PAGE 19 MAZINA’IGAN SUMMER 2017 • CEREMONIES/YOUTH • Lake Superior Youth Symposium returns to its beginning Ashland, Wis.—The 12th Biennial Lake Superior Youth Symposium attracted 94 participants, including teachers and students in grades 8-12 from around the basin April 27-30. The symposium—which began in 1995 at Northland College’s Sigurd Olsen Environmental Institute—aims to enhance appreciation for the beauty and unique ecology of the largest Great Lake, inspiringyouthtobecomeenvironmentalstewards.Breakoutsessionsfeatured GLIFWC staff to highlight key resources important to theAnishinaabe culture and how treaty rights help protect the Lake Superior basin. Wildlife Biologist Peter David was one of the featured natural resource management professionals to showcase what a career in ecology could look like. David’s talk stressed the importance that manoomin has beyond a simple food source. The Ojibwe migration story, and an overview of the traditional harvesting and processing of rice, highlights how Anishinaabe perspectives guides his work in protection and restoration. For a more hands-on education, GLIFWC wardens Christina Dzwonkowski and Holly Berkstresser hauled out trapping tools and furs of mammals from the Lake Superior basin (for more see page 7). Attendeesalsoparticipatedinthisyear’streeplantingatWhittleseyCreek National Wildlife Refuge in honor of Arbor Day in conjunction with US Fish & Wildlife Service. As the physical roots from their planted trees continue to grow, symposium goers are encouraged to cultivate and share the intangible knowledge they gained with their home communities and continue to make positive impacts around the Lake Superior basin. Held every other year, communities in Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan have hosted the youth symposium. For more see http://lakesuperioryouth.org –Jennifer Ballinger Mikwendaagoziwag ceremonies at Sandy Lake July 26 All are welcome to join GLIFWC for annual ceremonies, paddle and feast in commemoration of the 1850 Sandy Lake Tragedy. It is a time to remember the sacrifices made by the many tribal members who arrived at Sandy Lake, Minne- sota to receive annuity payments, but found only inadequate and spoiled rations, delayed payments and, for many, death. It is a good time to remember those people, the struggles and determination, and to say chi miigwech! Agenda: A morning ceremony at the East Boat Landing is followed by a paddle in canoes or kayaks across Sandy Lake where ceremonies are held at the Mikwendaagoziwag Monument located at the Sandy Lake Recreation Site on Highway 65 north ofMcGregor,Minnesota.Anoonfeast follows.Formoreinformationcontact GLIFWC at 715.682.6619. Check GLIFWC’s Facebook page for map, directions and other details. This is particularly helpful in that the user can target groups of specific species of trees to look for differences in the timing between species throughout the growing season. Defining a region of interest also allows the user to avoid including por- tions of the sky or any other non-vegetative objects in the photo. When the Gcc is plotted over time, the result is a graphical representation of the spring green-up and fall senescence (Figure 2). When the Gcc is plotted over multiple years, we can look for variation in the timing of biological changes in the forest canopy and determine if the variation is associated with changes in localized weather or climate variables, such as precipitation, temperature, relative humidity, and so forth. Eventually, this could allow us to look for additional relationships between phenology and environmental changes, and could provide us with a better picture of what changes we might expect to occur in the future. This year, in addition to the phenocams overlooking the forest canopy at the phenology study sites, Panci and Bartnick are also experimenting with the use of a time-lapse camera at the ground-level. They have placed one phenocam at a site near a dense patch of wild leeks on the forest floor. Keep an eye out on the GLIFWC Facebook page for updates on the status of these phenocams. Expect to see new time-lapse videos of the spring green-up sometime in late summer. To learn more about GLIFWC’s climate change program, including links to past phenocam footage, please visit: http://glifwc.org/ClimateChange. GLIFWC phenology project in second year (Continued from page 6) Superior, Wis.—For the past 26 years Gary Johnson, director of First Nations Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Superior, has held an annual Spirit Pole Ceremony. This year was no different. The First Nations Center, the First NationsProgram,andtheNativeNations Student Organization hosted this event onApril 24. New Spirit Poles contain an eaglefeatherandribbonsrepresentingthe four directions. “We take the old Spirit Pole down and erect a new one under the guidance of an Anishinaabe spiritual advisor. The Spirit Pole represents traditional Anishinaabecultureandsignifiesthatwe have ties to the land that the university is on,” said Bret Evered, a lecturer of First Nations Studies at UW-Superior. “The Spirit Pole connects us to past generationswholookedoutforourfuture, to the present generations, and to the future generations to follow in our path and live a good life—Bimaadiziwin,” said Evered. Thisyearincludedatraditionalpipe ceremony by Dan Jones, an instructor of First Nations Studies at UW-S. A drum and song ceremony was also held byTroy Howes.After the spirit pole was erected, all that were present offered the Spirit Pole asemaa (tobacco). The event then moved into the Yellowjacket Union for an emotional evening about the historical trauma that NativeAmericans have endured, such as boarding schools and the Trail of Tears. The Ashland, Wisconsin Middle School Youth Drum Group began the eve- ning with traditional songs. Red Cliff Tribal Member and UW-Superior Student Jesse Van Wert presented his research on cultural trauma, discussing his personal experience with this topic. The main event of the evening was a blanket exercise which was intended to represent North America before the Europeans arrived. About 10 people started by standing on the blanket representing the Native Americans that inhabited this land. Slowly the “Europeans” moved onto the land and one by one blankets were removed to represent the land that was ceded to the United States. As more Europeans arrived the Native lands decreased and so did the people due to disease, war, and famine. At the end of the exercise only one blanket remained and two “Native Americans” who stood on the blanket. This represented how much was taken from the Native Americans. Shalese Snowdon, UW Student , ended the evening with a presentation about Sexual Violence Against Aboriginal Women in Minnesota. By Amanda Plucinski, For Mazina’igan Gary Johnson, Troy Howes, and Connor Bouchard tighten and secure the base of the Spirit Pole. (AP photo) Ashland Middle School Youth Drum Group opened the evening’s event. (AP) Spirit Pole Ceremony, Historical Trauma Event highlights native peoples at UW-Superior