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MAZINAIGANPAGE18WINTER2013-2014CULTURALInnaturesclassroomKidslearnlanguageOjibweartsandskillsWatersmeetMich.LacVieuxDesertsLVDSummerCultureCampopenedwithaprayerandatalkinourOjibwelanguageasmigiziseemedtositinmid-airandwatchwhatweweredoing.BeginningMondayAugust21standendingonAugust23rdLVDyouthandfamiliesengagedinathree-daycampwheretheycouldspeakandlearnOjibwelanguageaswellasotherculturalandtraditionalartforms.Drawing44participantstogethertheeventtookplaceattheOldIndianVillageinWatersmeetMichigantheoriginalhomelandsandlocationofourOldVillage.AllpresentersLeonValliereWayneValliereandGregJohnsonallfromLacduFlambeauincorporatedOjibwemowinintoeverypresentation.Participantswereblessedwithlearningthesetraditionalartsfromlocaltalentedandaccom-plishedNativeAmericanartists.WorkshopsincludedLeonValliereOjibwelanguagedeerhidetanningGregJohnsonBirchbarkbasketsWayneValliereBuckskintobaccopouchesbonechokernecklacesWayneValliereTraditionalgamesWaabanookweandKenLaRockCanningvenisonAtafeastonthefirstdayOjibwelanguageinstructorspeakerLeonVallieregavethetalkforthefoodandforthedayscampinourlanguagebutthenexplainedtotheparticipantswhathesaidsotheycouldunderstand.WayneVallieremadetobaccopouchesandbonechokernecklaceswhiletellingOjibwestoriesduringtheclasses.Healsohostedanarrayoftraditionalgamesforthechildrenandyouthwiththechildrenreallyenjoyingthespearthrowinggame.GregJohnsoninstructedthebirchbarkbasketandbirchbarkmedallionclasses.ToseethesmilesonthefacesofthosewhofinishedamedallionthattheydesignedandetchedwaspricelessLeonVallieretannedtwohideswiththeparticipantsandsmokedthehidesaftertheprocesswascompleted.Theyouthwereveryeagertolearnthisaswellasseveraloldercommunityparticipantswhorememberedwatchingtheirgrand-parentstanninghideswhentheywerelittle.WaabanookweLaRockLacVieuxDesertOjibweandKenLaRockLacCourteOreillesOjibweprocessedcutupandcanned106quartsofwaawaashkeshi.Eachparticipantwastreatedwithaquartofvenisontotakehomeandsharewithfamily.TheparticipantsweretrulyblessedwiththisbeautifulsettingatKetegitigaan-inglakesideandthereseemedtoalwaysbeaconstantpresenceofmigizi.Anotherwonderfulthingwasthatcellphonesdidntworkoutthere.Wewereawayfrommanyofmoderntechnologysgadgetswithveryfewdistractionswhichmakestheinteractionssomeaningful.CampcoordinatorgiiweMartinexplainedwhyitissoimportanttohostthesecampsinanaturalsetting.WhilethechildrenarelearningthingsabouttheirOjibweculturetheteachingmethodwhichisanormalwayoflifefortheAnishinaabepeopleisallhands-on.Therearenobooksorpaperhandoutsorslidepresentationsorinternet.Itisinourveinstolearnthesethingsinournaturalsurroundingsandtheparticipantsaremoreinclinedtofeelcomfortableoutinnature.FarfromthemethodsofaclassroomsettingasweknowittodayandmuchmoreconducivetolearningweareblessedtobeoutsideandsurroundedwithnatureallgiftsfromtheCreator.TheneedtoreviveandstrengthenknowledgeoftheOjibwelanguageandcul-tureiscriticaltodayasourchildrenarenotlearningthesethingsintheclassroomunlessofcoursetheyareluckyenoughtoattendschoolswherethesethingsarebeingtaughtonaregularbasis.ThepresenterseldersandfamiliesattheCampformedrelationshipsthatwilllastlongafterthecampdaysaregone.WhenaskedayouthparticipanttoldtheproviderIneverdidanyofthesetypesofactivitybeforeandIamreallyhavingfunWhenisthenextcampImademyselfatobaccopouchandIlearnedwhatitisusedfor.IwillusetheoneImadeeveryday.Iwastaughtwhatthetobaccowasforinthepouchandthesignificanceofthismedicinethatweweregiven.Allofthesethingsarenewtome.ReflectingonthecampsexperiencegiiweMartincommentedItsaverycrucialpointintimerightnowasoureldersareleavingandtheknowledgetheycarrygoeswiththem.IalwaysaskmyselfWilltheyoungergenerationlearnthesethingsbeforeitistoolateWilltheylearnthestoriesandteachingsthataretobepasseddownorallyWilltheyknowenoughtokeepourceremoniesaliveThesearethefundamentalsofourOjibweidentitythatwecannotaffordtolose.Theanswerisitisbyandthroughtheseverythingswearedoingsuchasthesecampsandourlanguageprogramsandwithhelpfromoureldersthatyestheywill.Thatisanawesomefeeling.Knowingyouareplayingasmallpartinkeepingyourtraditionsaliveiswhatmakesmehappy.TheOjibwelanguagecantbetaughtinadayoraweekasexplainedbytheOjibweLanguageInstructorLeonVallierebuthestressestheimportancetotheparticipantstousethewordsthattheydoknoweverysingleday.Learnonewordatatimeandthenmaybe10.Youwillbeincreasingyourbaseinsmallwaysbutyoumustworkhardtolearnmoreandbecomespeakers.Ittakesdedicationandhardworktolearnourlanguage.WhilethiscampisbehinduswearelookingforwardtoourWinterCampthatwillpickupwherethisoneleftoff.Submittedarticleandrhizomesandnotbyseed.HoweverthepresenceofseveralsmallphragmitespopulationsonlandinthevicintiyofWWTPsusingreedbedtechnologystronglysuggeststhatviableseedsaremovingoff-siteviawindcontaminatedequipmentandATVsusingadjacenttrails.Recentstudieshavedemonstratedthatseedviabilityisdirectlyrelatedtosoilnutrients.Sewagesludgewouldqualifyasahighnutrientsubstrateandthusahighrateofseedviabilitywouldbeexpectedfromphragmitesgrowinginthesesites.Therearecurrently17WWTPsinWisconsinthatutilizereedbedtechnologyandtwomorecommunitiesareconsideringtheiruseAbbotsfordandtheVillageofRidgeway.ThepermitconditionsfortheuseofreedbedswasinitiallydevelopedtopreventthespreadofrootsandrhizomesfromWWTPs.InlightofrecentfindingsstatepermitguidanceisbeingrevisedbyWDNRtoaddressthespreadofseedsaswellasrootsandrhizomes.TheRedCliffcommunityisalreadyreviewingwaystomitigateseeddispersalandoralternativetechnologytoreplacetheuseofreedbedsattheirwastewaterfacility.SimilardiscussionshavestartedwiththeBayfieldCountyAquaticInvasiveSpeciesAIScommitteetoaddressconcernsattheWashburnandBayfieldwastewatertreatmentfacilities.InadditiontothethreatsposedtoChequamegonBayinlandwaterscouldalsobeatrisk.Manoominwatersareofspecialconcernbecausephragmitesthrivesinthesamewetmuckyhabitatswherema-noominabounds.GLIFWCstaffwillbeprioritizingthedetectionofphragmitesinfutureAISsurveys.Untilrecentlythenativeandnon-nativephrag-miteswereconsideredonespecies.Asaresultmuchoftheexistingdataonphragmitesdistributionisnotclearaboutwhichsubspeciesisactuallypresent.GLIFWCstaffhavebegunworkingwithWDNRandcountyAIScoordinatorstoground-truththesesitestodetermineiftheyarethenativeornon-nativesubspeciesandcoordinateappropriatemanagementresponses.Thefollowingwebsitesprovideadditionalinformationtoidentifyanddistinguishbetweenthenativeandnon-nativesubspeciesofphragmitesaswellasnaturalhistoryandmanagementinformationhttpgreatlakesphragmites.nethttpmnfi.anr.msu.eduphragmitesnative-or-not.cfmhttpdnr.wi.govtopicinvasivesfactphragmites.htmlPhragmiteslocationscanbereportedtoMilesFalckatGLIFWC715682-6619extension2124ormilesglifwc.org.Distributionofnon-nativephragmitesandwastewatertreatmentfacilitiesusingreedbedtechnologytodewatersewagesludgearoundChequamegonBayinnorthernWisconsin.MapbyDaraOlsonPhragmitesinmanoominwatersaconcernContinuedfrompage1AngelSnowLacVieuxDesertdisplaysamedallionsheetchedatthecampwiththehelpofinstructorGregJohnson.PhotobygiiweMartin