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MAZINAx19IGANPAGE12COLUMBIARIVERINTER-WhatTsagaglPortlandOre.x14ThisyearTsagaglalalShewhoWatcheswatchedasarecordnumberofsockeyesalmonreturneduptheColumbiaRiversincetheBonnevilleDamfirstblockedtheirpassagein1933.ShehasbeenwatchingfromherhighperchonarockyhillsideastheindigenouspeopleoftheColumbiaRiverbasinhavestruggledtorecovertheironceabundantfisheryunderthreatfromaseriesofdamserectedovertheyears.Thesepower-generatingdamshaveblockedthefishfromtheirspawninggroundsresultinginadramaticdeclineinreturningsalmonandPacificlampreyx14foodrelieduponbyTsgaglalalx19speopleforcenturies.Tsagaglalalwatchedasthefisheryfalteredandherpeoplex19straditionalfishinggroundssuchasthepopularCeliloFallswerefloodedoverandlost.ButthisyearshemusthavesmiledinherhearttowatchgreaternumbersofsalmonreturnupthegreatgushingColumbiaRiver.Shecouldalsosmiletoseein-lieufishingsitesfinallycompletedforthetreatyfishersx14longpromisedbythefederalgovernmentincompensationforthefloodingoftraditionalfishingareas.In-lieusitesaredesignatedareasfortribalfishersonlyandincludeboataccessroadsparkingboatrampsdocksfishcleaningtablesnetracksdryingshedsrestroomssheltersandmechanicalbuildings.Thelastof31siteswascompletedanddedicatedin2012.x1cThesitesareagoodsignofprogressandshowthatwecanaccomplishthesethingswhenweworktogetherx1dsaysSaraThompsonpublicinformationofficerfortheColumbiaRiverInter-TribalFishCommissionCRITFC.CommittedtotherecoveryofthefisheryonwhichthetribalculturedependsCRITFCanditsmembertribeshavebeeninvolvedinsalmonrecoverysinceitsincep-tionin1977andmorerecentlytotherecoveryofPacificlampreyalsoatraditionalfoodusedatfeastsandceremonies.CRITFCrepresentingfourColumbiaRivertribesistestimonytotheircom-mitmenttoreturnofthesalmonandtherecoveryoftheColumbiaRiverfisheries.BetweenthetribesandCRITFC450staffworktowardsthegoaloffishrecoveryintheColumbiabasin.Numeroushatcheriesrunsuccessfulprogramsputtingfishbackintothesystemwhilealsowatchingthegeneticsofthestrainstheyraiseandrelease.ThompsonmentionstheSnakeRiverfallchinookasanexample.Onceonthebrinkofextinctiontodaythereispotentialthespeciesmaybedelisted.Tribeshaveusedstate-of-the-arthatcherymanagementpracticestorebuildtherunwhilemaintainingtheintegrityofthepopulation.CRITFCmaintainsageneticslaboratoryoutsideofBoiseIdahothatcompletesgenetictestingforthetribes.Thereissomethoughtthatthecontributionsofhatcheryfishmaycontributetothegeneticabilitytoadapttowarmertemperatureswhichcouldbeasignificantattributeinthefuture.Yesclimatechangeisanotherissueconfrontedbytherecoveringsalmon.ThingsarechangingThompsonsayslikethespringrun-offsarelater.Freshettim-ingisoffchangingthetimingofthesalmonrun.Thespringchinookrunspurredbyflowsandtemperatureshasbecomelaterandlater.Thisisastoryinprogresstheabilityofthefishtoadapttochangingclimatehasyettounfold.Whilehatcheryproductionhasaidedintheresurgenceofsalmoninstallationoffishlad-dersatdamsitesaswellasdamremovalinsomeareashavealsoplayedalargerole.AtthegiganticBonnevilleDamwhichstretchesbetweenthestatesofWashingtonandOregonontheColumbiaRiverpassageforadultfishispartofthedesignaftertheoriginallockwasreplacedin1993.Thestruc-turefeaturestwopowerhousesand18spillwaysallowingadultfishtopassthroughthedamandheaduptherivertospawn.AccordingtoBenHausmannsupervisoryfisheriesbiologistattheBonnevilleDamsitefishissuesnowdictatehowthedamisrunanditcurrentlyaccommodatespassageforninemonthsoutoftheyearallowingpassageforspringsummerandfallruns.Specialsluicewayswitharapidflowalsoformajuvenileby-passsystemallowingtheyoungsterstomoveoutquickly.BonnevillealsotriestoaccommodatepassageofPacificlampreyaspeciesestimatedtobe450millionyearsold.Likethesalmontheyhavebeencut-offfromtheirspawninggroundsbydamsandtheirnumbersseriouslydiminished.Hausmannsaysthelampreyhaddifficultytransversingthepassagesdesignedforsalmonseem-inglyunabletonegotiatea90degreeangle.Consequentlyspecialpassagewayshavebeencreatedincludingafast-flowing30-footstreamofwaterthatthesnake-likelampreymiraculouslyclimbupx14aphenomenondifficulttoimagine.GLIFWCx19sNorthwestcounterpartTsagaglalalx1cShewhoWatchesx1dBackwhentheworldwasyoungtherewasawomannamedTsagaglalalsuh-GOG-la-lallwhowasthechiefofallwholivedinthisregion.Thiswasatimewhentheanimalslivedspokeandactedlikehumansandthehumanswerenotyetreal.WhenitwastimefortheworldtochangeCoyotecametothisplaceandaskedtheinhabitantsiftheywerelivingwellorill.EachinturnsenthimtoChiefTsagaglalalwholiveduponthebasaltcliffsoverlookinghervillageandtheriver.Fromthereshewatchedthevillageandallitshappenings.CoyoteclimbeduptothehouseontherocksandaskedTsagaglalalx1cWhatkindoflifedoyougivethesepeopleDoyoutreatthemwellorareyouoneofthoseevilwomenx1dx1cIamteachingthemtolivewellandbuildgoodhousesx1dTsagaglalalresponded.ToseethetruenatureofherheartCoyoteaskedTsagaglalalwhathergreat-estwishcouldbe.x1cIdesiretobeabletowatchovermypeopleforevershesaid.x1cSoontheworldwillchangeandwomenwillnolongerbechiefsx1drespondedCoyote.ButbeingthetricksterthathewasCoyotefoundawaytograntherdesirebychangingherintoarock.Hethenpromisedx1cTsagaglalalx1cYoushallstayhereandwatchoverthepeopleandtheriverforever.x1dTsagaglalalstillwatchesoverherpeopleeternallygazingonthesourceoftheirhealthx14theColumbiaRiverx14withherlargewatchfuleyes.x14oralstoryfromtribaleldersalongtheColumbiaRiverBySueEricksonStaffWriterTsagaglalalShewhowatchesanancientpetroglyphintherockyhillsoftheColumbiagorge.photobySueEricksonCRITFCstaffworkinsidethemammothBonnevilleDamdesignedtobringmigratingsalmonintothesystemformonitoringpurposes.AmidaconstantroarofwaterAgnesStrongandCrystalChulikrecordsalmonstatisticsasahandlercallsthemout.Scalesamplesaretakenforagecompositionandanclipforgenetics.photobySueEricksonABonnevilleDamshladderallowspassageforsalmonuptheColumbiaRivertospawn.Accommodationsfortheshhaveresultedinstrongerrunsbeingseenupriver.SE