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MAZINAIGANPAGE4FALL2014OdanahWis.Ahumblegatheringconsistingof25peopleasmallfeastofberriesandafewlocalsingerswelcomedmigizibaldeaglehomeafterspendingmonthsinarehabilitationcenter.ThismalenamedMashkawiziwasoriginallybandedinCornucopiaWisconsinasachickin1996whichwouldmakehimapproximately18yearsold.ThebirdwasstruckbyavehicleandsurvivedonthegroundfortwoweeksbeforehewasfoundbytheBadRiverNaturalResourcesDepartment.ItwasdeemedthatMashkawiziwouldnotflyagain.HoweverafterspendingrehabtimeatWildInstinctsWildlifeRehabilita-tionCenterinRhinelanderWisconsinMashkawizimadenoticeableprogress.OnThursdayJuly24thpositivethoughtsandpowerfulsongsweresungforthemigiziashetookflightandlandedinanearbytree.WildlifespecialistswillkeepclosewatchonMashkawizitomakesurehecannotonlysurvivebutthriveonceagain.DylanJenningsMashkawizireturnshomeRehabilitatedeaglereleasedWILDLIFEFondduLacBandlauncheselkrestorationstudyCloquetMinn.Woodlandcari-bouaregonefromMinnesotaalongwithwildbison.Ofthelargefour-leggedserasedfromthewesterncededterritorylandscapeduringthesettlementeraonlyoneseemslikelytomakeacomebackomashkoozoogelk.ThehabitatappearstobethereandtriballeadersendorsetheideaofbringingbackelksaidMikeSchrageFondduLacBandwildlifebiologist.ElkareknownasomashkoozintheOjibwelanguage.Elkaretoughandadaptable.Iftheyhadntbeenshotout100yearsagotheywouldprobablybelivingacrossmostoftheforestsofMinnesotatoday.Statecountytribalandprivate-landforestsdominatetheregioninandaroundtheFondduLacChippewaReservation.Schragesaidactivetim-bermanagementisapriorityfortheselandownersresultinginthecontinu-ousavailabilityofyoungaspenwood-landshabitatpreferredbyelkaswellasothernativespeciesincludingdeerandruffedgrouse.Networksoffailedcentury-olddrainageditchescarveupthelandscapeareminderthatsettlerslostthebidtocultivatefarmsonthemostlylowflatground.Leftwithalargelyscatteredcollectionofhayfieldsservingsmalllivestockoperationsagriculturalconflictsposeaminimalthreat.MappingtheareaquantifyinghabitattypesgettingthenumbersdownwilltaketimesaidSchrage.Itsalong-termprocessyearsdowntheroadtopotentiallyseeanelkrelease.Rightnowweregoingthroughtheprocessofgaugingsupportfromthepublicandvariousgovernmentlandholdersalongwithassemblingmoredataonhabitatsuitability.OverthepastfewdecadesomashoozooghavereclaimedportionsoftheirformerrangeintheeasternUnitedStatesthroughtrap-and-transferprograms.Despitethecreepingeffectsofclimatechangerisingannualtempera-turesandnativehabitatdegradationelkarefairingquitewellinsouthernlocaleslikeVirginiaandKentucky.FondduLacChairwomanKarenDiversaidthatkindofresiliencyiscrucialasimportantresourceslikemoosedeclineandclimatechangeadvances.BringingelkbackwillhelprestoretraditionalbiodiversityandassistinfoodsecuritysaidDiverwhoalsoservesonPresidentObamasClimateAdvisoryTaskForce.Some250milesfromtheFondduLacReservationtwosmallelkherdssurviveinthenorthwestcornerofMin-nesota.OnegroupresultedprimarilyfromthenaturaldispersalofCanadianelktheotherfroma1930sefforttoestablishafree-rangepopulationusingamixofwildandgamefarmanimals.Neitherherdhasbeenparticularlyvalued.FarmercomplaintsofcropandfencedamagebytheroamingungulatesbrandednorthwesternelkaslittlemorethanpestsandunderdirectionfromtheMinnesotaLegislaturestatewildlifemanagershavesuppressedherdgrowth.SofarattitudesinOjibweCountryaremuchmoreinspired.AtFondduLacmosttribalmembersareexcitedaboutpossibilitiesSchragesaid.Poten-tialreleaseareasincludeforestsinthesouthern1854andnorthern1837cededterritoriesofMinnesota.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterMissingfromtheMinnesotacededterritoryformorethanacenturyelkmaybeonthetrailbackhome.PhotobyCharlieOttoRasmussenTribaldeerhunttofollowtribalrulesincludingharvestofantlerlessdeerOdanahWis.Tribaldeerhunt-ingwillproceedin2014justlikeitdidin2013.UnfortunatelytheSawyerCountyRecordpublishedanarticleonJune4entitledNoDoesAllowedin2014NorthernDeerHunt.Whatthisarticlefailedtomentionisthatthezeroquotasestablishedforallcountiesandreservationunitsinthenorthonlyappliestostate-licensedgunandbowhunters.Itdoesnotapplytotribalmembershuntingeitheronoroffthereservations.Therearenolimitsontheharvestofantlerlessdeerbytribalmembersduringthe2014huntingseason.SomemayaskWhyisthisWhydostate-licensedhuntershavetoforgoshootingantlerlessdeerwhiletribalhuntersarepermittedanunlim-itednumberTheanswerisrelativelysimple.Despitewhathasbeensaidinthemediastatehunterswillnotbeprohibitedfromshootingantlerlessdeer.Antlerlessdeerharvestwillbepermittedforyouthhunterswithnolimitsdis-abledhunterswithnolimitsmilitaryhunterswithnolimitspeoplewhosepropertyisenrolledintheDeerMan-agementAssistanceProgramprogramwithnolimitsandfinallyfarmersexperiencingagriculturaldamagewillbeabletoshootantlerlessdeerwithnolimits.Allofthisunlimitedantlerlessdeerharvestwillcontinuetotakeplacedespitezeroquotas.TheWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourcesDNRintheirpressreleasehascharacterizedthisantlerlessdeerharvestbyyouthetal.aslimited.Theysaythisdespitethefactthattherearenolimitsplacedontheseharvests.ButtheDNRmaycallthesehuntslimitedbecausefewpeoplearepar-ticipatingrelativetothenumberofdeerhuntersandtheywillharvestrelativelyfewantlerlessdeerduringthesehunts.SobecausefewpeoplewillparticipateandtheywillharvestfewdeertheDNRcallsthehuntslimited.Thissamelogicappliestotribalhunting.Onlyasmallnumberoftribalmembershuntdeercomparedtothe750000deerhuntersinWisconsin.Andtribaloff-reservationantlerlessdeerharvesthasbeenlessthan1000formanyyears.Sofewtribalhunterswillharvestasmallnumberofantlerlessdeerthusthetribalhuntcouldbecalledlimitedaswell.Thetribestakeseriouslytheirmanagementresponsibilitiesthatflowfromtheirtreatyreservedrightsandhavesteadfastlymaintainedtheirrespon-sibilitytomanagetheresourcesofthereservationandthecededterritoriesincludingwaawaaskeshideer.Advicetotribalhuntersfollowyourtribesrulesfordeerhuntingwhetheritisonoroffreservation.IfyouhavequestionsabouttherulesyoumaycontactyourtribesconservationdepartmentortheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionat715682-6619.ByJonGilbertPhDGLIFWCWildlifeBiologistAdamOjaaaBadRivertribalmemberjoinedtheGLIFWCcrewinlateMarchasthenewwildlifetechnician.PriortoGLIFWCAdamworkedfortheBadRiverCasinomechanicalmain-tenancedepartmentforover13years.HoweverthisisntthefirsttimeOjaasexperienceshaveledhimtoGLIFWC.In1998heinternedforGLIFWCandnowheishumbledtobeback.OjaaresidesontheBadRiverres-ervationanddevotesmuchofhisfreetimetohuntingfishingandtrapping.InadditionheisaBadRivervolunteerfirefighterandmedicalfirstresponderwhichkeepshimverybusy.MostimportantlyAdamisafamilyguyandenjoyscampingintheoutdoorswithhiswifeandtwosons.WearedelightedAdamsjourneyshaveledhimtoGLIFWConcemore.DylanJenningsOjaajoinsGLIFWCWildlifeSection