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NATHPOCONFERENCEDeweigandrumsoundsasthe2014NationalAssociationforTribalHistoricPreservationOfcersbeginswithagrandentryandpostingofeaglestaffs.photobyDylanJenningsPAGE17MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015Nationalconf.highlightstribalchallengestoprotectNativelandssacredsitesByDylanJenningsGLIFWCPIOLTEMilwaukeeWis.Putover170tribalhistoricpreservationofficersTHPOfederalrepsandcommunityleaderstogetherandwhatdoyougetThe2014con-ventionofNationalAssociationofTribalHistoricPreservationOfficersNATHPOofcourse.ThisyearsnationalconferencewasheldatthePotawatomiCasinoinMilwaukeeWisconsin.SoundsofMishomisDeweiganGrandfatherDrumrangthroughoutthecasinoasthe2014conferencewasunderwaywithagrandentryflagsongandaprayer.NATHPOwasfoundedin1998asanon-profitmembershipassociationforTHPO.NATHPOspurposeistosupportpreservationmaintenanceandrevitaliza-tionofthecultureandtraditionsofNativepeoplesoftheUnitedStates.Theneces-sityforthisorganizationcamefromtheincreasingpressuretobuildandexpandinareasofspiritualandculturalvaluetoNativeAmericangroupsthroughouttheUnitedStates.NATHPOconsistsofalltheTHPOswhoworknonstoptopreservelanguagecultureandheritage.Formanytribesthenaturalresourcesandlandscapeinwhichtheyresideallowforthepracticeofinvaluabletraditionsandceremonies.Thisinherenttietothelandmakesitabsolutelynecessarytoquestionminingprojectsrailwayconstructionandforeignenergyintrusionsintotheearth.BadRiverTHPOEdithLeosooutlinesonecommonissue.ThisyearanoverallconcernfromTHPOsnationwidedealtwithminingandminingprocessingimpactsonenvironmentandhistoricpropertiesandsitesshestates.ByconsensusminingseemstobenegativelyimpactingindigenousgroupsthroughoutIndianCountry.OneoftheissuesthatconcernedLeosothemostdealtwiththeAdvisoryCouncilonHistoricPreservationACHPandtheirdesignationtodevelopastreamlineprocesstoreviewlandscapes.Sheisconcernedthatthisattempttohastentheprocessforindustrialdevelopmentonlandscapescouldbeextremelydetrimentaltotribesandthehistoricpreservationcurrentlytakingplace.OnFridayoftheconferenceapowerpointdisplayed50verbsdescribingTHPOresponsibilities.HowevermosttribesonlymaintainfundingforaTHPOstaffofone.Inmanycasesthisonepersonhandlesconsultationsmeetingswithdevelopersconferencesandavastarrayofotherresponsibilities.Sometimestheseindividualsareleftwithnootherchoicethantoprioritizeaprojectoverotherprojectsduetolimitedassistance.HoweveraftermanyyearsofunderfundingandexhaustingresponsibilitiesACHPannounceditsproposaltoincreasefundingwhichcurrentlycomesfromoffshoreoilleases.Theideastemsfromthenecessitytogivebacktoenvironmentalandculturalprogramsasatradeoffforoildrilling.TheNATHPOconferencesarealwaysinspiringandtheyalwaysoffermanyteachingstobringbacktoyourowncommunitysaysLeoso.Hearingover50differentlanguagesandintroductionswastrulyempower-ing.Everyrepresentativestoodandintroducedhimorherselfaccordingtowheretheycamefrom.Itsnoteverydaythatsomanywonderfuldedicatedpeopleareabletositdowntogetherandsharethoughtprogressandagoodlaughortwo.GLIFWCwashonoredtohaveapresenceatsuchagroundbreakingconferenceandrecognizestheseriouschallengestothepreservationofcultureandtribalsites.GLIFWCsANAforestpestprojectTheprojectOnahappiernotethehighlightoftheyearwasthemeetingsheldwitheldersgatherersandnaturalresourcestafffromallelevenGLIFWCmembertribes.Participantsbravedearlyspringrainsleetandsnowtosharetheirknowledgeandconcerns.Theytoldusabouttheiruseofashoakmaplebirchbalsamfirhemlockcedarandothertreesaswell.Theytalkedaboutthequalityofmaterialstheyneedhowthesematerialsareharvestedandhowthisharvestrelatestoandstrength-ensOjibwetraditions.Theytalkedaboutthecriticalrolethesetreesplayintheenvironmentandhowtheymustbecaredforandrespected.Theyalsoshoweduswheretheyandtheirfamiliesharvestedthesetrees.Thisinformationwillbeinvaluableaswedevelopriskmodelstotryandpredictwherethesepestsaremostlikelytoshowupwithinthecededterritoryandwheretheymaydothemostdamage.Therecordingsofthesemeetingshavebeencarefullytranscribedbyourtwopersistentprojectsecretariesandwillberetainedbythetribesforfuturereference.Chi-migwechtoallwhoparticipatedStilltocomeDuringthethirdandfinalyearofthisprojectamodelcodewillbedraftedtoregu-latetheharvestandtransportofforestproductswithinthe18361837and1842cededterritories.Bestmanagementpracticesandresponseplanswillbedevelopedinordertotryandpreventtheintroduc-tionandlimitthespreadofforestpestswithinthecededterritories.Theseplansandregulationswillbereviewedbymembertribesandrevisedasneededbeforebeingenacted.Publicoutreachduringthisstageoftheprojectwillbecriticalininformingtribalcom-munitiesandothersabouttheseregulationsandhowtheycanavoidspreadingthesedestruc-tivepests.AcknowledgmentsWewouldliketothanktheAdministrationforNativeAmericansACFUSDepartmentofHealthandHumanServicesforfundingthisproject.Andwecantthankthetribaleldersandotherparticipantsenoughforsharingtheirknowledgestoriesandadvice.Ateverymeetingwelearnedthingswehadntknownbeforeandthatopenedoureyestonewwaysofdealingwiththeseseriousthreatstotheforest.ThisfamiliarbumperstickersaysitallphotobyInternationalSocietyofArboricultureBugwood.orgContinuedfrompage6DontletforestharveststraditionsandincomebecomeathingofthepastphotobyCORThegrandopeningofthenewculturalcenteratLacduFlambeaumarkedapositivechangeinhistory.Thebuildingwaspreviouslyusedasofcesandstoragehoweverpriortothisitwasusedasaboysdormitoryduringtheboardingschoolandassimilationera.photobyDylanJennings