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MAZINAIGANPAGE2SPRINGSUMMER2013TribesworkwithNWFtoprotectnaturalwatersConcernoverloopholesinCleanWaterActGikinoowezhiweOnjiiWabaanG-WOWGuidingforTomorrowprojectpartnersabovewererecognizedwithanHonorAwardfromtheUSForestServiceEasternRegiononMay3.TheG-WOWprojectfocusesontheimpactofclimatechangeandfeaturesafree-standingexhibitattheNorthernGreatLakesVisitorCenterNGLVCalongwithaninteractivekioskandclimatechangecurriculum.PicturedareJasonMaloneyUSForestServiceandNGLVCdirectorSueEricksonGLIFWCpublicinformationdirectorJimSt.ArnoldGLIFWCprogramdirectorNeilHowkApostleIslandsNationalLakeshoreassistantchiefofinterpretationandeducationandCatherineTechtmannUniversityofWisconsinExtensionenvironmentaleducator.CORMININGG-WOWAWARDOnthecoverFlashywithacrimsonheadandblackandwhitebodytheboldlycoloredred-headedwoodpeckerisindeclineduetochanginghabitatseestorypage8.PhotocomplimentsofLarryLeonardBrainerdMinn.BySueEricksonStaffWriterAccordingtoareportissuedbytheNationalWildlifeFed-erationNWFinApril2013loopholesintheCleanWaterActCWAallowminestodischargepollutionintowaterbodies.Clos-ingthoseloopholeswouldprotecttribesandothercommunitiesfrompotentiallyadverseimpactsasaresultofhardrockmining.EntitledHonoringtheRiverHowHardrockMiningImpactsTribalCommunitiestheNWFreportfocusesontheimpactsmininghashadontribeshistoricallyandencouragesafederalrulechangetopreventtherecurrenceofsimilarimpactsinthefuture.EmphasizingtheurgencyforchangetheNWFcallsattentiontotheproliferationofnewminingproposals.MinesarebeingproposedfromAlaskasBristolBayawatershedthatsupportsthegreatestremainingrunsofwildsockeyesalmononearthtotheGreatLakesbasinwhichcontains84percentofNorthAmericassupplyoffreshsurfacewater.LoopholesintheCWASomemaythinktheEPAandtheCWAhavethepollutionproblemcovered.NotsosaysNWF.LoopholesintheCWAallowminingcompaniestodeposituntreatedtailingsandotherminewasteproductsintostreamslakesandwetlands.CurrentregulationsprovidethatminescantreatsomewaterbodiesaswastetreatmentsystemsandthereforethosewatersarenotprotectedbytheCWA.Thereportpointsoutthatminescantreatsomeminingwasteasfillmaterialwhichisnotsubjecttonormalpollutionstandards.AmericanIndiantribesacrosstheUnitedStateshavebeenimpactedbythetailingsandotherwastedumpedintoAmericaswaterwaysbythemetalsminingindustry.Tribesownandmanagenearly95millionacresoflandmuchofitconsistingoflargeintacthabitatsabundantwildlifecleanwaterandairanduniqueculturalandhistoricresources.Nearly2millionacresofIndianlandsaresubjecttomineralleasesadministeredbytheU.S.DepartmentoftheInterior.HardrockminesdisproportionatelyimpacttheenvironmenthealthandcultureofNativecommunities.HonoringtheRiverHowHardrockMiningImpactsTribalCommunitiesareportbytheNationalWildlifeFederationSurfacewaterspotentiallyfilledbyironmininggivenprovisionsofAB1SB1asamendedFebruary52013WithinasectionofthereportentitledHardrockMiningWaterPollutionbothsurfacewaterandgroundwaterpollutionfromacidminedrainageAMDisdiscussed.Acidminedrainageisaparticularlydangerousby-productofhardrockmining.Oftheestimated500000abandonedminesinthewesternUnitedStatessomedatingbacktothelate19thcenturymanycontinuetopollutetoday.Thelong-termimpactofAMDmakesitparticularlyconcerning.AccordingtothereportAMDstillseepsfromminesinEuropethatwereworkedbytheRomansbeforeA.D.476andmodernminessuchastheproposedPhoenixgoldmineinNevadaarepredictedtoproduceAMDforaslongas10000years.TribalhistorieswithhardrockminingWithinthissectionNWFdiscussestribalexperienceswithhardrockminingfeaturingwesterntribesinMontanaIdahoandeasternWashingtonwhereminingprojectshaveleftwaterspolluted.Manyoftheseminingprojectsoccurredatatimewhentribeswerevulnerableandunawareofthepotentialimpactsofminingonthelandandwater.Thereportemphasizesthepowerfulconnectionstribalpeoplehavewiththelandwaterandthenaturalworldnotingthatthereservationshaveoftenbeenhomelandsformanygenerationsmakingitunimaginablefortribalcommunitiestopickupandmoveiftheirenvironmentbecomespoisonedbyminingwaste.Similarlyresourcesonlandscededintreatiesremainimportantsourcesoffoodfortribeswhoretainedtreatyrightstofishhuntandgatherforsustenanceandstilldependonthefishandgametobepresentandsafetoeat.WhattribesaredoingtoclosetheloopholesTribesareworkingwiththeNWFtogetclosureoftheminingloopholeswhichallowfortailingsandotherminewastetobedumpedinlakesstreamsandwetlands.AlreadysometribesintheGreatLakesregionandelsewherehaveWrittentotheWhiteHouseEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyEPAandArmyCorpsofEngineersCorpsstatinghowhardrockminingthreatenstheircommunitiesandaskingthemtoclosetheloopholesintheCleanWaterActspecificallytolimitthewastetreatmentsystemexclusiontoonlymanmadewatersandtorevisethedefinitionoffillmaterialtoexcludedischargessubjecttoeffluentlimitationssuchasminingslurrieswhicharecurrentlyclassifiedasfill.PassedresolutionsurgingtheWhiteHouseEPAandtheCorpstoclosetheCWAloopholes.Encouragedtheirmemberstosendanactionalertlettertothesameparties.Thereportencouragesmoretribestoreachouttotheirmembersandfederalagenciestoclosetheloopholesthatthreatentheirwaters.Foradditionalinformationgotowww.nwf.orgminingloopholes.ForestServicehonorsG-WOWpartnersStreamslakespotentiallyfilledbyminingstreamswith2sq.mi.drainagelakes2acresPossiblemineinitialprojectareaapprox.Streamswith2sq.mi.drainagetroutstreamslakes2acresPenokeeHillsironoredepositsapprox.GTACIronCountyForestleasedlandsLegend