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PAGE3MAZINAIGANWINTER2013-2014FormerLacCourteOreilleschairmanandtribalcouncilmembergaiashkibosharvestedmanoominfromPacwawongLakeonthesamedayLCOHighSchoolsetuptheirricecamp.HesaidhewaspleasedtolearnthattheschoolclearedouttogoricingandofferedupabitofOjibweinsightpasseddowntohimmanyyearsago.Youknowtheoldpeopleusedtosaytolookforthericebirds.Thatswhereyoundriperice.Whenyouseethosebirdsthatsthewayyougo.PhotobyCORMANOOMINByLisaDavidGLIFWCManoominBiologistOdanahWis.Notallsurprisesaregoodbutthisonesurewas.WhenSep-tembercamewewerepleasantlysurprisedbythenumberofsuccessfulwildriceharvestingtripswewerehearingabout.Thelatespringwarmupwhichcausedadelayedgrowingseasoninthenorthwoodsdidnotseemtohindertheentiremanoomincropwhenitcametimetoharvest.Itsalwaysapleasantsurprisewhentheweathercooperatestoo.Thisyearharvesterswereaidedbythelackofstormsandtheoverallgoodweatherthatprevailedduringthericingseason.Goodweatherisonlyonecomponentofaproductivericingseasonhowever.Andharvesterssoondiscoveredthatmanoominwasscatteredacrossthecededterritoryinapatchworkofdenseandsparsestandsthisyear.Ouraerialsurveysshowedboththeabundanceandvariabilityofriceoutthere.Itwasnotuncommontonotealakewithbothaprosperingricestandandafailingstand.InformationfromGLIFWCsriceflightsandfieldobservationswereagainpostedonlinetohelpguidecededterritorygaa-manoominikejigriceharvesters.Folkswhowaitedandscoutedwerefortunatetocomeawaywithmanoomintoreplenishdwindlingstocks.OfspecialinterestthisyearwasClamLakeinBurnettCountyaricewaterofmuchconcernthesepastfewyearsdueinlargeparttothedestructiveinfluenceoftheexpandingcommoncarpnumbers.ThankstotheeffortsoftheSt.CroixBandtherewasareboundinClamsmanoominbed.In2013thetribeagaindeployedasubmergednetacrossthebaysnarrowstokeepcarpoutofahistoricricebedatthesouthernendofthelake.AlthoughnotyetopentogeneralpublicharvesttheSt.CroixTribewasabletoharvestfromthismanoominstandtouseasreseedingeffortstofurtherhelpClamsdepletedseedbank.Stateharvestsurveysarestartingtocometotheofficewhichmeansthatthetribalphonesurveyswillsoonbeunderway.Sobereadytoletusknowaboutyour2013riceharvestexperienceyourimpressionsandcomments.Informationfromthetwostateandtribalharvestsurveyswillbeusedtoassessthe2013cededterritorymanoominharvest.Aswewrapupthemanoominseasonandputthethresherintostoragewecanenjoybinaakwii-giizisOctoberorfallingleavesmoonandasonesurveyrespondentputitandlookforwardtonextyear.2013ManoominseasonproducedpleasantlysurprisingresultsOnamiaMinn.Nibiandmanoomin.Waterandwildrice.TheentwinedrelationshipofthesetwoimportantresourceswasthecentralthemeofarecentsymposiumheldattheGrandCasinoinMilleLacs.Thegatheringbroughttogethereldersharvesterswaterwalkersuniversitystaffandcitizensallinterestedinmaintainingbothhealthyricebedsaswellashealthyrelationshipsbetweenallthepartiesinvolvedinthemanoomindialogue.ThisyearssymposiumtitledNibiandManoominBuildingLastingRelation-shipswasthethirdheldsince2009focusingoncreatingatrustedenvironmentfortheexchangeofknowledgebetweenwesternandAnishinaabeculturalworldviews.Presentationsbyseveraltribaleldersstressedtheneedtoinfusetraditionalecologicalknowledgeintoeverydaypracticestoensureplentyofnaturalwildriceforfuturegenerations.Keynotethemesrevolvedaroundrespectforindigenousknowledgebalanceddecision-makingandthefactthatintegratedperspectivesmustinvolvethefullparticipationofindigenouspeoples.Itisclearthatthesetwoculturallyimportantresourceswillcontinuetothriveaslongasallthepartiesworktogethertorespectpreserveandproperlycareforthem.Summariesofthekeynotespeakersaswellassummariesfromthefourwork-inggroupsessionsofthe2013NibisymposiumareavailableonlinethroughtheUniversityofMinnesotawebsiteorbyusingthefollowingaddresswww.cfans.umn.edudiversityInitiativeswildrice.htmFirsttimericing.Iplantodoitagaininthefuture...Itwasawonderfulexperience.Oneofthebetterricingyearswedidwellfortheshortamountoftimewewereout.MiigwechforallthatyoudotoregulateeducateandprotectourwildriceRandomcommentsfromGLIFWCsstatericersurveyNibiandmanoominBuildinglastingrelationshipsByLisaDavidGLIFWCManoominBiologistBillBurnsputsharvestedmanoominintothescorcherwhichturnsthericeasitisheatedmakingthehusksbrittle.AsmallgarageinbackofMyronBurnshomeontheBadRiverreservationhousesaneatmechanicalmanoominprocessingoperationrunbyBillandhisfatherMyron.Athree-stepoperationinvolvingascorcheraseparatingmachineorthresherandawinnoweryieldsacleanbatchofmanoominastheendproduct.Theduoprocesstheirownriceandalsotakeinwildricefromotherharvesters.PhotobySueEricksonForadditionalinformationonwildricegotowww.manoomin.comFreshoffthestalksharvestedmanoominliesinthebottomofajiimaancanoereadytobetakenashoreandprocessed.Successfulharvestingtookplaceonmanymanoominlakesthisfallapleasantsurprise.PhotobyCOR