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PAGE7MAZINAIGANFALL2014LacCourteOreillesReserva-tionWis.CornbeansandsquashhavelongbeengrownbyAmericanIndiansgenerationaftergenerationtohelpmaintainahealthydiet.OftencalledtheThreeSisterscornbeansandsquashthriveharmoniouslyandeachplantworkstogethertohelponeanothergrow.OnJuly25aThreeSistersseedsavingworkshopwasheldontheLacCourteOreillesOjibwaCommunityCollegeLCOOCCFarmheldcoop-erativelybytheIntertribalAgricultureCouncilIACandLCOOCC.LeaZeiseRaineLampertandBruceSavageledtheworkshop.Participantsgatheredfromsur-roundingareastodiscusstheimpor-tanceoftheThreeSisterstoindigenouspeoples.Themainfocusoftheworkshopwashowtosavetheseedsofnativecornbeansandsquashtoplantinthefuture.SlideshowpresentationsshortvideosandrealplantsandseedsaidedLeaandRaineintheireffortstoeducateaboutseedsaving.Theprimaryconcernispreservingseedsthathavenotbeengeneticallymodifiedorhybridizedliketheseedsfoundinmostcataloguesandretailers.Therewasalsoahands-onpor-tionoftheworkshopwheretomatoseedsavingwasdemonstratedandSavagediscussedtheuseofhightunnels.Thereweremanyquestionsdiscus-sionsandalotoflaughter.Participantswereeagertolearnandsharetheirownknowledgeaboutseedsavingandevery-oneoftenchimedinwithinterestingstoriesaboutseedsandplanting.Empha-siswasalsoplacedontheimportanceofrevitalizingtraditionalgardeningintribalcommunities.Inordertoaddressthelackofhealthynaturalfoodsonmanyreser-vationsandhelpstrengthenthenativefoodeconomytheIACMobileFamersMarketwasalsopresentattheseedsav-ingworkshopwhereparticipantswereabletopurchasenative-grownfood.ByEmilyNelisGLIFWCSummerInternSEEDSAVINGGrowingandlearningtogetherThreeSistersatLCOOCCFarmHealthylifestylestakingrootthroughgardenprogramPreservationofnativecornandwildricetwostaplefoodsintheOjibwedietwasdiscussedattheseed-savingworkshop.PhotobyEmilyNelisOdanahWis.AssummereasestowardfallrootvegetablesswellwithinthereservationsoilvineshanglowwithredtomatoesandaneworchardistakingrootintheancientplantinggroundsofOldOdanah.WithgrowingcommunityinterestandanewgrantawardtheBadRiver4-HYouthDevelopmentprogramismakinghealthystrides.WereencouragingkidstogobacktoatraditionaldietsaidJeremyMcClainUWExtension4-Hyouthcoordinator.Itsreallyaparadigmshift.AlotofkidshavebeenacculturatedtogettingfoodfrommodernsourcesWal-MartandMcDonalds.Thisisabouthomeandcommunitygardeningandincreasingphysicalactivitythroughharvesting.TheBadRiver4-Hinitiativedrawsyouthages5-18yearsoldfromon-reser-vationprogramsincludingtheMashkisibiBoysandGirlsClubTrailsProgramandtheBirchHillCommunityHome.ThroughnetworkingwithareayouthleadersandthenearbyAshlandSchoolDistrictparticipationhasdoubledoverthelastyearto280youthsinsummer2014McLainsaid.While4-HisnotedfordevelopingfarmandrurallivingskillstheBadRiverprogramtakesdirectaimatreducingobesityanddiabetesdiseasesoftenassoci-atedwitheachotherandnegativelyimpactmanyAmericanIndians.AccordingtotheCentersforDiseaseControlandPreventiondiabetesisthenumberfourkillerofnativepeopleandapproximatelyone-in-fivechildrenareobeseafigurethatnearlydoublesintoadulthood.KidsaregoingtobephysicallyandmentallystrongermoreresilientthroughthisprogramMcLainsaid.Signsoftheprogramatworkhasliterallypopped-upalloverthereservation.UsingvegetableplantsseededandtendedattheBadRiverCommunityCenterwhiledeepsnowstillcoveredthelandscapeprojectparticipantsestablishedgardensinOnaperfectlywetovercastJuly9BadRiveryouthplanted30fruittreesadjacenttotheOldOdanahpowwowgrounds.TheyouthgroupincludedfromleftMishkaNewagoLaceyAdamsandDestinyHoule.CORByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffwriternearly30yardsprovidingtillingservicesandinstallingwildlifefencing.Raisedgardenbedsbasedonhugelkulturablanketofplantingsoilcoveringdecompos-inglogsarefeaturedattheWakeHouseandyardoftheElderHouse.Childrenandteenagersalsogetvaluabletimeinteractingwitholdertribalmemberswhoshareaninterestingardeningandhealthyliving.ForsomefamiliestherearegapsintheteachingoftraditionalvaluesandbehaviorsMcClainsaid.Thisisonewaywehopewillimproveculturalidentity.OnJuly9whengardenvegetablegrowthseemedtoidleinthecoolsoggyweather4-Hersplanted30fruittreesatasiteutilizedbynativesforcenturies.ToalleviateconcernsaboutdisturbingculturalresourceshousedintheredclaysoilofOldOdanahplannersbroughtin80loadsofblackdirtthatweretransformedintosmallvolcanoshapedplantingmounds.Thetreemixiscomprisedofheartynorthernvarietiesofapplepearandcherryandshouldbeginproducingfruitinafewyears.Assistancefromagreatmanypartnersismakingthe4-HprogramasuccessMcClainsaidincludingBadRivertribalstaffandlocalhorticulturalexperts.FormoreinformationcontactMcClainat715.682.7111ext.1630.Beginningin2005biologistscol-lectedmiltandeggsfromspawn-ingsturgeonbelowadamontheTurtle-FlambeauFlowageandtribalfisheriesstaffculturedfertilespawnattheWilliamJ.PoupartSr.TribalFishHatcheryinLacduFlambeau.Tribalstaffultimatelyhatched-outandreared4000five-to-seveninchsturgeonfrom2005-2009.EachyoungsturgeonreceivedaPITpersonalidentificationtagimplantbeforereleaseallowingfisheriessurveycrewstotracktheirprogressoverthecomingyears.IntheOjibwelanguagestur-geonarecalledname.CORLdFlakesturgeonContinuedfrompage5LakesturgeonfngerlingslikethisoneattheWilliamJ.PoupartSr.TribalFishHatcheryhavegrownbrisklysinceaseriesofreleasesinthelatter2000s.COR