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PAGE1MAZINAIGANSPRINGSUMMER2014PreparingforclimatechangeathomeFDLsDiverleadstribalplanningonObamataskforceCloquetMinn.AsclimatechangeclawsforwarddegradingnaturalresourcesinthecededterritoryandelsewhereleadersacrosstheUnitedStatesareexploringwaystolessonthenegativeimpacts.AmongthoseattheforeisFondduLacChairwomanKarenDiveramemberofPresidentBarakObamasClimateAdvisoryTaskForce.WereworkingtohelptheObamaAdministrationbettertackleclimate-associatedproblemsincoordinationwithcommunitiessaidDiveroneofonlytwonativelead-erstappedbythePresidentfortheTaskForceonClimateChangeandResiliencewhichincludestwodozenstategovernorsmayorsandcountyofficials.Thebreadthoftheworkisdaunting.Itseverythingfrominfrastructuretohealthtotheenvironmenttoenergysystemsshesaid.AcrossTurtleIslandclimatechangeistriggeringsevereandmorefrequentfloodsdroughtandwildfirecostlyeventsthatstrainbothfinancialresourcesandtheenvironment.UnfortunatelyitstakensomeprettysevereweathereventstogetpeoplethinkingDiversaid.Climatescien-tistshavelong-warnedthatfossilfuelpollutionenhancesaglobalgreenhouseeffectwithwarmairbecomingtrappedintheatmosphere.Above-normalannualtemperaturesaremeltingglaciersatanalarmingpacealteringecosystemsandspurringsevereweatherevents.Inthe1837Treatycededterritoryaloneannualwintertemperaturesare4.5warmerthaninthemid-20thCenturyaccordingtotheWisconsinInitiativeonClimateChangeImpacts.Despitetherecentharshwinteraverageice-outonlakesisoccurringearlierdisruptingOjibwespringtimeharvestactivities.WevebeengoingfromwintertosummerinmostoftherecentyearsDiverexplained.Justafewyearsagoallwecouldgetfrommapletreeswasasmallamountofbittersap.Theninadramaticpendulumswingthe2013seasonproducedabannerharvestformapletappers.ThemovebyAdministrationofficialstoconnectwithlocalleaderswontproduceamagicfixforthechallengesaheadbutitisasignificantsteptowardpreparednessDiversaid.ItsaboutlayingoutwhatstepstheAdministrationcandohowdoyoumakecommunitiesmoreresilientinthelongtermPeoplewholiveinthesecommunitiesknowwhattheproblemsare.OntheFondduLacReservationforexampletribalofficialsarrangedfortheinstallationofabridgewhereaflashfloodhadrippedthroughaculvertwashingawaytheroad.StateguidelinescalledforreplacingtheculvertbutafterworkingthroughtheBureauofIndiansAffairscrewsconstructedabridgeatthesitetoaccommodatethefrequentheavyraineventswroughtbyclimatechange.Diversaidthecaseillustrateshowdifferentrulesanddif-ferentengineeringstandardswithingovernmentagenciescanencumbernecessaryimprovementstoinfrastructure.FondduLacLacduFlambeauandotherGLIFWCmemberbandsarealsoapplyingsustainablebuildingstandardstoon-reservationconstructionprojectsnewtribaladministrationbuildingsareenergyandwaterefficientandbuiltwithenvironmentallyfriendlymaterials.DiversaidtheseByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterFondduLacChairwomanKarenDiverreleasesajuvenilesturgeonintotheSt.LouisRiverpartofatribalsheriesenhancementproject.PresidentObamaappointedDivertotheTaskForceonClimateChangeandResiliencein2013.PhotocourtesyofFDLSeeDiverleadstribalplanningpage18PublishedbytheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionSpringSummer2014SpearersencounterlateicehighwaterandogaaInashowofunitytoprotectcededterritorywaterandnaturalresourcesWisconsinOjibwebandseachdeclaredonewalleyefromGalileeLake.ThesmalllakesitsinshadowofthePenokeeRangewheredevelopersarepursuingconstructionofamassiveironmine.FollowingatwilightceremonyMay13DylanJenningspicturedgotthenodfromChairmanMikeWigginstoharvestawalleyeforBadRiver.PhotobyCharlieOttoRasmussenByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterOdanahWis.Treatyspearfish-ersnavigatedhighwaterandicefloesduringasecondconsecutivelatespringharvestseason.InmanyregionsofthecededterritorytheharvestdippedbelowannualaveragesmostnotablyatLakeMilleLacswherefisheriesmanagersarenursingawalleyeogaapopulationthatisexperiencinghighmortalityinyoungfingerling-sizedfish.Tribalfisherswerechallengedbyhighwaterconditionsandashortspawningseasonduetothelateice-outsaidMarkLuehringGLIFWCinlandfisheriesbiologist.Byanymeasurebiboon2013-14wasabigone.Winterskiesdropped110inchesofsnownearLacCourteOreillesthehighesttotalsincerecord-keepingbeganin1896accordingtotheNationalWeatherServiceinDuluth.TheChequamegonBayareatallied133inchesofsnownearlytwicetheseasonalaverageof70inches.Spurredbyspringrainssnow-meltfromtheextraordinarywinterraisedwaterlevelsonmostlakesandmuddiedwaterclarityonstream-fedflowages.SpearersreporteddifficultywithvisibilityonreservoirsincludingtheTurtle-FlambeauFlowagewhichharnessesthreerivers.IntheWisconsincededterritoryspearfishingkicked-offtheeveningofApril24atafamiliarlocationCedarLakeneartheSt.CroixReservation.AlthoughtheseasongotunderwaylaterthanusualCedarmanagedtosheditsiceafullweekearlierthanlastspringslatenear-recordthaw.FishingpeakedinWisconsinwatersoverathree-daystretchMay9-11whenspearersboatednearlyone-thirdofthetotalharvestafterfinishingupthework-weektribalspearersfishedhardbringinginjustunder12000walleyeovertheweekend.Bythetimethespringseasonwrappedupcreelclerkstallied27527walleyeplus247muskies.NorthintotheMichiganinlandwatersLacVieuxDesertspearersregistered2409ogaaandninemuskies.Inthe1836cededterritoryBayMillsmembersfacedsimilarconditionswhentheicefinallybroke-up.HighfastSeeSpearerspage2