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PAGE7MAZINAIGANWINTER2013-2014MAPLEBALSAMBOUGHSOdanahWis.Earlywinteristhetimeforwhitetailhuntsandfirewoodcutstrappingfurandstalkinghares.Whileyoureoutthereitsalsoagreatop-portunitytoplanoutthecomingsugarbushiskigamiziganseason.Lookforasitethatwillhavegoodroadaccessandwillnotcreateexcessivedisturbance.YouwanttokeepimpactstothesurroundingarealimitedsaidAlexWrobelGLIFWCforestecologist.Thecededterritoryiscomingoffabanneryearwithmanymapletappersreportingrecordsyrupproduction.Theultra-latespringof2013combinedwithlotsofsnowandfavorabletemperatureshelpedcreateconditionsthatkeptthesapflowing.Wisconsinmaplesyrupproducersreportedasweet341gallonratioin2013.Thepreviousyearittookonaverage44gallonsofmaplesaptomakeonegallonofsyrupaccordingtotheUSDepartmentofAgriculture.Treatyharvesterscantapmaplestandsincountystateandnationalforeststhroughapermitsystem.Contactcountyforestersdirectlytolearnaboutindividualsugarbushguidelines.GLIFWCspecialistsareonhandtohelpnavigatestateandfederalregulations.FortribalmembersinterestedinharvestingontheNationalForestsitisbesttolocateanidealsiteandbeginthepermittingprocessearlyWrobelsaid.WellworkwithyouandtheUSForestServicetodevelopaSugarbushSiteManagementPlanandhaveyoupermittedfortheupcomingharvestseason.Pocketasmalltapemeasureonyournextwoodlandoutinglookforsugarorredmapletreesbetterthanteninchesindiameteracrossatchestheight.Thebesttreeshavefullcrownbranchingskiptreeswithdyingtopsorbrokenbywinddamage.Eventhoughmaplebranchesarebareredandyellowleavescarpetthegroundinapotentialsugarbush.Kickawayiceandsnowdowntotheleaflayertohelpconfirmthepresenceofmaples.Onmaturesugarmaplessuitablefortap-pingthebarkgenerallyappearstohavelongplatesthatpeelalongthesideedge.ThemaplesapseasonmightbeginasearlyasJanuaryoraslateasApril.ContactWrobelformoreinformation715.685.2125.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterIskigamiziganGetreadytotapnowIskigamiziganplanessentialsSitelocationApproximateSizeEquipmentorsuppliesyouwilluseforgatheringi.e.tapsbucketsandbagsortubing.Sapprocessinginformationi.e.ifyouwillprocessthesaponthesiteadescriptionofthesuppliesandstructuresyouwillbeusing.AccessRoadsortrailstobeusedtoaccessthesugarbushtypeofvehiclestobeusedi.e.passengercarATVsorsnowmobiles.SiteMaintenanceThesugarbushoperatorisresponsibleforremovingallequipmentorrefusefromthelocation.Fromataporspouthangamodernsapbagoragoodoldpail.Sapcollectioncontainersmustbemonitoredfrequentlyatyoursugarbush.Attheendoftheseasonremovealltapsfromtreesandcleanupallequipmentandutensilsfromtheiskigamizigan.PhotobyCORCountySugarbushesEstablishingatribalsugarbushoncountylandscanbeconfus-ingbutnotimpossible.Court-orderedstipulationsresultingfromtheVoigtdecisionrequirethattribalmembersmustcomplywiththeconditionsassociatedwithcountysugarbushpermits.ABadRivermembersetupthefirstWisconsincountysugarbushinIronCountyin2001.ZhingobaandagBalsamFirBoughsRedCliffWis.OncecoldtemperatureshavesetinandtheleaveshavefallenitistimetogetoutandstartharvestingbalsamfirAbiesBalsameaboughseitherforyourownuseortosell.TraditionallyknowntotheGreatLakesOjibweasNimissoreldersisterthebalsamfirliketheeldersisterhadthehighestconcernforherfamilyshewaslikeasecondmother.Thespiritofbalsamfirisapale-skinnedmaidenwhorepresentsilluminationandenlightenment.ThebeautifulfragrancegivenoffwasunderstoodtorepresentthetreeprayingforthePeople.Ifpeoplewerewalkingbythebalsamfirwhenshereleasedherfragrancetheywouldknowthatsomeonesomewhereneededprayers.Othertra-ditionalnamesassociatedwiththisspeciesarezhingobwhichrepresentsbalsamfirorzhingobaandagwhichspecificallyreferstothefirboughWarberKeewaydi-noquay1995.TheOjibwepeoplehavetraditionallyharvestedpartsandproductsfromzhingobforvariouskindsofutilityandmedicinalpurposeshoweverinpresent-daythemostcommonproductaretheboughs.Aftertwoormorehardfrostshavesettheneedlesonthebrancheszhingobaandagarereadytobeharvestedandusedorsoldforwreathsandotherholidayarrangements.Balsamboughharvestingisatraditionformosttribesacrossthecededter-ritories.Thegoalsmaybesimilarbutthestoriesarealwaysunique.RecentlyIspokewithsometribalboughharvestersabouttheirexperiencesandwasfortunatetohavebeentoldsomeofthesestoriestoshare.ItsachillyOctoberafternooninRedCliffandwearestandingnearatruckandtrailerladenwiththedaysharvestofbalsamboughsforJRDeragonandMartyDuffy.Thetwohavebeenharvestingboughstogetherforupwardsof20yearsonRedClifflandsandsurroundingcededterritoryforeststheyhavebecomealmostcelebritiesinthenorthernWisconsinbalsamboughmarket.Afterthefirstcoupleoffrostsorassoonastheyarecontactedbytheirbuyertheyheadtotheforesttobeginanewharvestseason.Generallybeginningnearthe1stofOctobertheirseasonhaslastedanywherefrommid-Novembertothe2ndweekofDecemberoftenguidedbytherequestsfromthebuyer.MartyandJRscoutandlocatesitesthroughouttheyearallowingformoretimeharvestingandlesstimelookingforgoodboughsitesduringtheseason.Mostsitesarelocatedwithina15-20mileradiusofhomeastransportationisoneoftheprimarycostsassociatedwiththeharvest.Forthemanidealsitecontainsadecentpopulationofbalsamfirtreesnotmuchtallerthaneightfeetthathavenotbeenharvestedformanyyearsorsitesthathavebeenregen-eratingforaminimumofthreeyears.Onethingthathassetthemapartfromotherharvestersistheirwillingnesstogoslightlyfurtherfromtheroaddeeperintotheforestinsearchofabetterbough.OnceonlocationJRandMartyhavefoundthathand-snappingtheboughsisthemostefficientmethodofremoval.Whenyoureachintosnaptheboughshouldhityouontheshoulder.Thisgivesyoumorethantheminimun18lengththebuyerswant.Thismethodalsoallowsforthemtotakethebranchatthedesiredpinkywidththicknessandatthesametimenottakingtoomuchofabranch.Ifabranchissnappedtooclosetothetrunkisitlesslikelytoregrowthanifthereisapartialbranchleft.Partialbrancheswillusuallyregeneratethemselvesoftenintotwonewboughs.Fromahealthytreetheycanharvesteightormoreboughs.Theharvestedboughsaretiedinto60-poundbalesthencarriedoutoftheforest.ThroughtheyearsMartyandJRhavegonethroughnumerousmodesoftransporthoweverthisyearisthestandardtruckandtrailer.Onadecentdaytheycanhaulupwardsof14balestakinguptosixhoursadayinagoodsite.Todaywithafullloadthetwohavenearlytwotonsofboughssecuredfortransporttothebuyer.WhattheyhavetoofferisahighlydesirableproductforanyByAlexWrobelGLIFWCForestEcologistThecircleisroundandwewillonedayreturntorelyingonourlife-waystosurvive.Thisiswhywemustpreservetheteachingsandtheresourcesforfuturegenerations.PaulaCarrickSeeZhingobaandagpage19