthatlooksliketheBWA.Thethirdthingwecandoisavoidmovingfirewood.Buyorharvestwoodlocallywithin25milesorlesswheneverpossible.Haulingwoodlongdistancestothenextcampgroundorpowwowmaysavealittlemoneyintheshorttermbutcouldhavedevastatingconsequencesdowntheroad.DontletyourmistakebecomeaproblemforgenerationstocomeValuedbalsamboughsmaybeunderthreatContinuedfrompage14Balsamboughsprovidewelcomeincomeinthefall.Thebalsamwoollyadelgidcoulddevastatebalsamrstandsandgreatlydiminishorendthisfalltradition.PhotobyCharlieOttoRasmussenAnnualwaterlevelsonGichigamiareona15-yearskidaffectingeverythingfromfishdistributiontoplantcommunitiestorecreationalaccess.Inparched2007BadRiverofficialsclosedthemanoominseasonforthefirsttimeinmemoryseeminglyaonce-in-a-lifetimeevent.Ithappenedagainfiveyearslater.BadRiverNRDWaterResourcesSpecialistNaomiTillisonpointstoanalysispublishedbyKakagonresearcherJimMeekeraNorthlandCollegeProfessorfromnearbyAshland.Inanutshellmanoomindoesbestafternaturaldisturbanceslikedramaticfloodingorhigh-waterseasonsdrownsoutothervegetation.SaidMeekerfloodingeventsalthoughdamagingtowildriceinagivenseasonacttosetbackperennialcompetitionandofferamoreopenhabitatforwildricere-colonizationduringthesubsequentdrawdownyears.WhileairboatmowingintheSloughshelpsmimicsomeofthebenefitsofhigh-waterwildriceandalonglistofnaturalresourceswouldbenefitbyareturntoanormalLakeSuperiorwaterlevelcycle.TribalwatersinfluxContinuedfrompage13Arrowheadandpickerelweeddominatesomeofthe25-acresmowedbyFondduLacsairboatsinBadRiversKakagonSloughs.Bothnativeandnon-nativespeciesarecompetingwithmanoomin.WhilethenativecompetitorshavealwaysbeeninWisconsinthenon-nativeshavebeenintroducedtotheareaandthreatenournativespecies.Fourcommonnativecompetitorsarepickerelweedbur-weedarrowheadandwhiteandyellowwaterlilies.PhotobyCharlieOttoRasmussenInsetarrowheadphotobyGLIFWC MAZINAIGANPAGE20FALL2013FISHINGDERBYEDUCATIONALMATERIALSKBICkidsfshingderbyreelsinrecordnumbersWarnerrecognizedChildrenoftheSeventhFireAnancientprophecyformoderntimesUsingoraltraditionsfromtheindigenouspeopleofeasternNorthAmericaauthorLisaA.HarthaswoventheAnishinabeProphecyoftheSeventhFireintoachildrensstorytitledChildrenoftheSeventhFireAnAncientStoryforModernTimes.ChildrenreadingthestorylearnabouteachofthesevenpropheciesorfiresasNativeandnon-NativechildreninthestorylistentoanOjibweeldersretellingofthisancientwisdom.ThischildrensbookexplainstheProphecyoftheSeventhFiretothechildrenastheyvisitaNativeAmericanreservation.KinooanOjibweelderteachesthatwearelivinginthetimeoftheseventhfireandinordertomoveintothetimeoftheeighthandfinalfireweneedtoliveinbalanceandharmonyinaworldwhereEarthandallbeingsaretreatedwithrespect.Universalthemescanbefoundthroughout.Childreninthestorylearnwaystoliveanenvironmentallyfriendlylifestylethroughrecyclingenergycreationorganicgardeningandlegislativeinvolvement.Theselessonsmakeenvironmentalawarenessandactionaccessibleforchildrenofallagesreadingthestory.Theywillalsolearnabouttheimportanceoflivinginpeaceloveandrespectingindigenousperspectivesandlifeways.ChildrenoftheSeventhFireis40pagessoftcoverandhas35full-colorillustrationsbyJoeLiles.ForwardbyEdwardBenton-Banai.Thisbookisavailableforpurchasethroughwww.childrenoftheseventhfire.comoryourlocalbookstore.ISBN1-935778-17-X.TheTeachersActivityandSkillsGuidebookhasbeendevelopedtobeusedalongwithChildrenoftheSeventhFireineducationalsettingsforgrades3-6ages8-12.Theguidebookusesthehumanitiestoteachenvironmentaledu-cationsocialstudiesandNorthAmericanIndianStudiesbaseduponatraditionalAnishinabeteaching.Educatorswillfindthoughtprovokingdiscussionsandwritingpromptsthataddressimportantissuesinthesetimesofsocialeconomicandenvironmentalchange.Theexerciseswillchallengestudentstobecreativesolution-orientedcooperativeandtothinkwithboththeirheadsandtheirhearts.Theguidebookisalsosoftcoverhas36pagesandisavailableatwww.childrenoftheseventhfire.com.Thetimetoempowerourchildrenwithindigenouswisdomisnow.GabrielHornA.K.A.WhiteDeerofAutumnBaragaMich.Afirst-everfish.Athousandsmiles.Recordattendance.ThenumbersframeanexceptionaldayoflearningandfunatKeweenawBayIndianCommunitysKBIC11thKidsFishingDerby.YoungpeoplefromasfarawayasNovaScotiahelpedeclipsetheprevioushighmarkof370reaching425registeredkidsonJune29atOjibwaCampground.WehaveanamazingdiversityofkidsattendingsaidGeneMenscheventorganizerandKBICbiologist.Familiescontactedusinadvancesotheycouldscheduletheirvacationsaroundthisevent.Fromthefive-acreDerbyPondkidslandedbluegilllargemouthbassbull-headandrockbassforavarietyofprizes.Nearbystationsmannedbyvolunteersfeaturedfishing-relatedgamesandactivitieslikeminnowracing.AhandfulofGLIFWCstafftookpartinthefestivitiesincludingconservationofficerswhotaughtcanoeingfundamentalsinthechillywatersofLakeSuperiorsKeweenawBay.ManypeoplehadneverbeeninacanoebeforesaidGLIFWCOfficerHeatherNaigus.Justgoingovercanoeingsafetyandintroducingsomebasicstrokesprovidedagoodexperienceonthewaterforkidsandtheirfamilymembers.DerbygoerslookingforamoreleisurelyexperienceonthewaterhoppedahaywagontonearbyBucksMarinawhereKBICOfficerTimTilsonofferedtoursofthebayaboardatribalpatrolboat.CloudsandlightrainearlyongavewaytosunnyskiesandeasywavesonthebaythatformsthecenterpieceofKBICsLAnseReservation.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterUndertheanxiousgazeofKBICFishDerbyparticipantsBillMattesmeasuresapanshattheeventregistrationstation.MattesaGLIFWCsheriesbiologistandKBICNaturalResourcesTechnicianShawnSeppanenleftrecordeddatafromthe125shlandedbyyouthshers.PhotobyCORTerriDenomiecelebratesashergrandsonPeytonlandshisveryrstshattheKBICKidsFishingDerbyJune29.PhotobyCharlieOttoRasmussenUnsuccessfulDerbyPondanglersgotasecondcracktohookafishinaportabletankloadedwithheftytroutfromtheKBICFishHatchery.Thekidshadmixedsuccessassomeofthebrooktroutweremorecooperativethanothers.EveryyearwededicatesomeofoursurplusbroodstocktofishingeventssaidMenschwhosplitsfisheriesmanagementactivitybetweenhatcheryandfieldwork.MenschsaidtheGenoaNationalFishHatcherykicks-inadditionalfishtohelpmeetthegrowingdemandthatincludestheBaragaCountyFairthisyear.Since1997theKBICFishHatcheryhasstockedmorethan1.2milliontroutintolocalwaters.MillionsmorelaketroutwalleyeandasmallnumberoflargemouthbasshavebeenproducedatthefacilityinPequamingoverthepast20yearsimprovingthefisheryresourceoninlandlakesalongwithLakeSuperioranditstributaries.The2013eventwasdedicatedtothememoryofToddWarnerKBICNaturalResourcesDirectorwhowalkedonlastyear.AtthecloseoftheDerbyMembersofWarnersfamilyandKBICofficialspresentedthenewToddWarnerLegacyAwardtoUniversityofMichiganstudentSierraAyers.EstablishedbytheWarnerfamilythe500scholarshipisopentocollegefreshmanandsophomorespursuingadegreeinnaturalresourcesorarelatedenvironmentalfield. PAGE21MAZINAIGANFALL2013MININGMESOTHELIOMATEACHERINSTITUTETeachersstudyimpactofclimatechangeoncultureAshlandWis.DoculturalandscienceagreethatclimatechangeisaffectingtraditionalOjibwepracticessuchaswildricingNineteenteachersdiscoveredhowclimatechangeisimpactingtheLakeSuperiorregionandpeopleofallculturesattherecentfour-dayApostleIslandsNationalLakeshoresChangingClimateChangingCultureTeacherInstitute.TheInstitutewasheldattheNorthernGreatLakesVisitorCenterandtheGLIFWCwithfieldexperiencesintheApostleIslandsandneighboringtribalcommunities.ParticipatingteachersdiscoveredhowclimatechangeisaffectingculturaltraditionsoftheLakeSuperiorOjibwepeoplethroughNativeperspectives.BadRiverTribalChairmanMikeWigginskickedofftheInstitutewithcommentsonclimatechangeasoneoftheissuesthreateningthesustainabilityoftribalresources.WithassistancefromtheBadRiverNaturalResourcesDepartmentandtheGLIFWCtheteacherstouredtheKakagonSloughsandtribalforeststoinvestigatetheseimpacts.TheeducatorsalsolearnedhowtoapplytheclimateresearchfromtribalscientistsandsourcesliketheWisconsinInitiativeonClimateChangeImpacts.PresentationsbyPeterDavidGLIFWCwildlifebiologistDr.JohnMagnuson-professoremeritusfromtheUniversityofWisconsinandBobKrumenacker-superintendentoftheApostleIslandsNationalLakeshorereinforcedtheintegrationofscienceandculturetoevaluateclimatechange.Asaresultofthistrainingtheteacherscommittedtodevelopingserviceprojectswiththeirstudentstoaddressclimatechange.Teacherswillleadtheirstudentsonfieldtripstodeepentheirunderstandingofclimatechangeandtheirconnectiontothenationalparks.ProjectsandlessonplansdevelopedbytheInstituteparticipantswillbesharedthroughtheParksClimatewebsitewww.parksclimatechallenge.orgsoteacherseverywherecanusethelearningstrategies.TheApostleIslandsNationalLakeshoresChangingClimateChangingCul-tureTeacherInstitutewasbasedontheG-WOWclimatechangeliteracymodelNaomiTillisonwaterresourcespecialistwiththeBadRiverNaturalResourceDepartmentexplainsclimatechangetrendsandimpactsonwildriceduringatouroftheKakagonSloughs.PhotobyCathyTechtmannByCathyTechtmannForMazinaiganthatintegratesplace-basedevidenceofclimatechangewithscientificresearch.ItwasonlyoneofthreetrainingopportunitiesintheUnitedStatesfundedthroughtheNationalParkFoundation.ProjectpartnersincludetheGLIFWCApostleIslandsNationalLakeshoreUSForestServiceandUniversityofWisconsin-Extension.FormoreinformationabouttheApostleIslandsNationalLakeshoreChang-ingClimateChangingCultureTeacherInstituteandtheG-WOWclimatechangeinitiativevisithttpfyi.uwex.edunglvcclimate-change-institute.BySaraMosesGLIFWCEnvironmentalBiologistOdanahWis.TheUniversityofMinnesotarecentlyreleasedtheresultsofafiveyearstudylookingatmesothe-liomaafatalcanceroftheliningofthelungintaconiteworkersinMinnesotasIronRange.Mesotheliomaismostcom-monlycausedbybreathingasbestosorotherparticlessuchasthosewhichmaybefoundinthedustfromminingoperations.Previousstudiesestablishedthelinkbetweenworkingintheironminingindustryandanincreasedriskformeso-theliomafindingthattheseworkerswerethreetimemorelikelytobediagnosedwithmesotheliomathanMinnesotansnotworkingintheindustry.Thenewlyreleasedstudyfoundthatforeveryyearworkedinthetaconitein-dustrytheriskformesotheliomawentupbythreepercent.ResearchersalsofoundthatthecausesofdeathamongtaconiteworkerswerehigherthanexpectedformesotheliomalungcancerandheartdiseasewhencomparedtoMinnesotansasawhole.Althoughworkinginthetaconiteindustryincreasedtheriskofmesotheliomaresearchersnotedthattheriskissmallandthediseaseisstillveryrare.Onepositiveresultofthestudywasthattaconitedustdoesnotappeartoposeathreattothegeneralpublicinthere-gion.Thedustcontainingthedangerousparticlesappearstobelargelyconfinedtothetaconiteminesanddoesnotfilterintothesurroundingcommunities.SpousesoftaconiteindustryworkerswerenotatgreaterriskofcontractingmesotheliomathanthegeneralpublicinMinnesota.Researcherswerehesitanttocon-cludethatthemesotheliomawasdefi-nitelycausedbytheelongatedmineralparticlesorEMPsfoundinminingdust.Theyarecontinuingtoanalyzethedatatoruleoutanyexposurestoasbestostheseworkersmayhavehadoutsideoftheminingindustry.TheUniversityintendstoholdpublicmeetingsthroughouttheyearasmoreresultsfromthestudybecomeavailable.StudylinksironminingtofatalcancerinMinnesotasIronRangeMazinaigandigitalflipbookDoyoureceiveMazinaiganinthemailWouldyouratherreaditonlineYounowhavethisoption.Theonlineeditionisafull-colorflipbookthatcanbereadordownloadedtoaPDF.Flipbooksareenvironmentallyfriendlyandtheysavepostageandprintingcosts.IfyouchoosetheonlineeditionyouwillbenotifiedviaemailapproximatelyaweekbeforetheMazinaiganismailedthatitisavailableforviewing.TheemailwillcontainalinktoGLIFWCswebsitewhereyoucanviewtheflipbook.TosignuptoreceivetheMazinaiganeitherelectronicallyoramailedsubscriptiongotowww.glifwc.orgpublicationsmazinaiganMazinaigan.htmlandchooseeithernewsubscriptionorE-editionnotification.mooseherddeclinefromanestimated4230to2760animals.LongtimeMin-nesotamooseresearcherFondduLacWildlifeBiologistMikeSchragesaidadultmooseareclearlyhurtingfromanumberofhealthissues.SomeofitiscertainlybrainwormsomefromwinterticksandthereareotherpossiblediseasesandparasitesatworkthatwedontfullyunderstandyetsaidSchragewhoispartofacooperativeresearchteamincludingMinnesotaDepartmentofNaturalResources1854TreatyAuthorityanduniversityscientiststhathasstudiedtheregionsmooseherdsince2002.Newtechnologiesinusethisyearincludingsatellitecollarsmighthelpresearchersgettodeadanimalsmorequicklyandhelppinpointthecauseofmor-tality.Schragesaidsomeearlyresultsrevealdefinitivepredationonmoosecalvesfromwolvesandbearsplusadditionalwolfpredationonadults.Thenewcollarsfurtherrevealhealthissueswithadultbullsandcows.FromalltheresearchcompletedtodatehuntingisnotthecausedrivingthispopulationdownSchragesaid.Continuedfrompage2MooseresearchdetailsdownwardtrendContinuedfrompage1Nighthuntcaseinfederaldistrictcourtappropriateandtoprotectpublicsafety.TheseasonwouldbeginNovember1fol-lowingtheshowoffallcolorsandheavierrecreationaluseofthecededterritoryandwouldconcludeattheendofthefirstweekofJanuary.Baitorcalltechniquesarenotrequiredbutareallowed.AfterhearingargumentsfromboththetribesandthestateJudgeCrabbsetaschedulerequiringthepartiestosubmittheirpost-trialbriefsinAugustandSeptember.SixmembersofGLIFWCsstaffamongotherstestifiedinthecase.GLIFWCPolicyAnalystKekekJasonStarkassistedRoutelwiththecaseasdidelevenlawstudentsfromWilliamMitchellCollegeofLawSt.PaulMinnesota.ThestudentsareasfollowsBrieannaHobanKellyMcGintyNelsPaulsonVeronicaNewcomeEllenFrickBonnieClaxtonNicholasLeversenPeterRademacherMelissaLorentzJamesRyanandJohnDonovan.MiigwechtothewholeteamMoosevehiclecollisionsinUpperMichiganYearmoosekilledofvehiclestrikes2008442009772010882011131420121316MichiganDNRdata. MAZINAIGANPAGE22FALL2013KIDSPAGERicingCampBySueEricksonStaffWriterItistimetogoricing.WecallitmanoomikeinOjibwe.Inlatesum-merorearlyfallthemanoominwildriceisreadyandweallhopeforagoodharvest.Harvestingandprocessingmanoominishardwork.Therearemanystepstogettothefinishedricethatwelovetoeat.Butthefirstthingwedoisputdownourasemaatobaccoinrespecttothericebeforewestartthework.Knockingricegentlyoffthestalksintothebottomofyourjiimaanca-noewithbawagiganaakriceknockersisonlythefirststep.Onepersonknocksthericewhileanotherpersonstandsinbackofthecanoeandpolesthejiimaanthroughthericebedsusingagaandakiiiganaaklongforkedpole.Nextthericehastodry.Todryricewespreaditonalargetarpinthesunturningiteveryonceandwhilesoitdriesonallsides.Iftotallydrieditcanbebaggedandstoredasunfinishedrice.Tofinishityounextmustparchitinalargeakikkettleoveraslowishkodefire.Parchingtakespatienceasthericemustbestirredallthewhileoritmayburn.Youcansmellthenuttyaromaoftheparchingriceanditsmellsgood.Parchingmakestheouterhullofthericeverydryandbrittlesoitwillcrackeasily.Nextthebrittlericeisjiggedordancedupon.Someoneputsonspecialmakizinanmoccasinsandlightlydancesonthericesplittingthebrittlehusks.RicingcampwordsMatchthewordsfromthewordbanktothenumbersonthepicture.WritethewordinOjibwemowinOjibwelanguageandthenthewordinEnglish.Colorthepicturewhenyouarefinished.OjibwemowinEnglishq____________________________q____________________________w____________________________w____________________________e____________________________e____________________________r____________________________r____________________________t____________________________t____________________________y____________________________y____________________________u____________________________u____________________________i____________________________i____________________________o____________________________o____________________________a____________________________a____________________________s____________________________s____________________________d____________________________d____________________________WordBankWinnowingtraynooshkaachinaaganFireishkodeLakezaagaiganDuckszhiishiibagTreemitigWildRicemanoominKettleakikRicingknockersbawagiganaakParchgidasigeCanoejiimaanPushpolegaandakiiiganaakThericeisdryingbaatemanoominAfterthatthemanoominiswinnowedtossedlightlyintotheairfromalargenooshkaachinaaganwinnowingtray.Thewindblowsthebrittlehusksawayleavingthefinishedricekernel.Thenthericemustbepickedcleanofanyhusksremaining.FinallyitistimetoeatthemanoominenjoythishealthyfoodandshareourgoodharvestatfeasttimesDrawingbyCheyenneWhiteandWesleyBallinger.qwertyuioasd PAGE23MAZINAIGANFALL2013HEALINGCIRCLESANDYLAKE2013HealingCircleRundrawsrecordnumberofyouthIncludesPenokeeHillsinthehealingcircleGLIFWCwashonoredtohavemembersoftheelderadvisorycommitteeandcontributorsforthelanguageprogramattendtheBoardofCommissionersmeetingatBlackBearCasinoResortandtheSandyLakefeastandceremony.TheywererecognizedfortheirmanycontributionstowardsthecompletionofanewOjibwemowinbookDibaajimowinanAnishinaabeStoriesofCultureandRespect.BackrowfromtheleftJimSt.ArnoldWesleyBallingerVeronicaSmithBarbaraNolanMaryMooseLeonardMooseJPMontanoFredAckleyDanaJacksonLarrySmallwoodRobertVanZileLeonValliereJasonMaloneyLeviTadgersonandMarkVanZile.FrontRowLeoraLancasterAprilLindalaMichelleDeFoeFrancesVanZileDianeDeFoeGenevieveGoslinDougSamandBennyRogers.PhotobyJenniferBurnettBeforesettingoutontheHealingCircleRunparticipantsandsupporterssharedamorningtalkingcircleandceremonyatPipestoneFallsdeepintheLacCourteOreillesLCOReservationonJuly13.HanddrumsingerandveteranGaryQuardererofLCOlowerrightparticipatedintheceremonyhelpingrunnersandwalkersstartinagoodway.TheannualeventwhichcentersonphysicalandspiritualhealingbeganandendedatLCOJuly13-19.PhotobyCharlieOttoRasmussenInaleft-handpowerposeHealingCirclerunnerswalkersandsupportersstandreadytobegin.Some330participantsmostlyyoungpeoplejoinedacoregroupofrunnersthatcarriedspiritstaffstoallsixWisconsinOjibwereservationsplusLacVieuxDesertinMichiganandFondduLacMinnesota.TheruntookadetouratHurleyWis.toconnectwiththeLacCourteOreillesharvestcampsetupadjacenttotheproposedtaconiteoreminingsiteinthePenokeeHills.PhotobyCharlieOttoRasmussenGLIFWCreturnstositeofSandyLakeTragedyElderadvisorsonlanguageprojecthonoredBarbaraNolanrstspeakerfromGardenRiverOntariospokeonlyinAnishinaabemowinassheexpressedhergratitudeandrespectfortheceremonyandstoryoftheSandyLakeTragedywithGLIFWCboardmembersinattendance.NolanwasoneoftheelderswhocontributedtoGLIFWCsGidaadizookaaninaaniglanguageprojectwhichproducedthebilingualbookDibaajimowinanAnishinaabeStoriesofCultureRespect.PhotobyJenniferBurnettGLIFWChosteditsannualMikwendaagoziwagTheyareRememberedCere-monyatthesiteoftheSandyLakeTragedynowknownastheArmyCorpsofEngineersACoERecreationalSiteonJuly31st.ThedayopenedwithapaddleacrossSandyLaketothesitepriortoafeastandceremonynexttotheMikwendaagoziwagmemorialmonument.AllisdoneinremembranceofthoseOjibweancestorsin1850whosufferedandperishedatthesiteorontheirwayhomehavingbeenforcedtotravelfartoSandyLakefortheirpromisedannuitypayments.AbovepaddlerslandattheSandyLakesiteledbyMicIshamandTomCrumpACoE.PhotobyJenniferBurnett SusanErickson..............................EditorLynnPlucinski..............................AssistantEditorCharlieOttoRasmussen................WriterPhotographerMAZINAIGANTalkingPaperisapublicationoftheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionwhichrepresentselevenOjibwetribesinMichiganMinnesotaandWisconsin.SubscriptionstothepaperarefreetoUnitedStatesandCanadianresidents.Subscribeonlineatwww.glifwc.orgwriteMAZINAIGANP.O.Box9OdanahWI54861phone715682-6619ore-maillynnglifwc.org.Ifyouhavemovedorareplanningtomovepleasekeepusinformedsowecankeepourmailinglistcurrent.Ifyouplantobeawayforanextendedperiodoftimepleaseletusknowsowecansuspendyoursubscriptionuntilyoureturn.AlthoughMAZINAIGANenjoyshearingfromitsreadershipthereisnoLetterstotheEditorsectioninthepaperandopinionstobepublishedinthepaperarenotsolicited.Queriesastopotentialarticlesrelatingtooff-reservationtreatyrightsandorresourcemanagementorOjibweculturalinformationcanbedirectedtotheeditorattheaddressgivenabove.FormoreinformationseeGLIFWCswebsitewww.glifwc.organdourFacebookpage.MAZINAIGANSTAFFPronouncedMuhzinahigunNONPROFITORGPOSTAGEPAIDPERMIT203EAUCLAIREWIPrintedbyEAUCLAIREPRESSCOMPANYEAUCLAIREWI54701RETURNADDRESSGLIFWCP.O.BOX9ODANAHWI54861OjibweCededTerritoriesandMemberTribesofGLIFWCTreatyCededAreas1836183718421854CHANGESERVICEREQUESTEDDagwaagin2013