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ACT31SANDYLAKEOgichidaagWarriorsintheclassroomByDylanJenningsGLIFWCPIOLTEMadisonWis.ThesoundsofMishomisDeweiganGrandfatherDrumandtheminglingofacademicprofessionalsblendedwelltheeveningofAugust19th.Agrandentrysongfollowedbyaflagandveteranssongbegantheeveningsceremony.Itsbeen25yearssincethebeginningofAct31alawsetintoplaceforWisconsinschooldistrictsmandatingtheimplementationofAmericanIndiancultureandhistoryintoclassroomcurriculumagiantleapforwardincounteringracismandmisunderstanding.BuckMartinstategovernmentrelationsspecialistandtriballiaisonservedasthemasterofceremoniesfortheeveningsession.InvitedguestspeakersincludedSuperintendentTonyEversWisconsinDepartmentofPublicInstructionDPIAlanCaldwellretirededucatorDr.JPLearyUniversityofWisconsin-GreenBayPriscillaClevelandTomahSchoolDistrictDr.PattyLoewUniversityofWisconsin-MadisonFinnRyanWisconsinMediaLabAaronBirdBearUniversityofWisconsin-MadisonandMikDerksWisconsinPublicTelevision.Act31passedinresponsetoaracistbacklashfollowingthe1983LCODeci-sionalsoknownastheVoigtDecisionaffirmingOjibwetreatyrightstohuntfishandgather.Thebacklashledtoprostestsandthreateningdemonstrationsinthemid-80sandearly90s.Theseactsofviolencetowardstribalpeoplecreatedtensionfeltacrossthecountry.Tribalharvestersfoundthemselvesamongsthun-dredsofprotestorseachnightattheboatlandingswhiletryingtoprovideogaawalleyefortheirfamilies.Unfortunatelymanychildrenbecomemirrorimagesoftheirparents.NativeAmericanstudentsinWisconsinschoolsbecamesubjecttotheveryracismtheirparentshadfeltatboatlandings.Nativechildrenofthiserahadtocopewithinsur-mountableracismandprejudice.Thiscourseofeventssparkedthemovementtohelpchangethesituationandattentionwasturnedtotheeducationsystemrealizingsomeofthebacklashwasaresultofignoranceabouttribesandtreaties.EducatorsweregenuinelyworriedaboutwhatwasbeingtaughtornotbeingtaughtintheschoolsregardingAmericanIndianhistoryandculture.RecognizingtheformidablechallengestoeducatorsAllenCaldwellelderveteranandretirededucatortoldtheaudienceIamproudtobeaveteranandtohaveservedmycountryasanogichidaawarrior.HoweverIhavealwaysconsideredtheteachersandeducatorsthatworkwithouryouthonadailybasistoalsobeogichidaa.Onechallengeisrecognizingandincorporatingculturalknowledgeintothecurriculumknowledgethatissometimesnotgivenrecognitionbecausethosewhocarryitmaynothavetheacademiccredentialsdemandedbysocietytoday.RobinCarufelconsultantwasoneoftheinvitedguestspeakersfortheeveningwhorecalledthestruggletomakeothersrealizetheimportanceoftheeldersandtheknowledgethattheycarry.CarufelexplainedthataPhDdoesntnecessarilymakesomebodyanexpertaswearealwayslearning.Hestressedthatthetraditionalknowledgethatislearnedfromoureldersisjustasvaluableasthethingstaughtinschoolsanduniversities.OureldersneverhadPhDsinwigwammakinghesaidbuttheknowledgewasthere.Theworkofteachersandeducatorsisnoeasytask.ThestruggletokeepAmericanIndianhistoryandculturewithintheschoolswillcontinuehoweverthenextgenerationofeducatorsandleadersseemreadyandmoreequippedtopickuptheslackandacceptthechallengeaheadofthem.Act31hasprovidedavaluableimpetustocarrythischallengeforward.Chi-miigwechtoBrianJacksonWisconsinIndianEducationAssociationandDavidOConnorDPIandallwhohelpedtoputonthewonderfulevent.Justasawarrioratrueogichidaaknowsthattheworkisneverfinished.AlanCaldwellretirededucatoralongwithDr.JPLearyUWGreenBayandDavidOConnorDepartmentofPublicInstructionpresentsuperintendentTonyEverswithabeadedmedallionforhisyearsofserviceandcommitmenttoAct31.photobyDylanJenningsCelebrating25yearsofAct31SandyLakeceremoniesdrawrecordnumbersMcGregorMinn.SandyLakeceremoniesdrewrecordnumberstotheSandyLakeRecreationSitenearMcGregorMinnesotatorememberthe1850-1851SandyLakeTragedyandtheOjibweancestorswhoperishedthereorontheirreturnhome.About350peopleparticipatedintheJuly14rememberance.AnannualGLIFWC-sponsoredeventtheSandyLakeCeremoniesbeganwithamorningceremonyandasymbolicpaddleacrossSandyLaketotheArmyCorpsofEngineersRecreationSitewheretheMik-wendaagoziwagTheyarerememberedMemorialstands.Constructedin2001themonumentisasacredmemorialtothesufferingsenduredbythousandsofOjibwewhowereluredtoSandyLakelateinthefallforanannuitypaymentthatwaslatetoarrive.HopingitwouldbetoolateinthewinterseasonfortheOjibwetoreturnthosewhoarrangedthepaymentwantedtoforcetheOjibwetopermanentlyrelocatetoMinnesota.Whilehundredsdiedonthesiteduetodeplorableconditionsandlackoffoodastheywaitedfortheannuityhundredsalsoperishedasthoseancestorsresolutelymadetheirwayhomeonfootthroughtheiceandsnow.About400stonesareembeddedinthemonumentasatributetothosewhodied.DuringSandyLakeCeremoniesoncethepaddlershavelandednoonceremoniesareheldatthemonumentsitealongwithdrummingbytheMoleLakeDrum.Afeastandsocialtimefollows.SueEricksonAmorningceremonyprecedesthepaddleacrossSandyLaketotheArmyCorpsofEngineersRecreationsitewheretheMikwendaagoziwagMemorialstands.CORAfterthepaddleceremoniesandafeastareheldattheMikwendaagoziwagMemorial.ThememorialstandsasatributetoOjibweancestorswhoperishedthereorontheirreturnhome.photobyCharlieOttoRasmussenMAZINAIGANPAGE16WINTER2014-2015