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MAZINAx19IGANPAGE20WINTER20122013KIDSx19PAGESquantoTisquantumknownasSquantowasaPatuxetIndianwhohelpedthepeopleoftheMayflowersurvivethefirstwinterinwhattheycalledthex1cNewWorld.x1dHehadalottodowithmakingthex1cfirstThanksgivingx1dhappen.SquantospokeEnglishsowasabletotalkwiththepilgrims.HecouldspeakEnglishbecauseEnglishexplorerskidnappedhimfromhishomeinwhatisnowthestateofMassachusetts.AfteryearsoftravelprobablyasaslaveSquantogothometofindfewofhistriberemained.Theyhaddiedfromaterriblesicknessandthevillagewasempty.SquantoandexplorerThomasDermerwereconfrontedbypeoplefromtheneighboringWampa-noagtribeandSquantowastakencaptivebythem.WhenthepilgrimslandedatthesiteoftheoldPatuxetvillagein1620theWampanoagleaderMassasoitsentSquantototalkwiththenewpeople.Squantobecamefriendswiththepilgrimswhowerehavingaveryhardtimelivinginthisnewland.ItwasSquantowhoshowedthemhowtoplantcornandfertilizeitwithfish.Heshowedthemhowtogetsapfromthetreesandhowtocatcheels.Heshowedthemwhatplantscouldbeeatenorusedformedicineandwhichcouldmakeyousick.Healsohelpedgettradegoingbetweenthesettlersandtheareax19stribes.Inthefallof1621thenewsettlerswerehappytohaveagoodharvestanddecidedtohaveafeast.Theircropshadgrownwellandtheyhadenoughfoodforthewinterx14thankstoallthehelpfultipsfromSquanto.Someofthemenwentouttoshootbirdsforthemealprobablywildturkeyandgeese.ThePatuxetIndianwhohelpedmakeThanksgivinghappenThanksgivingsecretmessagedecoderpuzzleDecodeandsolvethesecretThanksgivingphrase.Fillintheblankswiththeletterthatmatcheseachpictureintheboxbelow.WampanoagsPeopleoftheFirstLightThedescendantsoftheWampanoagsstillliveintheirhomelandnowknownasMarthax19sVineyard.TherearetwofederallyrecognizedWampanoagtribestheWampanoagTribeofGayHeadalsoknownastheAquinnahWam-panoagandtheMashspeeWampanoag.BySueEricksonStaffWriterGIZEMWACHNEssentialOjibwemowinmiigwechiwi-giizhiganx14itisthanksgivingTheshotsfromthehuntersx19gunswereheardintheWampanoagvil-lageandtheythoughttheirmightbesomekindofattacktakingplace.SoMassasoitwithninetywarriorscametothenewsettlementonlytofindabigfeastwasgoingon.Althoughtheyhadlotsoffoodonthetabletherewasnx19tenoughforninetymorepeopleSoMassasoitsenthismentohuntdeertoaddtothefeast.Theycamebackwithfivedeerandstayedforthreedays.ThisisconsideredthefirstThanksgiving.Ayearlaterin1622Squantohimselfdiedofafever.ThegovernorofthecolonyatthetimeWilliamBradfordwrotethatSquantox19sdeathwasx1cagreatloss.x1dThepilgrimsandtheWampanoaghadanagreementtoprotecteachotherbutitonlylastedabout50years.ManyoftheWampanoagpeoplewerekilledinawarwithEnglandcalledKingPhillipsWar.TheWampa-noaglostthewarandmanyofthemenweretakenasslaves.Othersfledthearea.AsmoreandmoreEnglishsettlersarrivedinNewEnglandlandwasswindledanddiseasesalsotookmanyWampanoaglives.FewoftheWampanoagremained.InformationforthisaccountwastakenfromSquantoFriendtothePilgrimswww.socialstudiesforkids.comarticlesushistorysquanto.htmThepilgrimsmayhaveperishedifitwerenx19tforthekindnessandassistancegiventhembytheNativeAmericans.reprintedfromUSA-Printableshistorycoloringpages1911illustrationofTisquantumorSquantoteachingthePlymouthcoloniststoplantmandaamincornusingsh.illustrationfromWikipedia.com