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WILDLIFE Waabizheshi research news Much is happening on the research front with waabizheshi marten this year. Below is an overview of GLIFWCs research projects several of which are cooperative studies. Marten GPS tracking GLIFWC is undertaking an experimental trial using new GPS tracking tech- nology. GPS tracking is achieved by placing a collar with a GPS receiver on an animal and then tracking the animal using this collar. This technology has been in use for several years but the collars have been too large for martens to wear. New technology has developed which permits the collars to be much smaller and wearable by martens. But as with all new technology it must be field-tested. Nick McCann GLIFWC wildlife biologist is leading the effort to trap collar and moni- tor up to four martens this year to field test these new devices. If successful the data obtained from these collars will enable us to plot marten movement during five-minute intervals a very fine-scale look at movement patterns. Cooperative projects with UW-Madison GLIFWC is collaborating with the USFS and Dr. Jonathan Pauli and students from his lab at the University of WisconsinMadison Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology to investigate marten habitat selection and demography in the ChequamegonNicolet National Forest CNNF. The research relies on several There were 1253 deer registered by tribal hunters from the 1837 and 1842 ceded territories in Michigan Minnesota and Wisconsin excluding deer registered at Keweenaw Bay Indian Community. This table shows the number of deer registered at each tribal registration station regardless of the hunters tribe of enrollment. Some tribes maintained more than one registration station e.g. Mille Lacs and St. Croix and totals are presented for each of these stations. Registration Station Antlerless Antlered Grand Total Bad River 40 37 77 Fond du Lac 30 16 46 Lac Courte Oreilles 111 99 210 Lac du Flambeau 280 98 378 Lac Vieux Desert 28 12 40 Mille Lacs Station 1 24 21 45 Mille Lacs Station 2 14 15 29 Mole Lake 99 48 147 Red Cliff 38 29 67 St. Croix Station 1 68 65 133 St. Croix Station 2 39 32 71 Warden Registration 7 3 10 Grand Total 778 475 1253 By Jonathan Gilbert PhD GLIFWC Wildlife Section Leader 1837 1842 ceded territory waawaashkeshi deer harvest by registration station 2014 1837 1842 ceded territory makwa bear harvest by registration station 2014 There were 39 bears registered from the 1837 and 1842 ceded territories in Michigan Minnesota and Wisconsin excluding Keweenaw Bay Indian Community. A recaptured waabizhesi awaits release after the research team completed gathering data on this American pine marten. photo by Ron Parisien Jr. Registration Station Female Male Grand Total Bad River 3 3 6 Fond du Lac 3 4 7 Lac du Flambeau 2 3 5 Mole Lake 2 2 4 Red Cliff 9 5 14 St. Croix Station 1 0 3 3 Grand Total 19 20 39 Researchers scan a sedated waabizhesi for a PIT tag which is a tiny identification chip installed in case a collar is lost. Martens released in the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest from Minnesota also carry a PIT tag. Captured animals are lightly sedated for about 15-20 minutes while information is gathered. photo by Ron Parisien Jr. techniques including hair snares to collect DNA track surveys to determine habi- tat use and habitat measurements. Phil Manlick MS student in Dr. Paulis lab is completing his analyses from data collected on the Great Divide District of the Chequamegon side of the forest. He is investigating whether the marten restocking program conducted from 20082010 was successful and whether the reintroduced animals are contributing to the marten population there. He has completed his field work and is now in the process of analyzing his data. Jennifer Grauer another MS student in Dr. Paulis lab is just beginning her work on the Nicolet side of the forest. She will be using similar techniques as Phil but will be focusing on the connection between the Nicolet Forest and the Ottawa Forest to the north. Both of these projects will vastly improve our understanding of marten ecology in Wisconsin and should prove invaluable in shaping future management efforts. Cooperative project with Purdue University Dr.PatrickZollnerofPurdueUniversitycollaborateswithGLIFWCtodevelop an individually-based spatially explicit population model which can be used to simulate marten dispersal in Wisconsin. Casey Day PhD candidate at Purdue is refining this dispersal model and conducting evaluations of its ability to track known movements. In addition Casey is trying to incorporate genetic movement into this model thereby enabling researchers to not only track animal movement but the exchange of genes vital for the continued sustainability for most species. Once completed the model will be used to evaluate the role of Iron County forestsasacorridorformartenandmartenDNAmovementfromtheGreatDivide District on the CNNF to the Ottawa National Forest in the UP of Michigan. This potential corridor could provide an important pathway so that the martens on the CNNF do not become isolated and thus more vulnerable to extirpation. PAGE 5 MAZINAIGANSUMMER 2015 Wild turkey youth hunt Put on the calendar for 2016 A late-breaking Commission Order established a youth wild turkey hunt in the Wisconsin ceded territory on April 11-12. The hunt is for tribal youth aged 10 to 15 who must be accompanied by a parent guardian or an adult designated by the parent or guardian. Youth must also get a permit from their tribal registration station. It came up fast this spring but put it on the calendar as an opportunity for spring 2016