 Published by the Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission WINTER 2017/2018 Chronic wasting disease threat looms across region GLIFWC launches interactive CWD website By Travis Bartnick GLIFWC Wildlife Biologist Chronic wasting disease (CWD) continues to be a pressing concern for many throughout the Ceded Territories and across the nation. CWD is a contagious neurological disease that affects waawaashkeshi (deer), omashkooz (elk), and mooz (moose). CWD is not a type of virus or bacteria, but rather a type of abnormally shaped protein called a prion (pree- on). These prions can cause damage to brain and nerve tissue, and eventually lead to the death of the infected animal. Fortunately, the only detection of a CWD-positive free-ranging deer within the 1837, 1842, or 1854 Ceded Territories was found in the 1837 Ceded Territory near Shell Lake, Wis. in 2012. Despite an increase in CWD testing around the Shell Lake area (over 2,000 samples were collected from 2012-2016), no other CWD-positive free-ranging deerhavebeendetectedinthatarea.Thisisencouraging news for those who hunt deer in the Ceded Territories, but with additional reports of detections at captive deer farms in the region, there is still a great concern over the potential for CWD to spread to the wild herd. (see CWD threat, page 4) Ayaabe (buck) in the 1842 Ceded Territory. (COR photo) An interagency fire crew led by Dave Pergolski, Bureau of Indian Affairs, conducts a prescribed burn on the Stockton Island tombolo in late October. Emulating traditional native practices, the burn will help maintain a rare red pine barrens and generate native plant growth including blueberries. (Sara Sutton, NPS APIS photo) Fall harvest = hearty wintertime bread&soups Acorn squash Wild rice meal and finished manoomin. Learn more: www.glifwc.org/ publications/#Books Mii o` apii aadizookeng biboong. It is the time for storytelling in winter. W. Ballinger graphic Native fire management returns to Apostle Islands By Charlie Otto Rasmussen, Editor Apostle Islands, Wis.—The Ojibwe language blended with the rhythm of white, curling waves along the southwest shoreofStocktonIsland.Ringedbyahalf-dozenpipecarriers plus another 60 participants, Leon Boycee Valliere presided over a ceremony October 11 that would consecrate the first cultural burn within the storied Apostle Islands archipelago in generations. “By doing this ceremony, we’re seeking authorization,” said Valliere of Lac du Flambeau. “We’re looking to do this in a good way.” Valliere said he explained to the island and its spirits in Ojibwemowin that the coming burn would help cleanse and refresh the landscape, restoring plant and ani- mal communities that have faded after years of fire suppression. A few weeks later the controlled burn was completed over three days, executed by an experienced team comprised of National Park Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and US Forest Service specialists. From start to finish,theeffortrepresentsamajorsteptoward bringingnativeknow-howintothemainstream. TEK and a management (r)evolution WhenApostleIslandsNationalLakeshore (AINL) Park Ranger Damon Panek started fighting wildfires at the turn of the century, natural resource management agencies typi- cally adhered to a long-standing policy of fire suppression. Deadly, monstrous conflagra- (see Native fire, page 3) PAGE 1 MAZINA’IGAN WINTER 2017/2018