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MAZINAx19IGANPAGE16WINTER20122013LittleSandBayinWisconsin.ShiftingwatertemperaturescanalsoencouragethegrowthofsomeAISandaltertheturnoverrateofthewatercolumnscausingwaterdepletedofoxygentoremaininthedepthslongerthanpreviously.TherehavealsobeenlinksbetweenclimatechangeandsevereweathereventssuchasthefloodinginDuluthearlierthisyearwhichcandramaticallyincreasetheamountofsedimentandchemicalsreleasedintotheLakes.TheProtocolattemptstoad-dresstheseconcernsbyrequiringtheUnitedStatesandCanadatocoordinateeffortstoidentifyquantifyunderstandandpredicttheimpactsclimatechangemayhaveontheintegrityofthewaterintheGreatLakes.TheProtocolaltersthemanagementoftheagreementcreatingaGreatLakesExecutiveCommitteeGLECtoheadimplementation.InadditiontothetwofederalgovernmentsmembershipintheGLECcouldincluderepresentativesfromtribalstateprovincialandmunicipalgov-ernmentsfirstnationsMtisandpublicstakeholders.TherewillalsobeaGreatLakesWaterQualityBoardandaGreatLakesScienceAdvisoryBoardtoprovidepolicyandresearchadvicetotheInternationalJointCommissiononthehealthofthewateroftheGreatLakes.OutsideoftheProtocoltheGreatLakesAdvisoryBoardisastakeholderboardrecentlyestablishedbytheEnviron-mentalProtectionAgencytoadvisetheEPAAdministratoronGreatLakesprotectionandrestorationpolicylong-termgoalsandobjectivesforGreatLakesprotectionandrestorationandannualprioritiestoprotectandrestoretheGreatLakesthatmaybeusedtohelpinformbudgetdecisions.EverythreeyearsaGreatLakesPublicForumwillbeheldtoseekinputandadvicefromthepubliconthestateoftheLakesonbinationalprioritiesandtheprogressoftheProtocolonachievingitsobjectives.WhiletheInternationalJointCommissionwillprovideaprogressreporttothetwocountrieseverythreeyearstheeffectivenessoftheProtocolwillbeassessedbythetwocountrieseverynineyears.WaterqualityagreementCULTUREGLIFWCx19sMr.ManoominamusicmanatheartGrandRapidsMinn.x14WhenmanoominwildricedishesappearatGLIFWCfeastsoronthetablesofstaffatholidaystherex19sagoodchanceitcamefromJimMerhamaWhiteEarthtribalmemberknownregionallyasamanoominprocesser.AnnuallyGLIFWCpurchasesmanoominfromJimaswellasmaplesyrupbothusedforgiftsorfeastsaswellasforasmallstashforstaffwhowanttopurchaseapoundortwoofthex1cgoodberry.x1dGLIFWCx19sfirstcontactwithourx1cMr.Manoominx1dsupplierofwildricecameatoneoftheearlyfrostyceremoniesatSandyLakeMinnesotainDecember2000.HearingaboutthesunriseceremonytotakeplaceontheradioJimarrivedaround530a.m.onamorningthatsparkledwithfrost-ladenbranchesandthenhewaitedandwaiteduntileverybodyelseapparentlywithadifferentconceptofsunrisearrivedaround800a.m.orafter.SincethatmorninghehasbeenaregularattheannualceremoniescommemoratingthetragiceventsatSandyLakeatonetimethehomeofhisancestorsbeforetheywereremovedtoWhiteEarth.CurrentlyaresidentofGrandRapidsJimlearnedmanyofhisnativeskillsfromhisgrandparentsatWhiteEarthparticipatingasayouthinfull-blownfamilyricingcampseachfallwithgrandmaandgrandpaauntiesunclescousinssistersandbrothers.Similarlyhelearnedtotapthemaplesinthespring.Hestillparticipatesinbothactivitiesbuthasbroughtthemtoanewlevelx14withautomationandtechnology.Heisabletotapfrom1700to2500mapletreesusingamechanizedhoseandvacuumsystemwithinalargemaplestand.Howeveraftertwopoorspringshehasnowbroughthisequipmenthomeandplanstotaplocally.Changingweatherpatternshavemadeforpoormaplesaprunswhichrelyonax1cfreeze-at-nightx14thaw-in-the-dayx1dpattern.ComefallhereturnstoWhiteEarthtoricethenheadsbackhometostartuphisprocessing.x1cOncethatstartsIx19matitalldayuntilitsdonenon-stop.x1dCurrentlyhehasfiveparchers.JimprocessesmanoominforindividualsandfortheWhiteEarthtribex14thisyearthatturnedouttobe9000poundsoffinishedricex1411000poundsshortofwhatthetribehadhopedfor.Aswithmaplesapthemanoominharvestwaspoorthisseason.AconscientiousharvesterhimselfJimhasnopatienceforthex1cearlybirdsx1dx14peoplewhobeginricingbeforeitsready.x1cTheybringittometoprocesstwoweeksbeforethericeisevenready.Iwonx19tdoit.Theyhavetowait.Youhavetowaituntilthericeisdarkbrownalmostblackandfallseasilyx1dhesays.Healsogetsimpatientwithfolksthatpoundthericebreakingthestalksandharmingtheplantsconsciousthatsuchharvestingtechniquesdestroychancesforregeneration.JimalsoharvestsbirchbarkstripsbasswoodlikehisGrandmatoldhimandinthe1960sbuilt22wiigwaasjiimaananbirchbarkcanoes.Yearsagoheuseda14-footbirchbarkcanoewhentrappingbuttradeditforanewRemington.HealsobraintanshidesanotherskilltaughtbyGrandmaontherez.BytradeJimisacarpenterandcabinet-maker.Infacthetradedacustombathroomcabinetforaparcherandhullerwhenhewasstartingupriceprocessing.ButwithallthatsaidJimisreallyamanofmusicinlovewithhisseveralguitarsandthosecountrytunesx14andthatx19swherehespendshissparehours.ActuallyJimhisbrotherGerryandsisterElizabethperformedastheMerharTriotravelingtoperformancesintheU.SCanadaFranceandGermany.Jimx19sfatherwhoworkedintheminesasamasterelectriciantookhiskidsabout80milestoBemidjieverySaturdayforguitarlessonsandthenfollowedthroughbymakingthempracticeanhourtoanhour-and-a-halfeveryday.Jimstartedplayingin1952.Hisdadx19seffortpannedoutasthetriobecameprofessionaleventuallylandinginNashvilleplayingback-upforsomeofthebignamesincountrymusic.Butthemusi-calthreesomehadnotbeeninNashvillelongwhenUncleSamdrewJimx19snameforthedraftandhewasoffonatwo-yeartourinVietnam.HereturnedtoNashvilleforaboutayearoncebackintheStatesbutthelifetheredidnx19tappealtohimanymoresoheheadedhometoMinnesota.BrotherGerryhoweverspenttwenty-fiveyearsasastaffmusicianfortheGrandOleOpera.GerrywasasteelplayerforLorettaLynnplayedback-upfortheLuovinbrothersandwasonthesamet.v.showasJohnnyCash.Eventhoughhewasnx19tpartoftheNashvillesceneanymoreJimcontinuedtoplay.x1cIx19veplayedineverylittlehonky-tonkaroundhereovertheyearsx1dhecommentsandhestillplaysatlocaleventsorfund-raisersfortheFoodShelforToysforTots.Sometimestherex19salittleget-togetherjusttojamx14acoupleguitarsandhissononthedrums.InthemiddleofJimx19slivingroomstandsashinysteelguitarx14newandobviouslyhisprideandjoy.Thisinstrumentrepresentshiscurrentchallengeasamusician.Ax1cJacksonCommemorativex1dthissteelguitarfeaturesfourfoot-pedalsfourknee-leversplusafullsetofstringsx14offeringafantasticrangeofsoundoptions.Jimisworkingonmasteringthiscomplexinstrumentandhavingfundoingit.ButhealsohashisoldreliableFenderelectronicguitarsathandreadytostrikeatuneatanytime.Andifyoustopbyhex19llprob-ablydojustthat.BySueEricksonStaffWriterGLIFWCx19sMr.ManoominstrikesupatuneononeofhisFenderguitars.JimMerhamWhiteEarthperformedcountrymusicprofessionallywhenhewasyoungandstilllovestoplayandsingwhennotprocessingmanoominortappingthatsweetmaplesap.AnewchallengeisthesteelguitaraJacksonCommemorativethathasyourhandsfeetandkneesgoingsimultaneously.Continuedfrompage7Continuedfrompage1ofthesechemicalsarenotyetmonitoredintheenvironmentandtheirpotentialimpactsonournaturalresourcesandourhealthareunknown.TheZDDPhasresultedinsignificantreductionsofemissionsofcriticalchemicalsfromwithintheLakeSuperiorbasin.Itmaybetemptingtosometopointoutthatthesourceswithinthebasinaresmallcomparedtotheamountofthesechemicalsenter-ingtheLakeSuperiorecosystemthroughatmosphericdepositionfromout-of-basinsources.Butithasbeenshownthatlocalandregionaldecreasesincontaminantemissionsdirectlyresultinlowercontaminantlevelsintheenvironmentfishandwildlife.Furtherthesuccessofthisdemonstrationprogramcanserveasamodelforotherregionsandprovidesconfidencethatprogramsaimedatreducingcontaminantemissionselsewherecouldbesuccessful.Boththefullreportandashortsum-maryversionofthereportcanbefoundontheU.S.EnvironmentalProtectionAgencywebsiteatwww.epa.govglnpolakesuperior.ReducedtoxicemissionsintheGreatLakesbasinFindusonFacebookwww.facebook.comGLIFWC