MAZINA’IGAN PAGE 8 SUMMER 2017 Aquaticinvasivespecies(AIS)canhavenegativeimpactstotreatyresources including spawning and fish habitats. Remember when out on the waters to take the precautions to prevent their spread. Watch for invasives hitching rides on plant fragments, mud or debris! Stop Aquatic Invasives ü REMOVEanymudordebris,plantsandanimalsfromyourboat,trailer and equipment ü DRAIN all water from boat, fishing boxes and equipment ensuring it does not drain back into the waterbody. ü CLEAN or DRY boat, trailer and all equipment that came into contact with water including nets, buoys, anchors, ropes and lines, etc. Don’t forget to check these spots for hitchhikers. Ganawendan Ginibiiminaan (Protect Our Waters) • INVASIVE SPECIES • Duluth, Minn.—According to the Lake Superior LakewideAction and Man- agement Plan (LAMP), aquatic invasive species (AIS) are a high threat to the lake and surrounding basin due to their tendency to outcompete native species and the changes they make to the local ecosystem. Recently, a nonnative variety of phragmites has been found in the wetlands and shorelines of the Lake Superior basin. Infestations in the basin are not yet well established and removal efforts, such as the one in the St. Louis River estuary, are underway to prevent further spread. An open house sponsored by the St. Louis River Alliance April 20 featured informational booths about in-basin AIS prevention and promoted awareness of the environmental impacts of phragmites. Landowners learned how to prevent the spread of phragmites and the removal process if the invasive plants are on their property. The event provided an opportunity for stakeholders to interact with invasive species experts during a panel discussion followed by a question and answer session. The panel featured Wildlife Section Leader Miles Falck who shared his experiences of removing phragmites in the Ceded Territories as well as efforts by other agencies working on LAMP objectives and the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI). “Preventioniskey.Remediationisharder,lesseffective,andalotmoreexpen- sive than going in and taking out a few plants before they take over a whole lake’s shoreline. There’s a good chance that we can keep phragmites from becoming too much of an issue here in the Lake Superior basin,” said Falck. About forty people attended and learned about the story of phragmites in the Great Lakes basin, which included the differences between the native and invasive varieties, the suspected introduction vectors, and the environmental and economic impacts. Through the question and answer session, the public learned the protocols of removal treatments for small infestations of phragmites using herbicides and Public engagement, education key to phragmites control Phragmites experts: Brian Huberty (USFWS), Darcy Rutkowski (Upper Peninsula Resource Conservation and Development Council), Miles Falck (GLIFWC), and Brock Woods (WDNR) participated in an hour long panel discussion followed by a question and answer session moderated by the St. Louis River Alliance. (J. Ballinger photo) By Jennifer Ballinger, GLIFWC Outreach Specialist No news is good news Lastfall’semeraldashborer(EAB)update(“TurtleIsland’sforestsatrisk,” Winter 2016-2017 Mazina’igan) mentioned new county quarantines for EAB in central Upper Michigan, northern Wisconsin and around Duluth, Minnesota. Since then something notable has happened: No new Ceded Territory counties have been quarantined! While no one can say for sure whether or not more northwoods infestations will be found this summer, it appears as though the EAB is spreading into the region more slowly than expected. So chi-miigwech to everyone who has taken the “don’t move firewood” message to heart! We still have a modest number of 12 x 18 inch aluminum “Don’t Move Firewood” signs available. Tribal wardens, natural resource people and others are encouraged to put them up along main roads into reservations, at tribal campgrounds, at powwows, and anywhere else where they may remind people of what’s at risk. We also have flyers about EAB and other forest invasives. We can send you copies, or you can download your own from www.glifwc.org/ Forest_Pests/Education.html. Phragmites. (Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org) (See Phragmites control, page 16)