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NAFWSLeadersinnaturalresourcemanagementandlawenforcementGreatLakestribescelebrateatregionalNAFWSgatheringLacduFlambeauWis.DrawingnaturalresourcesprofessionalsfromacrosstheUpperMidwestthe27thGreatLakesRegionalNativeAmericanFishWildlifeSocietyNAFWSCelebrationspotlightedanimpressivecross-sectionofworkunderwayinIndianCountrySeptember15-18.AlltheareasthatarecoveredthelevelofthepresenterstheprofessionalismitseemsliketheconferencegetsbettereveryyearsaidWilliamBaileyNAFWSregionaldirectorandchiefconservationofficerwiththeGrandPortageBand.BiologistsdetailedresearchonsubsistenceresourcesfromwalleyetowildricetomoosealongwithkeystonespecieslikewolvesenvironmentalresearchershighlightedstudiesonpollutionandclimatechangeinthenearbyLacduFlam-beauforestconservationofficersrefinedtheirskillswithweaponsandemergencyvehiclesandalsotrainedtotakeonillegalmarijuanagrowingoperations.RedLakewalleyestewardshipinthe21stCenturySeventeenyearsafterRedLaketribalfishersvotedtoclosetheircommercialfisheryduetolowwalleyenumbersanewheydayoffantasticfishingisunder-wayintheUnitedStatessixthlargestlake.FromthesurfaceoftwohugebasinsinnorthernMinnesotaUpperRedLakeandLowerRedLaketribalmembersangleunderan830000-poundannualwalleyequotaandtheirstate-licensedcounterpartsareallottedafour-fishdailybaglimit.Everyoneiscatchingfishonthe285000-acrejewelwhichincludes237000acrestreaty-reservedsince1889forBandmembers.RedLakeishometoahealthywalleyepopulationsaidPatBrownRedLakeBandfisheriesbiologist.TheBandandthestatesampleforwalleyeeveryyear.Weusethesamesurveymethodsandallthatdataisshared.BrownsaidthewalleyecrashanddramaticrecoveryhelpedstakeholdersbetterunderstandRedLakestremendouspotential.Withoutthemarkeddown-turndecision-makersmayhaveremainedmoreorlesssatisfiedwithanunder-performingfishery.IthinkweneededtohitbottomtobewhereweareattodayBrownsaid.TheBandMinnesotaDepartmentofNaturalResourcesandBureauofIndianAffairscollaboratedtorebuildthefisheryfrom1999-2006.Underpressurefromtribalandstatelawenforcementofficerspublicattitudesaboutthewalleyeresourcealsoexperiencedasignificantshift.Onthereserva-tionsidetherewasablackmarketforsellingwalleyestorestaurantsandotherplacesandonthestatesidetherewasthepracticeoftrippingcatchingalimitoffishtakingthembacktothecabinthengoingbackoutformoresaidBrown.Increasedlawenforcementhasreallyhelpedcombatthatillegalfishing.TodaythetribalfisheryprovidessupplementalincomeforRedLakemembersinadditiontofull-timeemploymentattheBandsRedLakeNationFisheriespro-cessingplant.Tribalanglersmaysellupto100walleyedailytotheplantwhichmarketsthecatchtorestaurantsandretailoutlets.Fewifanyfishermenareabletoachievethatkindofhook-and-linesuccessBrownsaid.On-reservationfishingpressureissolightBrownsaid.Peopleareonlynowlearninghowtoeffectivelycatchfishbyangling.TohelpkeeptheFisheriesplantwalleyefilletersbusyBandofficialsretainthreefishingcrewsthattargetmultipleyear-classesofwalleyewithgillnets.AsforthecrappiepopulationboomthatfilledthewalleyevoidaroundtheturnofthecenturyBrownsaidonlyalimitednumberoftheopportunisticpanfishliveon.ThosethatremainareexceptionalBrownsaidmeasuringaround16long.Formoreinformationseewww.redlakednr.orgFisheries.htmlTrainingtechnologyenhanceslawenforcementWith34yearsofexperiencetuckedunderhisdutybeltGrandPortageBandChiefWardenWilliamBaileyhaswitnessedagreatmanyadvancesinIndianCountrylawenforcement.Frominnovativeequipmenttospecializedtraining21stCenturywardenspatrolnorthernwoodsandwaterswithamodernedge.Theimprovementsfromjust5-10yearsagoareprettysignificantBaileysaid.Itwasntlongagowardenswerehaulingcarbatteriesbackintothewoodstopowersurveillanceequipment.Batterylifeissomuchbetternowcamerasaresmalleryoucanjustwalkinaquickset-upandwalkout.Motion-activatedcamerasareacustomarychoiceforinvestigatingillegalhuntingandbaiting.Todayscameraswhicharethesizeofalipsticktubeareincreasinglyusedtoinvestigateillegalmarijuanagrowingoperationsinremoteruralareas.Theseso-calledgrowsoftentimesappearinNationalForestsdamag-ingwoodlandsandcreeksandinvariablyresultinpollutionfromanassortmentofagriculturalwasteandtrashleftbehindbymenwholiveon-site.InjustthepastfewyearstribalstateandfederallawenforcementteamshaveraidedseveralgrowsinnorthernWisconsin.NinetypercentofthesuspectsatthesegrowsitesarearmedwithhandgunssomewithautomaticweaponssaidFredMaulsonGLIFWCChiefWarden.AsillegalmarijuanaoperationsmoveintoIndianCountryitsimportantfortribalofficerstoknowwhattolookforandbepreparediftheyencounteragrowsite.AfterNAFWSGreatLakeswardensfinishedacompetitiveshootattheLacduFlambeaugunrangeGLIFWCinstructorssetupabackwoodstrainingscenarioonhowtodealwithagrow.Followingclueslikeunusualroadsidemarkingstribalofficerstookonsuspectsarmedwithblank-shootingweaponsandusedtrackingskillsinfugitiveapprehension.AccordingtotheveteranwardenBaileyinformationsharingisoneofthehallmarksofsuccessfultriballawenforcementprograms.Ittakesparticipationfromdifferentdepartmentstogetallthoseideasouttheretogetpeoplethinkingaboutwhattypeofequipmentisreallynecessaryandwhatequipmentismoreforawishlist.ThanksgoesouttoGLIFWC.Helpingcreatethiskindofawarenesscanreallymakeadifference.Triballawenforcementdepartmentswhoparticipatedintheshootandorillegalmarijuanagrowtraininginclude1854TreatyAuthorityBadRiverBandBayMillsIndianCommunityGrandTraverseBandGLIFWCLacduFlambeauBandOneidaTribeLittleRiverBandLittleTraverseBandandWhiteEarthBand.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffwriterNAFWSEducationCoordinatorSallyCarufel-WilliamsandhusbandRickWilliamsenjoyedbeautifulweatherandalunchfeaturingRedLakewalleyeonSeptember17alongtheLacduFlambeauChainofLakes.Carufel-WilliamsisanenrolledLacduFlambeauOjibweandWilliamsanOglalaLakotaandNorthernCheyenneisformerPresidentoftheAmericanIndianCollegeFund.photobyCharlieOttoRasmussenPAGE11MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015Illegalmarijuanagrowingoperationsareontheriseinnorthernforests.TohelptackletheupswingGLIFWCinstructorsofferedatrainingprogramfortribalofcersdetailingactivityassociatedwithgrowsandhowtodealwitharmedsuspects.INSETSimunitionsroundssoundlikerealammunitionbutonlydischargeanon-toxicpaintbullet.Eyeprotectionisamustinalltrainingsituations.photosbyCOR