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PAGE7MAZINAx19IGANWINTER20122013OdanahWis.x14OnSeptember7thefederalgovernmentsoftheUnitedStatesrepresentedbyLisaJacksonAdministratoroftheEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyandCanadarepresentedbyPeterKentEnvironmentMinistersignedtheGreatLakesWaterQualityProtocolx1cProtocolx1drenewingandupdatingtheircommitmenttoa40-yearoldagreementoutlininghowthetwocountrieswillprotectandrestorethehealthofthewatersoftheGreatLakes.Firstsignedin1972theGreatLakesWaterQualityAgreementGLWQAwaslastupdatedin1987.TheupdatesincludedintheProtocolaresignificantx14theyredirectfocusonpreventionratherthancleanupfocusoncollaborationwithothergovernmentsincludingTribalandFirstNationsrespondtonewemergingthreatstothequalityofwaterintheGreatlakesthatdidnotexistatthetimeofthelastupdateandupdateandshiftmanagementapproaches.WhilepreviousversionsoftheProtocolhavefocusedoncleaningupdamagecausedbypastactivitiestheProtocolfocusesinsteadonprevention.NotingthatitcontinuestobenecessarytoresolveexistingenvironmentalproblemstheProtocolgoesontosaythatitisequallynecessarytoanticipateandpreventfutureenvironmentalproblems.ThisnewpreventativeapproachfindsitswayintotheProtocolx19sfocusonemergingthreatsandnewprecautionarymanagementapproaches.ThiscanbeseenintheshiftintheimplementationoftheLakewideManagementPlansknownasx1cLaMPs.x1dTheProtocolcontinuestheuseofLaMPsastoolstoassessthestatusofeachlakeandaddressenvironmentalstressorsonthequalityofwater.HowevertheProtocolnowrequireseachLaMPtoestablishLakeEcosystemObjectivesasassessmentbenchmarksandrequireseachLaMPtoidentifyresearchmonitoringandotherscienceprioritiesfortheassessmentoffuturepotentialthreatstowaterqualityratherthanrequiringplansonlytomonitortheprogressofcurrentremedialactivities.IndevelopingandimplementingprogramsunderthisnewProtocolthefederalgovernmentsoftheUnitedStatesandCanadaarerequiredtocooperateandcoordinatewithstateprovincialtribalandmunicipalgovernmentsaswellasFirstNationsMtisandpublicagenciesandstakeholders.Thisincludeswhendevelopingbestmanagementpracticesgeneralandspecificobjectivesprogramsforpollutionabatementcontrolandpreventionandallx1cpertinentmatters.x1dThisnewcoordinationrequirementisespeciallysignificantwithregardtotribesandfirstnationswhichwerenotspecificallymentionedinpreviousiterationsoftheGLWQA.InadditiontorecognizingtheimportanceoffullcooperationandparticipationinprogramstorestoreandprotectthehealthoftheGreatLakestheProtocolrecognizesthatthreatsfacingtheGreatLakeshavechanged.Since1987newthreatstothequalityofwaterintheGreatLakeshaveemergedandthisnewProtocoladdressesthemostseriousofthosethreats.ForexampleaquaticinvasivespeciesAISwerenotaddressedatallinthelastversionoftheGLWQA.Sincethelastupdatein1987AIShavebecomeoneofthepreeminentthreatstothehealthoftheGreatLakesecosystemsseriouslyimpactingGreatLakesecosystemsfromdirectcompetitionwithnativespeciesforfoodandhabitatpredationanddiseaseandalsobyalteringthefoodchainandwebs.RecognizingthattheseimpactscandramaticallyaffectwaterqualitytheProtocolrequirestheUnitedStatesandCanadatofocusonthepreventionreductionandcontrolofAISintheGreatLakes.TheProtocolrequiresthecountriestodevelopprevention-basedprogramstoeliminatenewintroductionsofAISevenintheabsenceofscientificcertaintyofanythreattheimplementationofprotectiveballastwaterdischargeprogramstheimplementationofproactiveandcoordinatedriskassessmentsonvariouspathwaysthedevelopmentofregulationormanagementstrategiesbasedonriskassessmentsthecoordinationandimplementationofmanagementstrategieseducationandoutreacheffortsandtheestablishmentofeffectivebarrierstopreventthespreadofAIS.AnotheremergingthreattothequalityofwaterintheGreatLakesisclimatechange.IncreasingnearshoreandsurfacewatertemperatureiswidelybelievedtobeaculpritinthespreadofalgalbloomsinseveraloftheGreatLakesincludingthissummerx19sblue-greenCynobacteriaalgalbloomonthebanksofLakeSuperiorbetweenCornucopiaandByJenVanatorGLIFWCGreatLakesProgramCoordinatorElkharvestedforceremonialpurposesClamLakeWis.x14OnespikebullelkwasharvestedbyaLacCourteOreilleselderonSeptember14nearClamLakeWisconsinunderaceremonialpermitis-suedthroughtheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommission.TheelkwasneededforaspecialThanksgivingceremonyrecognizingthegiftsofAkiEarth.TheceremonytookplaceonSeptember17ontheBadRiverreservation.Theintertribalhuntbeganfollowingaceremonyandwithinforty-fiveminutestheyoungelkshowedhimselfforacleanshot.Theelkwashandledwithrespectthroughoutandalsohonoredduringtheceremony.Allpartsoftheelkwereused.SampleswerealsotakenforCWDtesting.BiologistsstudyMilleLacsLakewalleyeDuluthMinn.x14AmodelingsubcommitteeoftheMinnesota1837FisheriesTechnicalCommitteeMnFTCmetinlateOctobertoreviewassessmentmodelsandlookatdatapertainingtotheabundanceandhealthofwalleyeinMilleLacsLake.BoththeMinnesotaDepartmentofNaturalResourcesandGLIFWCperformannualpopulationassessmentsinthelakeandsharedata.Atthistimeinforma-tionisbeinganalyzed.FindingswillbesharedduringtheannualmeetingoftheMnFTCinJanuary.SeeCooperativefisheriessurveyspage9EHDfoundinsouthernWisconsindeerherdMadisonWis.x14EpizooticiHemorrhagicDiseaseEHDisaviraloftenfataldiseasecarriedbymidgesthataffectswhite-taileddeer.Itx19soccurrenceinWisconsinwasconfirmedinSeptemberinColumbiaRockDaneSaukandWaukeshaCountiesaccordingtoaWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourcesWDNRpublication.MildEHDinfectionsaremostprevalentinthesoutheasternUnitedStatesbuthaveoccurredinalmostallstates.TheWDNRwillcontinuetomonitorforthediseaseandasksthatanywhite-taileddeerthatappearsickoraredeadbereportedtotheWDNR.Calltollfreeat1-888-936-7463oremailatDNRInfowisconsin.gov.CededTerritoryNewsBriefsMichigancontemplateswolfhuntLansingMich.x14WithwolfhuntsunderwayinMinnesotaandWisconsinMichiganisconsideringthesame.Twobillstomakethegraywolfagamespe-cieshavebeenintroducedoneintheHouseandoneintheSenate.Michiganestimatesthewolfpopulationtobeabout700withmostofthewolvesresidinginthewesternUpperPeninsula.Act168opensWis.stateparkstohuntingtrappingTheWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourcessoughtinputfromtheVoigtIntertribalTaskForceatitsNovember1meetingontheenactmentofAct168whichopensstateparksinWisconsintohuntingfishingandtrapping.Thelegisla-tionwillbeeffectiveonJanuary1.Currentproposalssuggestclosinghuntingandtrappingwithin100yardsofareasusedforcampingpicnickingorswimmingandanopenseasonfromOctober15throughMemorialDayweekend.Waterfowldie-offinLakeMichiganGulliverMich.x14About700deadwaterbirdshavebeendiscoveredinSep-temberandOctoberontheshoresofLakeMichigannearGulliverinSchoolcraftCounty.Amongthemwereover200commonloons.ResearchersbelievethedeathswerecausedbyType-Ebotulism.Similarepisodeshavebeenrecordedin2006and2007.November4theMiningJournalGLIFWCtoholdwinterculturecampOdanahWis.x14GLIFWCx19swinterculturalprogramISHPAAGOONIKAAwillbeheldinearly2013.ThiscampcentersaroundtheMedicineWheelfocus-ingonGreatLakesNativeAmericantraditionalecologicalknowledgeandtreatyrightsexplorationduringthewintermoons.Datesandlocationstillbeingdecided.ContactHeatherNaigusGLIFWCYouthOutreachCoordinatoraboutupcom-ingyouthactivitiesat906-458-3778orhnaigusglifwc.org.SeealsoGLIFWCx19swebsitewww.glifwc.orgorfacebookwww.facebook.comGLIFWC.HNx14CompiledbySueEricksonStaffWriterGREATLAKESNEWSBRIEFSUpdatedWaterQualityAgreementincludessignificantchangesFocusoncollaborationpreventionintheGreatLakesQuaggamusselsoneofmanyinvasivespeciesaffectingtheGreatLakeshaveinvadedalloftheGreatLakes.photoreprintedfromhttplaketrek.blogspot.com201201invasion-of-great-lakes-quagga-mussels.htmlSeeWaterqualityagreementpage16