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PAGE3MAZINAx19IGANWINTER20122013MININGMarquetteMich.x14TheLakeSuperiorBinationalForumhelditssecondofthreemeetingsaboutminingintheLakeSuperiorbasinSeptember28inMarquetteMichigan.WithanincreasedinterestinminingintheareatheForumhopesthesemeetingswilleducatethepublicaboutwaystoprotectandrestoreLakeSuperiorx19senvironmentandnaturalresources.Thismeetingfocusedonnonferrousminingalsoknownassulfideminingwhilethefirstmeetingwasmainlyaboutferrousironmining.ThismeetingalsohighlightedtheForumx19svisionstatementthatx1cWaterislifeandthequalityofwaterdeterminesthequalityoflife.x1dManyofthepresentationsdiscussedthepossiblewaysthatnonferrousminingcanimpactwaterqualityintheLakeSuperiorbasin.KeweenawBayIndianCommunityx19sminingtechnicalassistantJessicaKoskigavealectureontheuniqueroleNativeAmericantribeshaveintheminingprocess.ManytribesintheLakeSuperiorbasinhaveoff-reservationtreatyrightsintheircededterritories.Thereforetheyhaveinterestsandcertainlegalrightsregardingtheenvironmentalimpactsaminemaycause.Oneexampleisatribex19sClassIairqualitydesignationfromtheEnvi-ronmentalProtectionAgency.WithaClassIdesignationthosestandardsareenforceableinthereservationboundariesaswellasina60-mileradiusoutsidetheboundaries.Themeetingwaswellattendedwithover100peopleandanearlythree-hourpublicquestionandanswerandcommentsession.Theentiremeetingincludingpresentationsandcommentperiodisavailableforonlineviewingatwww.superiorforum.org.ThethirdBinationalForummeetingonminingwillbeheldinMarch2013inMinnesota.WaterqualitythefocusofminingimpactmeetingJessicaKoskiKBICx19sminingtechnicalassistantcoveredthemanywaystribesintheLakeSuperiorbasinareinvolvedintheminingprocess.JBByJenniferBurnettGLIFWCOutreachSpecialistBySueEricksonStaffWriterFederalActwouldredefinestandardsforminingpermitsWashingtonD.C.x14TheNationalStrategicandCriticalMineralsProductionActpassedtheHouseofRepresentativesinJulywitha256-160votelargelyalongpartylinesandiscurrentlyunderconsiderationbytheUSSenate.TheAdministrationx1cstronglyop-posesHR4402x1dstatingthatthebillwouldx1cundermineandremovetheenvironmentalsafeguardsforataminimumalmostalltypesofhardrockminesonFederallands.x1dBasicallythebillstreamlinestheminingpermitprocessrequiringtheleadagencytheagencytomakethepermittingdecisiontomaximizedevelopmentofthemineralresourceswhilemitigatingenviron-mentalimpacts.Theleadagencywouldberequiredtomakepermittingdecisionswithin30monthswhileengagingotheragenciesandstakeholdersearlyintheprocess.Theleadagencywouldalsoberesponsibleforsettingtimelinestobemetduringvariousstagesofthepermittingprocess.Thebilldefinesdomesticmineprojectsthatwouldprovidestrategicandcriticalmin-eralsasx1cinfrastructureprojectsx1dadefinitionthatwouldalsospeedthepermittingprocess.Thebillwouldlimittheabilityofcivilgroupstomountlegalchallengesrequiringlitigationtobelaunchedwithin60daysofthepermitapprovalandplaceslimitationsonattorneysx19feesstatingthatthefederalgovernmentwillnotberesponsibleforat-torneysx19feesinthesecivilactions.InitsobjectionstothebilltheAd-ministrationstatesthatprotectionofthepublicwouldbex1ccircumventedbythebillx19sprovisionsx1dwhichallowsforNationalEnvironmentalPolicyActNEPAreviewtobeeliminatedandcircumventspublicinvolvementintheprocess.Thebillalsobroadensthespectrumofmineralstobecoveredbythelegislation.Currently17mineralsareconsideredtobex1crareearthx1dmineralsbutthebillcoversmin-eralsthatsupportmanufacturinghousingtransportationandothersectorsalongwithmineralsimportantforeconomicsecurityandbalanceoftrade.Thex1cFindingsx1dinthebillindicatethatx1ctheavailabilityofmineralsandmineralmaterialsareessentialforeconomicgrowthnationalsecuritytechnologicalinnovationandthemanufacturingandagriculturalsup-plychainx1dandiscrucialtothecountryx19seconomicwell-being.Thex1cFindingsx1dalsopointoutthattheUnitedStateshasincreasingdependenceonforeignmineralsandlagsasacompetitorformineralextractionwiththepermittingprocesstakingthelongestof25nationsconsideredtobemajorsourcesofminerals.Thebillfindsthatinx1cthe2012RankingofCountriesforMiningInvestmentoutof25majorminingcountriestheUnitedStatesrankedlastwithPapuaNewGuineainpermittingdelaysandtowardsthebottomregardinggovernmenttakeandsocialissuesaffectingmining.x1dInitsobjectiontothebilltheAdmin-istrationstateditx1cstronglysupportsthedevelopmentofrareearthelementsandothercriticalmineralsbutrejectstheno-tionthattheirdevelopmentisincongruentwithenvironmentalprotectionandpublicinvolvementinagencydecision-making.x1dTheAdministrationalsoseesthelegislationaspotentiallythreateningtohuntingfish-ingrecreationandotheractivitieswhichalsocreatejobsandsupportcommunitiesnationwide.ToreviewtheActgotohttpwww.govtrack.uscongressbills112hr4402text.FortheAdministrationx19sstatementofpolicygotohttpwww.whitehouse.govsitesdefaultfilesomblegislativesap112saphr4402r_20120710.pdfWisconsinWisconsinx19sSenateSelectCommitteeonMiningchairedbyTimCullenishopingtohaveanewironminingbilloutofcommitteebymid-December.AccordingtothechairmanthebillwillbesubstantiallydifferentfromtheAssemblybillproposedlastyear.SenatorCullenhasstatedthatthedraftingofthebillwillincludeparticipationbyallpoliticalparties.Atleastonepublichearingonthelegislationisproposed.MichiganKennecottMineralsisblastingthroughEagleRocktotheorebodyatitsEagleproject.InOctoberthecompanyreachedtheorebodyaftertunnelingforap-proximatelyamileintobedrock.Theycontinuetoconstructsurfacebuildingsandothermineinfrastructure.Theproposed21-milehaulroadfororefromtheEagleminesitetotheHumboldtprocessingfacilityisstillbeingreviewedbypermittingagencies.Theroadwouldinvolve22streamcrossingsandwoulddirectlyimpact25acresofwetlands.RecentlytherewasaspillofpitwaterandclayfromtheHumboldtMillsiteintolocalwetlands.Thespilloccurredduringconstructionofawalltocontaintailingsthatwouldbedepositedintoapitlakeatthesite.Thesiteisriddledwithundergroundchannelsfromhistoricalminingandthewallconstructionintersectedsomeoftheoldworkings.OrvanaMineralsCorporationx19sCopperwoodprojectnearWakefieldcontinuestoworkitswaythroughthepermittingprocess.Thecompanyhasappliedforastateminingpermitstreamandwetlandfillpermitandawaterdischargepermit.Theminingpermitwasgrantedbuttheotherpermitsarestillunderreview.ThecompanyhasnotyetappliedforawaterwithdrawalpermittotakewaterfromLakeSuperior.Thecompanyhassaidthatitisaskingthelocalwaterutilitytoapplyforthepermittosupplyprocesswaterforthemine.MinnesotaGLIFWCandtribalstaffcontinuetoworkwithstateandfederalagenciestoevaluatetheproposedPolymetproject.AseconddraftEnvironmentalImpactStatementisscheduledtobereleasedinthesummerof2013.Inrecentdocu-mentstheapplicanthasproposedmorecompletecaptureofwaterleakingfromtheexistingtailingsbasins.Thatwaterwouldbetreatedusingreverseosmosispriortodischargetoareawaterwaysorwetlands.Becausetheoverburdenandoreareexpectedtogenerateleachatecontainingsubstantialpollutantstheclosureoftheprojectattheendofminingisexpectedtorequireactivewatertreatment.TheUtacironminenearEvelethMinnesotahasappliedtotheArmyCorpsforawetlandpermittofill1200acresofwetlandbog.Thisareawouldbeusedforconstructionofathirdtailingsbasinfortaconiteproduction.SeveraltribesareindiscussionwiththeArmyCorpstoensurethatnaturalresourcesofinteresttothetribesareadequatelyprotected.NationalForestlandsTheOttawaandtheChequamegon-NicoletNationalForestsaredoingEnviron-mentalAnalysesforprospectingforsulfideoresnearBerglandMichiganandnearMedfordWisconsin.TribalstaffhavemetwithstafffrombothForeststodiscusstheseexplorationproposals.UpdateMininginthecededterritoryByJohnColemanGLIFWCEnvironmentalSectionLeader