Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24• VOIGT MODEL CODE • On the cover Ozaawaabineshiinh (goldfinch) is catching up on the adventures of his friends in the new Nenda-gikendamang ningo-biboonagak series. Each set of booklets in the series includes a monolingual storybook, a monolingual activity book, and a bilingual parent/teacher answer book. See page 23 for more information. (cover art by Wesley Ballinger) Amendments to LCO (Voigt) case on horizon New rules for furbearers with court approval In the next few months, tribal members may be able to take advantage of some additional harvesting opportunities due to changes in the tribes’ off-reservation hunting, fishing and trapping regulations. Lac Courte Oreilles Band v. Wisconsin is the legal case that decided the nature and extent of the Ojibwe bands’ reserved rights to hunt, fish and gather in the off-reservation Ceded Territories. The case began in 1975 and initially concluded in 1991. Following the court’s final judgment in 1991, the tribes had no way to update their off-reservation conservation codes. Finally, in 2001, the parties went back to court and the court approved the stipulation amendment process. This provided an opportunity for the parties to submit mutually agreed-upon regulation changes to the court for approval. Stipulation amendments were filed in the court in 2008 and 2011, with the newest version set to be filed with the court sometime this summer. The third stipulation amendment has been approved by the state, the Voigt Intertribal Task Force and a few of the tribes, but has not yet been approved by the court. It will be submittedtothecourtonceallthetribeshaveapprovedit.Thisstipulationprovides for changes in Chapters 8 (Small Game) and 9 (Fishing) of the Off-Reservation Conservation Codes (Voigt Model Code) covering the Ceded Territories within Wisconsin. The Voigt Model Code contains the minimum court-approved regulations that apply to off-reservation harvesting within the Ceded Territories located in Wisconsin. (There is a separate model code that applies to the 1837 Ceded Ter- ritory within Minnesota.) Changes to the Voigt Model Code are reviewed by the Voigt Intertribal Task Force and the State of Wisconsin, and finally approved by the court. Tribal councils can then decide whether to enact the changes within their versions of the off-reservation conservation code. By Phoebe Kebec, GLIFWC Policy Analyst Updates to Chapter 8 (Small Game) of the Off-Reservation Model Code (Ceded Territories in Wisconsin), effective only when the court approves the stipulation: Establishes a tribal nigig (otter) hunting season open October 1-March 31. Limits otter hunting to the use of .223 caliber, or smaller caliber firearms. Weasel traps, placed entirely in enclosures, with openings no larger than 1⅜ inch openings, anchored to an immovable object, must be checked once every four days, instead of once a day. Jawed traps, up to 8x8 inches (measured from the maximum outside points of the effective jaws of the trap) may be used. Changes in the snaring and restraining snare regulations. Requires that snare loops are set more than six inches above the first surface (the first sur- face may be ground, ice, crushed or packed snow, or any other hard material) and allows for the retention of raccoons incidentally caught in restraining snares. In the latest round of stipulation amendments, the tribes and the state agreed on changes to the Model Code Chapter 8 (Small Game Harvesting) and Chapter 9 (Fishing). These changes were approved by the Voigt Intertribal Task Force in December of 2015, the Bad River and Lac Courte OreillesTribal Councils, and are under consideration by the other tribes. Once approved by the court, changes to Chapter 8 will allow for an otter hunting season, modifications to the regulations for snares and restraining snares, including the retention of raccoons incidentally caught in restraining snares, increases in the length of time between checks for certain weasel traps, slightly larger jawed traps, and modifications to the defini- tions section. See the inset for further explanation. The winter edition of Mazina’igan will provide further details on the updated fishing regulations. The current Voigt Model Code is available at www.glifwc.org/Regulations/ regulations.html. We will post an updated version once it is approved by the court. Before relying on the changed regulations, tribal members should check with GLIFWC or their tribal conservation departments to find out whether the court has approved the new regulations and whether their tribe has enacted the new version of the regulations. Power line poles snapped in two and the winds caused extensive damage to public and private property. Morethan100,000customersfrom Sandy Lake, Minnesota to Watersmeet, Michigan were without power from one to three days. Support and recovery The July storms generated an out- pouring of support for Bad River reser- vation residents from other tribes and local communities. Ashland residents organized donation drives, establishing drop-offsitesforwater,food,infantsup- plies, and other goods. Tribal officials coordinated receipt and delivery of donations, which for a while required that volunteers hand-carry goods over a damaged bridge that could not support the weight of a vehicle. Other contributions arrived via a four-hour detour from Ashland to Odanah even though the towns are only 10 miles apart. Out of all the damage and destruc- tion, many on the Bad River reserve say the assistance from other tribes and regional communities has helped ease the burdens of recovery. Major financial support arrived from the Ho-ChunkTribe, Stockbridge- Munsee Tribe, Forest County Potawa- tomi Tribe, Lac du Flambeau Band and Keweenaw Bay Indian Community. Donationsoffood,freshwaterandother suppliesarrivedfrommanypointsinside and out of the CededTerritory including Madison, Ashland, Lac du Flambeau and other locales; faith organizations from downstate Wisconsin dispatched truckloads of goods north; the Red Cross prepared late afternoon meals for afullweekattheBadRiverCommunity Center where the aid group also distrib- uted cleaning kits for homeowners.And professional services from Menominee andRedClifftribalpolicehelpedmanage traffic and support public safety. The damaging storms seemed to bring out the best in a great many people throughout the region. Communities rally for mutual assistance (continued from page 1) Floodwaters covered portions of the US Highway 2 corridor through the Bad River reservation for several days following a series of heavy rainfall events. The Bad River crested at a record 27.3 feet. (CO Rasmussen photo) New otter regulations are under consideration for treaty harvesters.As a species of special concern, otters must be registered at an on-reservation station or by a GLIFWC law enforcement officer. (CO Rasmussen) MAZINA’IGAN PAGE 2 FALL 2016