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PAGE11MAZINAIGANFALL2014GLRICLIMATECHANGEByJenVanatorGLIFWCGreatLakesProgramCoordinatorSecondGLRIplanlooksat4-yearfundingprioritiesOdanahWis.TheGreatLakesRestorationInitiativeGLRIwasoriginallylaunchedin2010toprovideaninfluxoffundingtoaccelerateeffortstoprotectandrestoretheGreatLakes.GLRIfund-ingdecisionsweredirectedbytheGLRIActionPlanwhichcoveredfiscalyears2010-2014.Nowwithsomefine-tuningfederalofficialsarepreparingforasecondround.TheUnitedStatesEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyEPAreleasedadraftoftheGLRIActionPlanIIPlanIIonMay30whichwilldirectfundingdecisionsunderGLRIforfiscalyears2015-2019.PlanIIwillwhenfinaldirectfundingdecisionsinmuchthesamewayastheinitialActionPlanunliketheoriginalplanhoweverPlanIIdoesnotaddressnewsourcesoftoxicsoutsideofAreasofConcern.PlanIIincorporatesascience-basedadaptivemanagementframe-workthatwillprioritizetheissuestobetargetedwithGLRIresourcesandtoassesstheeffectivenessofGLRIprojects.TobeadaptiveSpecificMeasuresofProgressareincludedinPlanIItotrackandassessallactionsimplementedwithGLRIfunding.FivefocusareasarefeaturedinthenewproposalcleaningupAreasofConcernpreventingandcontrollinginvasivespeciesreducingnutrientrunoffthatcontributestoharmfulornuisancealgalbloomsandrestoringhabitattoprotectnativespeciesandscience-basedadaptivemanagement.Eachoneofthesefocusareasincludesfederalfundingcommitmentsforspecificactivities.UnderPlanIIfundingcontinuesforcleaningupAreasofConcernspecificallytargetingremediationrestorationanddelistingAreasofConcernaswellasincreasingknowledgeaboutcontaminantsinGreatLakesfishandwildlife.UnderthisfocusareathefederalgovernmentcommitstofundingactivitiesthatwillimplementmanagementactionsnecessarytoremoveBeneficialUseImpairmentsandtodelistAreasofConcernreducehumanexpo-suretocontaminantsfromGreatLakesfishconsumptionandidentifyemergingcontaminantsandassesstheirimpactsonGreatLakesfishandwildlife.Tohelpreign-ininvasivespeciesprojectfundingaimstopreventnewinfesta-tionsandtohelpcontrolalready-existinginvasivespecies.UnderthisfocusareaPlanIIcommitstofundingactivitiesthatwillblockpathwaysthroughwhichaquaticinvasivespeciescanbeintroducedtotheGreatLakesecosystemconductearlydetectionandmonitoringactivitiesandrapidresponseactionsorexercises.PlanIIalsocommitstofundingactivitiesthatdevelopandenhancetechnologiesandmethodstopreventtheintroductionandcontrolofinvasivespecies.Italsodevelopsandenhancesinvasivespeciesspecificcollaborativestosupportrapidresponsesandcommunicatethelatestcontrolandmanagementtechniques.Toreducenutrientloadingfederalauthoritieslooktofundactivitiesthatimplementagriculturalorothernutrient-reductionpracticesinGLRI-targetedwatershedswhichwillreduceuntreatedrunofffromurbanwatershedsbyimple-mentingwatershedmanagementpracticesinurbanareasthathaveadoptedawater-shedstrategy.ToprotectrestoreandenhancenativehabitatsPlanIIcommitstofundingactivitiesthatwillremoveorbypassbarriersonGreatLakestributariestofacilitatefishpassageprotectrestoreandenhanceGreatLakescoastalwetlandsandprotectrestoreandenhanceGLRI-targetedhabitatsintheGreatLakesbasin.ThenextphaseoftheGLRIalsokeepsaneyetospecificclimatechangeresiliencycriteriawhichwasdevelopedandincorporatedintoprojectselectionprocesses.PlanIIalsoencouragesactivitiesdesignedtoeducatechildrenabouttheGreatLakesecosystembyfundingactivitiesthatpromoteGreatLakes-basedenvironmentaleducationandstewardshipwithafocusoneducatortraining.WhilePlanIIdoesnothaveaformalpubliccommentperiodtheEPAisacceptingpubliccommentonthenewdraftActionPlanwhileitisbeingedited.GreatLakesIndianFishandWildlifeCommissionstaffsubmittedcommentsthatrecommendedthattheGLRIActionPlanIIalignbetterwithpriorityactivi-tiesdevelopedundertheGreatLakesWaterQualityAgreementandthroughtheLakewideManagementPlanningprocess.ThedraftActionPlancanbefoundandcommentssubmittedontheEPAsGLRIPublicEngagementwebsiteathttpgreatlakesrestoration.uspublic.html.ByAshleyDuffyGLIFWCInternFedsactontriballeadersrecommendationsWashingtonDCAspartoftheClimateActionPlanunveiledlastyearPresidentObamaestablishedtheStateLocalandTribalLeadersTaskForceonClimatePreparednessResilienceinNovember2013.TheTaskForcewaschargedwithprovidingthePresidentwithrecommendationsonhowthefederalgovernmentcanassisttriballocalandstategovernmentsinprepar-ingforandrecoveringfromtheeffectsofclimatechangesuchasincreasedsevereweatherevents.TheTaskForceismadeupofgovernorsmayorsandtriballeadersincludingKarenDiverChairwomanoftheFondduLacBandofLakeSuperiorChippewaMinnesotaandReggieJouleMayoroftheNorth-westArticBoroughAlaska.FromJanuary2014untilMay2014TaskForcemembersgatheredinfor-mationtodeveloprecommendations.DuringthattimeChairwomanDiverandMayorJouleundertookextensiveoutreachtoIndianCountrytogatherasmuchinformationaspossiblefromtribalcommunitiesaboutthebarrierstoaccessingfederalprogramsandsugges-tionsonhowthefederalgovernmentcanbestassisttribalcommunitiespreparefortheeffectsofclimatechange.TaskForcemembersworkedwiththeCoun-cilonEnvironmentalQualityCEQtodevelopthisinformationintousefulrecommendationsthatcanbepresentedtotheWhiteHouse.OnJuly16theTaskForcemetforafinalin-personmeetinginWashingtonD.C.todiscusstherecommendationsthathavebeenidentifiedasprioritiesbymembersoftheTaskForce.IntheafternoonPresidentObamametwiththeTaskForceandusedthatopportunitytopubliclyannounceasetofactionsbasedonearlyrecommendationsprovidedbytheTaskForce.IncludedintheseearlyactionsisanewprogrambytheBureauofIndianAffairstodevelopaFederal-TribalClimateResiliencePartnershipandTechnicalAssistanceProgramthatwillhelptribesprepareforclimatechangebydevelopinganddeliveringadapta-tionplanning.TheannouncementalsoincludesfiveClimateExtensionSupportLiaisonstotheDepartmentofInteriorsClimateScienceCenterstoworkwithtribesattheregionallevelidentifyingbasicinformationandscienceneedsandtoworkwithotherfederalagenciestoaddressthoseneeds.TheseactionscamedirectlyfromrecommendationsprovidedbyChairwomanDiverandMayorJoulethroughtheiroutreachtoIndianCountry.TheTaskForcememberswiththehelpofCEQareplanningtocompileafulldraftreportsometimeinAugust2014whichtheTaskForcememberswillreview.LaterinSeptembertheWhiteHouseandvariousagencieswillbeconsultedonthefinaldraftoftheClimatePreparednessResilienceReportwhichwillthenbesubmittedtothePresidentandreleasedpubliclybylateSeptember.EssentialOjibwemowingichigamiLakeSuperiorgiigoonhfishadikamiglakewhitefishgidagaaginoozhinorthernpikechinamekoslaketroutLocationswithintheGreatLakesidentiedashavingexperiencedhighlevelsofenvironmentalharm.Reprintedfromhttpwww.ec.gc.caraps-pas