Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11
Page 12
Page 13
Page 14
Page 15
Page 16
Page 17
Page 18
Page 19
Page 20
Page 21
Page 22
Page 23
Page 24
MAZINAIGANPAGE8WINTER2013-2014WIIGWAASAAGIMAAKMilleLacsenhanceswoodlandhabitatWorriesaboutwiigwaasbirchaagimaakashMilleLacsreservationMinn.AlthoughtheMilleLacsBandofOjibweplantedthousandsoftreesthisspringyouwillnotseetheminneatrowsasinatreeplantation.RatherthenewsaplingsandseedlingsareinterspersedinwoodedareasinamannerconsistentwithMotherNaturesmorecapriciousplantings.Barelyvisiblenowasyoungseedlingsandsaplingstheyblendinhereandtherewiththenaturallandscape.WeatMilleLacshaveabigthingforreforestationsaysKellyApplegatetribalbiologist.Ourpeopleareawoodlandpeople.Toreforestandrestoreourlandsisjusttherightthingtodo.Thatswhy8000treesallindigenousspecieswereplantedthisspringattwodifferent40-acresitespartofanannualreforestationprocessthatwillbeappreciated20to30yearsinthefuture.One40-acreplantingenhancesanoaksavannahhabitatforwhite-taileddeerwildturkeyandred-headedwoodpeckers.Theoakplantingsarescatteredandwidelyseparatedasistypicalofnaturalsavannahs.Alsoincludedduetopopularrequestwerechokecherryshrubsforthebenefitofhumansaswellaswildlife.Thesecondplantingsitefocusedonmaples.WhileoakareexpectedtodowellwithclimatechangeandapotentiallywarmerclimatethereismoreconcernaboutmapleitssurvivalinawarmerclimateandthequalityandquantityofsapproducedApplegatesays.BecauseitisanimportantspeciesforthetribeswhohavelongdependedonaninaatigmapleforitssaptoproducemaplesugarandsyruptheBandplantedablendofseveralmaplespeciesincludingsilvermapleandsugarmaple.Thesilvermapleisasweetsapvarietywithahighsugarcontent.Inthewetterareasofthesitetherootsofgiizhikagwhitecedarsalsoculturallyimportantweregivenahome.Whilestaffobserveplantingsitesperiodicallytheyareanalyzedeachspringforsurvival.A2011oaksavannahplantingsiteonIndianPointisdoingwellwithoaksaplingsnowvisibleabovetallgrassesandyoungcedarsstillhiddenlookbrightgreenandhealthytuckedmidstswampybrush.ThespringtimeplantingsrequireamajorworkforceeffortonewhichemployspeoplefromtheBandsWorkforceLaborDepartment.TheworkexperienceforcrewsoftentotwentyworkersofferavarietyofbenefitsaccordingtoApplegate.Theyareoutsideworkingwithnaturebuildingteamworkandtheworkhasimportantculturalconnections.TheBandsBiolgicalServicesDivisionworkshand-in-handwiththeBandForesterDeanStaplestoplanandimplementthereforestationprojectsfromyeartoyear.TheplantingsarealsopossibleduetoacostsharebetweentheBandandtheNaturalResourcesConservationServices.WecantlosethebirchWhileoakandmapleareexpectedtoflourishthesurvivalofbirchandashareworrisome.ThethreatfromtheemeraldashborerEABhastheMilleLacsBandonalertbothwatchingforitspresenceandcollectingseedfromnativetreeswhichtheyhopetogetintoanationalseedrepositoryintheeventEABinfestsandkillstheirtrees.Theyarealsoplanningonstoringsomeashlogsfortribaluseinthefuture.WehavetribalmemberswhomaketraditionalashbasketssowewouldhavematerialsavailableforthemintheeventEABtakesoutourashtreesApplegateexplains.HeisalsoconcernedaboutthesurvivalofbirchunderchangingclimaticconditionsandhasconsultedwiththePlantMaterialsCenterinNorthDakotaaboutbirchmapleandbasswood.IvewarnedthemwecantloosebirchApplegatesays.HehasencouragedtheCentertocollectseedwherebirchisbe-inglosttowarmingclimateandanalyzewhichvarietycanbestwithstandthoseconditionswithoutgeneticmanipulation.IfoneisidentifiedthenhehopestheBandcouldreforestwiththatwiigwaasspecies.LookingtothefuturetheBandplanstocontinueanannualtreeplantingproject.In2014theyanticipateanother20-40-acreplanting.InadditiontothetribalplantingprojectsForesterDeanStaplesandBradHarringtonwildlifetechniciancoordinateanannualtree-giveawaywherethou-sandsoftreesaregivenouttotribalmembersforplantingontriballands.InthiswayandwithcontinuedeffortthewoodlandpeopleoftheMilleLacsBandandthenaturalresourcestheycherishwillalwayshavewoodlandsfortheirhome.BySueEricksonStaffWriterAsmallcedarandayoungoakbothappeartobedoingwellsincetheywereplantedin2011ontheMilleLacsreservation.KellyApplegatetribalbiologistperiodicallychecksthestatusoftheBandsplantingswhicharepartofanannualreforestationprojectonthereservationaplanthatintendstosecureawoodlandhabitatforgenerationstocome.Thisyearabout8000treeswereplantedontwo4-acreplots.PhotosbySueEricksonvenisonwhenthatranlowweaddedmorewaterandveggiesandthrewinsomebuffalowhenthatranlowweaddedmorewaterandveggiesandputinsomeelkGasperexplains.Hesalsobeenenjoyingsmallfeastsofmushroomspickedinthearea.Heplansontrappinginthewinter.Withfurpricesuptheopportunitytogetsomeincomelooms.Buthismostpressingprojectnowistocompletehisownwinterwigwamwhichcurrentlyhaswaytoomuchven-tilation.Hiswoodstoveneedstocomeinandthespaciousframecoveredwith300-foottarps.Strawbaleswilladdadditionalinsulationfromtheoutside.Gasperexpectscompanytokeepcomingthroughthewintermonthsandhewillhavetimetochatprobablyaboutavisionhehasfora100-acreheritageparkinthePenokeesthatallpeoplecanenjoyandparticipateinoraboutbuildingamajormaplesugaroperationnearbybeginningnextspringoraboutrunningforIronCountyBoardsincehisresidencyrequirementisfulfilled.OryoumighttalkaboutthedangersoffiberousasbestosinsomeplacesofthePenokeerockformationsoritcouldbeaboutthevoicesoftheSpiritsthatspeakoutatnightandthedrumsthatareheardbythosethatlisten.WinterinthePenokeesMazinaigandigitalflipbookDoyoureceiveMazinaiganinthemailWouldyouratherreaditonlineYounowhavethisoption.Theonlineeditionisafull-colorflipbookthatcanbereadordownloadedtoaPDF.Flipbooksareenvironmentallyfriendlyandtheysavepostageandprintingcosts.IfyouchoosetheonlineeditionyouwillbenotifiedviaemailapproximatelyoneweekbeforetheMazinaiganismailedwhenitisavailableforviewingTheemailwillcontainalinktoGLIFWCswebsitewhereyoucanviewtheflipbook.TosignuptoreceivetheMazinaiganeitherelectronicallyoramailedsubscriptiongotowww.glifwc.orgpublicationsmazinaiganMazinaigan.htmlandchooseeithernewsubscriptionorE-editionnotification.Continuedfrompage1EssentialOjibwemowinbiboonbewinter