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PAGE3MAZINAIGANSPRING2015WILDLIFEMAPLESUGARINGOnthecoverBoozhoogaaghelloporcupineHighinatreethisballoffurandquillswasprobablyreadytosnackonsomebark.Whilegaagprefersoakheshewillalsomunchonaspenandwhitepine.photobyBillMattesGaylordMich.InthemixedhardwoodandpineforestsofnorthernlowerMichiganelkomashkoozhunt-ersexperiencedasolidsuccessrateintheannualfallhunt.1836Treatyhuntersfilled10of11permitswiththefinalharvestacowelktakenbyaBayMillsIndianCommunitymemberonDecember29.State-licensedhunterstagged77elkfromaquotaof103duringaseasonsplitintofourtimeperiodsacrossAugustSeptemberandDecember.Theoveralltakehoweverisafractionoftheelkoromashkoozseasonayearbefore.Afterthehardwinterof2013-14wecutthenumberofpermitsinhalfinordertokeepthesizeofherdwithinourmanagementgoalssaidBrianMasten-brookMichiganDepartmentofNaturalResourceswildlifebiologist.Challengedbydeepsnowandextendedperiodsofsubzerotemperatureselementsofthemostpowerfulpolarvortexweathereventsincethelate1970sthewintertookatollonMichiganomashkooz.IntestamenttotheseverityoftheseasonMastenbrooksaidanumberofherdbullslargedominantmalesintheirprimewerediscovereddeadsuc-cumbedtotheelements.Weloseanother30-plusanimalseveryyeartovehiclecollisionspoachinganddiseaseslikebrainwormMasten-brookadded.FollowingaJanuary2014surveyMastenbrooksaidthepopulationdippedMichiganelkseasonwrapsupwithconservativeharvestOmashkoozquotasimilarfor2015AgroupofelkcongregateinthemixedforestlandofnorthernLowerMichigan.photobyDeanBeyerMichiganDNRByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterOnJanuary72015theStateofWisconsinfiledapetitionforwritofcertiorariorrequestforreviewbytheUnitedStatesSupremeCourtoftheSeventhCircuitCourtofAppealsOctober2014decisiononnighthuntingbytheWisconsinChip-pewaBandsthatweretheplaintiffsintheLCOv.Wisconsintreatyrightscase.InitsOctober2014decisiontheSeventhCircuitdeterminedthattheBandshadshownthatcircumstanceschangedsincetheoriginaldeerhuntingtrialin1989overrulingthedistrictcourtsdecisiononthatpointandrequiringthefederaldistrictcourttoconductfurtherhearingsconsistentwiththecircuitcourtsruling.AfterpetitionsarefiledwiththeSupremeCourttheopposingpartycanfilearesponse.Likewiseinterestedpersonsororganizationscanfileamicifriendofthecourtbriefs.InthiscasetheAssociationofFishandWildlifeAgenciesandtheWisconsinCountyForestsAssociationfiledamicibriefssupportingthestatesposition.TheChippewaBandshaveuntilMarch92015torespondtothestatesrequest.TheSupremeCourtreceivesatleast10000petitionseachyearbutonlyac-ceptsabout100ofthem.TheSupremeCourtwillissueitsdecisiontoacceptordeclinethecasebytheendofJune2015.WisconsinseekingreviewofthenighthuntingdecisionbytheU.S.SupremeCourtByPhilomenaKebecGLIFWCPolicyAnalysttoanestimated668trendingabitlowerthanbiologistsprefer.Largelythroughtheissuanceofkilltagswildlifeofficialslooktomaintainelknumbersintherangeof500-900animalsascalethathelpslimitconflictsonfarmlandforestsandhighways.Michiganelkmanagersplantostayconservativeintheupcom-ing2015seasonandduplicatekilltagavailabilityat103elkforstatehuntersand11elkfor1836tribalhunters.TheMichiganelkherdiscenteredinthe95000-acrePigeonRiverCountryStateForestalongtheeast-centraledgeof1836cededterritory.Followingrati-ficationofthe2007ConsentDecreeaformalrecognitionofinlandtreatyrightsstateandtribalnaturalresourcesmanagershavedevelopedacooperativeapproachtoelkmanagement.Tribalbiologistsworkwithourbi-ologistsandconservationofficersworktogetheraswellsaidMastenbrook.Wevefine-tunedourrelationshipanditsgoingprettysmoothly.FortreatyharvesterslookingtoestablishaniskigamizigansugarbushonNationalForestlandsnowisagreattimetostarttheplanningandpermittingprocess.WewillworkwithyouandtheU.S.ForestServicetodevelopyoursitemanagementplanandpermit.ThepermitprocessisapplicablefortheChequa-megon-NicoletOttawaHiawathaandHuron-ManisteeNationalForestslocatedwithintheOjibwecededterritoryboundaries.Whenscoutingtheperfectiskigamiziganalongwithidealmapletrees10diameterormoreatbreastheightlookforareasthathavegoodroadaccess.Thiswillhelpavoidexcessivedisturbanceandkeepimpactstothesurroundingarealimited.LocatingyoursitewellinadvancewillensurethemanagementplanwillremainsimpleandyouwillhaveyourpermitintimeforharvestInformationneededforthesitemanagementplanincludesSitelocationApproximatesizeEquipmentorsuppliesyouwilluseforgath-eringi.e.tapsbucketsandbagsortubingSapprocessinginformationi.e.ifyouwillprocessthesaponthesiteadescriptionofthesup-pliesandstructuresyouwillbeusingAccessroadsortrailstobeusedtoaccessthesugarbushtypeofvehiclestobeusedi.e.passengercarATVsorsnowmobilesSitemaintenancethesugarbushoperatorisresponsibleforremovingallequipmentandrefusefromthelocationCountyandWisconsinstatepropertiesEstablishingatribaliskigamiziganontheselandjurisdictionscanbeconfusingbutnotimpossibleGLIFWCwillworkwithdesignatedlandmanagerstonavigatetheirpermitrequirements.ContactAlexandraWrobelat715-685-2125orawrobelglifwc.orgformoreinformation.IfyouareinterestedintakingyoursyrupoperationstothenextlevelthereisanewopportunitytojoinatriballyoperatedmaplesyrupcooperativeseebelowItsthattimeofyearagainIskigamiziganByAlexWrobelGLIFWCForestEcologistIMSPCformedtopromotemaplesugaringTheInter-tribalMapleSyrupProducersCooperativeIMSPCwasrecentlyformedtopromotemaplesugar-inginIndiancountry.Maplesugarthisincludessyrupsugarcakescandyetc.isanindigenousproductthathasbeenproducedforhundredsofyearsinandaroundtheGreatLakesregion.Historicalrecordshaveshownlargequantitiesofsugarbeingtradedandsoldthroughoutthesugarmaplebelt.TodaysugarisstillbeingproducedbyNativeAmeri-cansbutnon-tribalproductionisdominatingthemarket.IMSPCislookingtorevitalizethetraditionandassistnativeproducerswithtechnicalassistancemar-ketingopportunitiesequipmentdiscountsaccesstolandandbusinessplanning.Whilebolsteringproductionisalargeaspectoftheeffortreturningtoaculturaltraditionandhonoringthesacredgiftofthesugarmapletreeisatoppriority.IMSPCiscurrentlyacceptingmembershipapplicationstohelpbuildcapac-ityfortheeffort.IfyouareinterestedinbecomingamemberorjustlookingformoreinformationcontactJerryJondreauatgjondreaukbic-nsn.gov.Youcanalsovisitthewebsitethatiscurrentlybeingdevelopedattribalsyrup.com.