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MAZINAIGANPAGE6FALL2014MilleLacsReservationMinn.Launchingatwo-threeyearwildricestudythissummertheMilleLacsBandsgoalistopreserveitsmanoominwildricebygatheringscientificinformationaboutvaluedricebedsandbymorecompletelyengagingBandmembersinthetraditionofmanoominikericing.Weareveryproudofourricebeds.Weknowourricebedsareinpeakcon-ditionintheregionandareluckyandgratefulforthisbountysaysMilleLacsWildlifeFisheriesBiologistKellyApplegate.Hisintentthroughthestudyistoprotectthatbountywellintothefuturebeginningbygatheringbaselinedataontheirnowhealthyandprolificbeds.WithfundingfromtheBureauofIndianAffairsCircleofFlightprogramtheBandhasinitiatedintensivesurveysoffavoredwildricebedsincludingbutnotlimitedtoLakeOnamiaRiceLakeandMallardLakeallexceptionalmanoominlakes.Thescientificaspectofthestudyrelatestodatacollectionontheexistingbeds.Foronedataonnumbersandspeciesofbirdswillberecorded.ForinstanceMilleLacsricebedscurrentlyhostnumerousspeciesofbirdsandwaterfowlApplegatesays.RiceLakeintheBandsDistrictIIareaisanimportantmigra-tionstopforring-neckedduckswithuptoonemillionducksrecordedinrecentyearsInformationonbirdsandotherwildlifeisimportantbecausetheyareoftenearlyindicatorsofenvironmentalchanges.MilleLacsisworkingcloselywithUniversityofMinnesota-DuluthgraduatestudentTanyaKjerlandwhoisstudyingunderDr.JohnPastorwell-knownforhiswildriceresearch.Kjerlandhopestodevelopaunifiedsamplingprotocolformonitoringwildriceabundance.AccordingtoGLIFWCWildlifeBiologistPeterDavidtheprotocolfocusesonseedabundanceandwillbetestedthisfall.Itmaythenbeadoptedbyvariouswildriceresearchersinordertoinsurethattheirresultsarebasedonauniformstandard.AtMilleLacswaterqualitysamplingisalsoanimportantaspectofthestudy.TheBandwillrecordcurrentwatercompositionandthusbeabletodetectchangesinthefuture.AccordingtoApplegatetheBandisparticularlyconcernedaboutincreasedlevelsofsulfatesinthelakeswhichcouldresultfromminingintheregion.WhilesulfatesinthewaterdonotcontaminatethericeasfoodsulfideanoxygenatedformofsulfateslimitstheplantsabilitytogrowandatcertainlevelscouldeliminateabedentirelysaysDavid.Anotherconcernforthefutureisgeneticmanipulationofriceandpreserv-ingtheintegrityoftheBandsricestands.UniversitiesandplanthybridizershaveexpressedinterestingeneticallymodifyingwildriceApplegateexplainssimilartothewayotherplantssuchascornhavebeengeneticallyaltered.Ifthatoccursthereisariskthatmodifiedwildricecouldpropagatewithtraditionalwildricealteringthecenturies-oldplantthattheOjibwehavelongdependedupon.ThesecondprongofthestudyaimsatgeneratingmoreinterestandpersonalconnectiontothemanoominbyyouthandallBandmembersApplegatesays.ThoughtheMilleLacsBandhasmanywell-seasonedricersthereisaneedtoinvolveyoungerfolksandcreatealastingconnectionwithmorepersonalinterest.ForastarttheBandwillhostaWildRiceFestivalthisfallwhenthericeisready.Thefestivalwillfeaturestationseachwithsomethinguniqueaboutwildriceorricing.Applegatesintentisnotonlytoeducateaboutthebiologyofmanoominanditsculturalhistorybutalsoabouthowtoharvestandprocesstherice.Importantlytheopportunityforhands-onpracticewillbethere.Folkswillgetachancetoknockrice.SometimespeopleareafraidtotryricingbecausetheyareunsureonhowtodoitApplegatesays.Theexperientialaspectofthefestivalwilldemonstrateharvestproceduresandletpeopletryitout.ExperiencingricingasatraditionalculturalactivitywillpromotethatpersonalconnectiontomanoominthathastypifiedtheOjibwepeopleforcenturiesfromthetimetheyfirstmigratedtotheGichigamiregioninsearchofthefoodthatgrowsonthewater.Applegatebelievesthatcultivationofthispersonalconnectionandcaringwillinsurefuturegenerationswillcontinuetoprotectandenjoymanoomin.MilleLacscultivatesapersonalconnectiontomanoominAlushlayerofoatingleafmanoomincoversLakeOnamiainMinnesotaabovepromisingabountifulfallharvestseason.Manoominintheoatingleafstagetotheleftisvulnerabletoheavywindsorboatingactivity.PhotosbySueEricksonBySueEricksonStaffWriterOdanahWis.Despitethelateappearanceofwarmweatherandtheabundantraineventsitseemsthatmanoominwildriceismakingeveryefforttoonceagainprovideforusall.The2014growingseasonisprogress-ingnicely.Ourinternshavebeeninthefieldonlyafewweeksatpresstimesurveyingricebedsinthecededterritorybuttheirreportsarebringingsomeencouragment.Inmanycaseswherethericeisstandingitappearsrobust.Ofcoursewearestillsomeweeksawayfromgettingouttheknockersandpush-polesandalotcanhappenbetweennowandharvestingtime.Unfortunatelyheavyraineventswindydaysandotherfactorshavethepowertochangethestatusofbeds.Yetstillwecontinuetogatherricingdata.Onceplantsareabitmoredevel-opedGLIFWCstaffwillbeginaerialsurveystofurtherassessthisyearsricecrop.Thisinformationalongwiththeon-the-groundfieldworkcanultimatelybeusedtohelpdirectyoutothisseasonsmostproductivestands.EverwonderhowtousethisinfotohelpyouscoutgoodricebedsDontworryitsactuallyquiteeasytofindanduse.SimplyfollowthesestepsandinafewclicksyouwillhaveawealthofmanoomininfoavailabletoyouonGLIFWCswebsite.OnGLIFWCshomepageatwww.glifwc.orgclickHarvestRegu-lationsonthetoptitlebar.NextscrolldowntheRegulationSummariesintheleft-sidecolumnandclickonthetextunderRicing.NowbeforeyouistheSummaryofOff-ReservationManoominWildRiceHarvestRegulationswithregu-latoryinfoforeachstateindrop-downformatandamapwithmanoominwatershighlightedwithcolorfulbubbles.Morewaterbodyinformationisalsolaidoutinanexpandedtablejustbelowthismap.Thewildricecropforeachwater-bodyinthetablewillbelistedaseitherPoorFairAverageGoodorVeryGood.Thesetermscomparethisyearscroptothatofrecentyearsforthatindividualwater.ThereforeaFaircroponalakethatgenerallysupportslargebedsmayrepresentmorericethanaGoodcroponasmallerwater.Werecommendusingthisinformationasyourinitialguideitsalwaysbesttodoyourownscoutingbeforetheseasonbegins.Besuretocheckthesiteperiodi-callybecausetheindicatorbubblesforeachofthedate-regulatedwaterswillchangecolorastheopeningdatesforthelakesaredeterminedbythelocalriceauthorities.Andremembersomelakesmaynotopenatallasaresultofcropfailuresothesewaterswillretaintheirredclosedbubble.Ifthewateryouareinterestedinisnotonthelistofdate-regulatedwatersyoumayharvestitwheneverthericeisripe.Ofcourseallotherricingregula-tionssuchashoursandboatlengthstillapply.Finallyforthoseofyourelativelynewtoricingrememberitisimportanttoscoutaricebedtocheckiftheseedisripeforharvesting.Bepatientandlettheseedsfilloutandripen.IfthericeisnotfallingwellandstillhasemptyhullsormilkyseedsPLEASEdonotattempttoriceinsteadgivethebedmoretimetomature.Wehopethatthisinformationisuseful.BesuretoletusknowwhatyouthinkaboutGLIFWCsricewebsitebycalling715-682-6619oremaillisaglifwc.organdasalwayshappyricingPreparingformanoominseasonChecklakeinfoonGLIFWCwebsiteByLisaDavidGLIFWCManoominBiologistMANOOMIN