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MAZINAx19IGANPAGE14WINTER20122013COMMERCIALFISHINGFamilybusinessbuiltfromthegroundupPetersonFishMarketcelebrates20yearsHancockMich.x14AlthoughGilmoreandPatPetersoncelebratedthe20thyearoftheirsuccessfulfishmarketin2012Gilmoreactuallyhasspentalifetimeaboardcom-mercialfishingtugsonLakeSuperiorandhasweatheredGichigamix19smanymoodswhilemakingalivingforhisfamily.ARedClifftribalmemberandafourthgenerationcommercialfishermanGilmorelearnedthetradefromhisfatherWilfredthesameasWilfredlearnedfromhisfather.TodayGilmorex19sthreesonsChrisJoelandMattplythewatersaboardthetugsThreeSonsandmorerecentlytheCharleen.Throughtheseasonstheybringintheall-importantcatchofwhitefishandlaketroutthatsupporttheirfamiliesx14allofwhomworkatthePetersonx19sFishMarketinHancockMichiganandtheadjacentx1cfishandchipsx1dcafFourSuns.x1cWeallworkherex1dsaysPatGilmorex19sbrideof43yearsx1csonsdaughter-in-lawsgrandkidsweallworkhereprocessingfishorinthecaf.x1dPetersonsemploynineteenpeopleabouttwo-thirdsofthosearefamily.Itx19shardworkforallsaysPatpleasedthebusinesshasgrownasaresultofthathardwork.x1cWestartedheretwentyyearsagowithtwentydollarsinthetill.WemadetwentydollarsthefirstdayandIthoughtx14wellatleastwehavetwentymoredollarsthanwehadinthemorning.x1dThePetersonsarecommittedtoregularlysupplyingfishtorestaurantsgrocerystorestheirownFourSunscafandkeepingastockintheirstorewherelocalsandtouristsstopintobuyfreshorsmokedfish.PetersonsFishMarketprocessesaboutatonoffisheveryotherday.IfPetersonscannotsupplythatthemselvestheybuyfromotherfishermenorfishbuy-ersandtheyalwaysmaintainfullfreezerstotidethemoverwhentheseasonsareclosedorweatherbecomesprohibitive.Thetugsareheavyandwell-builtcapableofbreakingthroughicewhenwintersetsinandthecoldthreatenstoicetheboatsin.ItcanbearuggedlifeonthelakebutthelifeoffishermenandtiestothelakeseemtoruninPetersonblood.YearsagoGilmorehadschooledtobeamachinistbutreturnedtothelake.TheiroldestsonChrisstudiedtobyaphysicaltherapistbutreturnedtothelakeandthelifeofafisherman.Bringinginenoughfishisthebig-gestchallengesaysPatbuttherearemanychallengesbehindthatgoalx14likemaintainingtheboatsmaintainingnetslearningthefisheryandfindingthefish.Oncethefishareinhoursoffiletingkeepfamilymembersbusywithflashingknivesandpacking.TrainedinthefederalprocessforsafefoodhandlingPetersonsattendtoallthenecessitiesofmakingsurethefishareprocessedproperlyfromstarttofinishsotheycandeliveracleanhealthyanddeliciousproducttotheircustomers.Theworkisintenseandconstantsevendaysaweekandsometimesrequiringeatingon-the-run.WhilesomefiletandpackfishforshippingotherfamilymembersarebusyattheuniqueandnauticalFourSunscafservingupdeliciousmealsoffreshwhitefishandlaketrouttocustomerswhoenjoytheirmealonanexpansiveopendeck.Thecafattractsabustlingbusinesswithaspreadingreputationfordelectablefish.Theyevenhadacouplecustomersarrivebyhelicopter.Andtherearemoreplansdowntheroad.Chrisisavidlypursuingx1cgreenx1dproductsx14waysofdealingwithwasteandusingtheentirefishpossiblyforpelletsfertilizerorevenfishoils.ThecafwillexpandandprovidemoreindoorseatingandalargerkitchenandPatforeseesagiftshop.ThePetersonsarepartofalongtraditionofcommercialfishingamongWisconsinx19sLakeSuperiortribes.AvidsubsistencefishermenpriortoEuropeansettlementtheLakeSuperiorOjibwequicklyfoundGichigamix19sfishtobeavaluedtradeitemonceexplorerspenetratedtothisinlandsea.Tribalfishermentradedfishharvestedfrombirchbarkcanoesusinggillnetsmadefromtwistedandknottedstripsofwillowbark.AsmoreandmoresettlerspushedintotheLakeSuperiorregionnon-Indiancom-mercialfishingbegantotakeholdwiththeuseoflargeboatsandmassivenets.Infactthe1930sfishingboomcoupledwiththeintroductionofthelaketrout-killingsealampreyviashippingnearlydevastatedthelaketroutpopulationby1960andseverelydiminishedotherLakeSuperiorspeciessuchaswhitefish.Sincethattimestateregulationshavebeeninplacetoaidintherecoveryofthefisherywithstricterlimitsoncommercialfishing.Stateregulationswereappliedtotribalfishermenaswelldespitetheirtreaty-retainedrighttohuntfishandgatherincededterritoriesandLakeSuperior.InordertoassertthetreatyrightRedCliffx19sformertribalchairmanandcommercialfishermanRichardGurnoewenttocourt.In1972theWisconsinSupremeCourtaffirmedthetreatyrightforsignatorytribestocommerciallyfishLakeSuperiorandtoself-regulatethatfisheryintheGurnoedecision.UltimatelythetreatytribesformedtheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCom-missionGLIFWCtojointlymanagetheLakeSuperiortribalcommercialfisheryaswellasoff-reservationinlandhuntingfishingandgatheringactivitiesinthecededterritories.TribalcommercialfishermeninLakeSuperiorprimarilytargetadikamegwhitefishbutalsofishforlaketroutsiscowetherringandsalmon.TribalcommercialfishingisregulatedthroughtribalcodesaswellasthroughnegotiatedagreementswiththestateofWisconsinfortheWisconsinwatersofLakeSuperior.Quotasaresetandadheredto.GLIFWCandtribalfisheriesbiologistsmonitorthefisherythroughannualassessmentsandworkwithstatefederalandtribalagenciesonrestorationandenhancementeffortsaswellasparticipateintheGreatLakesFisheryCommissionaninternationalconvention.GLIFWCwardensaswellastribalwardensenforcetribalcodesontribalcommercialfishingactivityandciteviolationsintotribalcourt.Manyofthetribesmaintainhatcher-iesstockingspeciessuchasogaawalleyeasaaweperchnamekoslaketroutandcoasterbrooktrout.GLIFWCstaffalsoassistwithmarketingeffortsprovidingtraininginfishinghandlingtechniquestoassurehighqualityproductsthatmeetfederalsafetystandards.ThetribesandGLIFWCarewatchfulofGichigamithankfulforthesustenanceithasprovidedthroughgenerations.Maintenanceofastrongfisherywithhealthyfishfreefrompollutantsisimportanttothefishingtribes.ConsequentlybothtribalandGLIFWCstaffworktopreserveandenhancethistremendousresourcewatchfulforpotentialnegativeimpactsfromdevelopmentsandinvasivespecies.Thefamily-ownedandmanagedPetersonx19sFisheriesisoneofseveralfishbusinessesrunbytribalfamilies.Theyareinter-generationalfamilybusinessesproudoftheirproductsbuiltbattlingGichigamix19svariablemoodsandstemfromanancientlifestylethathaslongsupportedthenativepeopleonGichigamix19sshores.FourSunsFishChipsexpandedtoaddadiningdeckwherepatronscanenjoytheviewandfreshairalongwiththefreshsh.Startingwithonesmalltrailertheshandchipsshophastakenonnewdimensionsandwillbeaddingmorekitchenspaceandanindoordiningroom.photobySueEricksonBySueEricksonStaffWriterCaughtinthemorningx14onthelettablebynoon.Petersonx19sgrandsonDerekandsonMattletthemorningx19scatchatPetersonx19sFishMarketafamilyoperatedbusinessinHancockMichigan.photobySueEricksonGilmorePetersonandhisshingtugThreeSuns.GilmorehasspenthislifeshingonGichigami.photosubmittedEssentialOjibwemowinadikamegx14whitefish