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MAIINGANOnthecoverOfalltheseacaveslocatedaroundtheApostleIslandsandRedCliffreservationthemostextensivegroupislocatedontheWisconsinmainlandeastofCornucopia.InbiboonaseriesofnaturalspringsjoinintermittentsnowmeltandwaterfromLakeSuperiortocreateremarkableicesculptures.photobyKeithRolofWisconsinitesseemtobeo.k.withthepresenceofbrothermaiinganwolfaccordingtotheresultsofanextensivesocialsurveymeasuringWisconsinsattitudestowardswolvesandwolfmanagement.ThesurveyindicatesmoreofthestatescitizensviewwolvesfavorablythannotandarewillingtotoleratethespeciespresenceatlevelsconsiderablyhigherthantheWisconsinscurrentwolfmanagementgoalof350wolves.ReleasedinAugust2014bytheWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourcesWDNRthePublicAttitudestowardWolvesandWolfManagementinWis-consinstudymeasuresattitudesofresidentsbothwithinandbeyondwolfrange.Whilethestudyfrequentlycontraststheopinionsofrespondentslivinginandoutofwolfrangeattitudesofvariousidentitysegmentsarealsocomparedsuchaspeopleself-identifyingasdeerhunterswolfadvocatesorenvironmentalists.Accordingtothestudythenumbersregisteringfavorableattitudestowardswolvesweregreateroutofwolfrangethanwithintherangebutoverallwhetherinoroutofwolfrangemorerespondentsregisteredfavorablethanunfavorableattitudestowardsthisrecentlyrecoveredresidentofthestate.Thesurveyresultsindicatethatamongindividualswithanopinion54ofrespondentswithinwolfrangesupportedhavingasmanyormorewolvesasarenowpresentinthestate.Similarlyanotherquestionresultshowedmostpeoplewantedwolfnumbersmaintainedatcurrentlevelswithintheircounty.AccordingtotheWDNRs2014late-winterwolfcountWisconsinhadaminimumof658687wolvesatthetimeornearlydoubleofthestates350popu-lationgoal.Inadditionthiscountwasnotreleaseduntilafterthesurveyhadbeencompletedthemostrecentcountavailableatthetimethesurveywasconductedpeggedthelatewinterpopulationatover800wolves.Outsideofwolfrangeattitudeswereevenmorefavorablewiththosefavor-ingasmanyormorewolvesleadingthosewhofavoredpopulationreductionbya31margin.Butbothinandoutofwolfrangeawidespectrumofattitudeswasfoundtoexistvaryingfromwantingasmanywolvesaspossibletowantingtotalextermination.Thestudyshowsthatdeerhuntersandruralresidentswithinwolfrangewereleasttolerantofwolves.Thesurveyalsoshowsthecitizenssupporttheregulatedhuntingandtrappingofwolves62inrangeand51outofrangewiththehighestpercentageinruralcountieswithinwolfrange.Severalprioritymanagementobjectivesreceivedanacross-the-boardmajoritysupportincludingtheneedtokillwolvesthathavethreatenedhumansafetyoraredepredatingdomesticlivestock.Differentself-identitygroupshadtheirowndistinctmanagementpriorities.Forinstancesevenoftendeerhunterswouldreducewolfnumbersinnortherncountiesduetoconcernsaboutwolfpredationondeer.Ontheotherhandindividualswhoidentifiedthemselvesaswolfadvocatesthoughtthecreationofwolfrefugesthepromotiondiverseanimalcommunitiesandanincreaseinenforcementtocurtailillegalshootingofwolvesshouldbehighmanagementpriorities.Prioritiesfortheenvironmentalidentitygroupincludedeliminationofwolvesfromareasoflivestockdepredationandcreationofrefugeareastoprotectwolves.AccordingtoDavidMacFarlandWDNRlargecarnivorespecialistthesurveyprovidessoundscientificinformationaboutWisconsinitesvaluesandattitudesinregardtowolvesandwasdesignedtobetterinformmanagementdecisions.Itisonepieceofacomplicatedpuzzlehesays.Itistooearlytotellwhatitsimpactwillbeorwhatthedecision-makerswilldo.GLIFWCWildlifeBiologistPeterDavidnotedthevalueofthesurvey.Inthepastsomuchmanagementbythestatewasbasedonassumptionsabouthowthestatepublicfeltaboutwolves.Forthefirsttimethestatehasgooddatafromawell-designedstudyandIthinktheresultssurprisedmany.Whilemostman-agementofwolvesinWisconsinhasbeendrivenfromanegativeperspectiveitturnsoutthegeneralpublicdoesntseewolvesthiswayandneitherdomostinthetribalcommunity.Thestateshouldleanheavilyonthisdocumentasitproceedswiththerevisionofitswolfmanagementplanandestablishpopulationgoalsandothermanagementprioritiesthatbetterreflectthegeneralpublicandnotjustthosewhoareleasttolerantofwolves.Italsoindicatesaneedforthestatetomodifythenon-DNRmembershipofitsWolfAdvisoryCommitteewhichiscurrentlyheavilyslantedtowardsgroupswithlittletoleranceofwolves.Thesurveywasmailedoutto8750householdsinWisconsinandgota59percentresponserate.Fortheinrangecategoryelevenclustergroupsweredes-ignatedeachgroupaclusterofcounties.Thetwelfthclustergroupincorporatedallout-of-rangecounties.Thesurveyiscurrentlyindraftformtobefinalizedfollowingareviewfromanexternalgroupofresearcherstoevaluatebiasinmethodsandresults.Thecompletestudyisavailableathttpdnr.wi.govtopicWildlifeHabitatwolfdocumentsWolfAttitudeSurveyReportDRAFT.pdfBySueEricksonStaffWriterWolvestakeextrahitinWIAsWisconsinsthirdconsecu-tivewolftrappingandhuntingseasonwindsdowntribalwildlifebiologistsarereviewingthestatesmanagementsystemwhichallowedkillstoexceedharvestgoalsbynearlydoubleinatleastonezone.TheoverageisareminderthattheStateofWisconsinisstillreallyoperatingonitslearningpermitwhenitcomestoharvestingwolvessaidPeterDavidGLIFWCwildlifebiologist.GLIFWCmembertribesareonrecordinoppositiontotherecreationalharvestofmaiinganorwolfinWisconsinMichiganandMinnesota.TheWisconsinwolfseasonopenedOctober15acrosssixzonesthatcovertheentirestate.WithindaystheDepart-mentofNaturalResourcesDNRannouncedapairofzoneclosuresaswolfkillstookoffatablisteringpace.Asinpreviousseasonslegholdtrapsareprovingtobethemostefficientwaytokillwolvesfollowedbyhuntersusingfirearms.WisconsinistheonlystateintheUSthatallowshunterstousedogstoharvestwolves.UndertheDNRsmanagementsystem10permitsareissuedforeveryanimalinthequota.Thepermitsareunrestrictedmeaningharvesterscanpursuewolvesinanyopenzone.ThecurrentsystemcanbeexpectedtoproducesoverageswhenquotasaresmallDavidsaid.InDNRwolfzone2thecededterritoryofnortheastWis-consinsporthuntersandtrapperswerepermittedtokill15wolvesbuttook29beforestateofficialsclosedtheseason.WithwolfmortalityalreadyhighfrompoachingvehiclecollisionsanddepredationcontrolsGLIFWCsVoigtIntertribalTaskForcepassedamotioninAugust2013layingclaimtoallthewolvesintheWisconsincededterritory.Inrecognitionofteachingsthathigh-lighttheoriginaltreatyforgedbetweenmaiinganandtheAnishinaabetheTaskForcecalledforlivewolvestoremainonthelandscapeperformingtheirecologicalandculturalfunctions.Stateauthoritieshoweverwereunmovedandthe2013seasonproducedatotalwolfkillof257includingsome215fromthecededterritory.InMinnesotastateofficialsareagainmovingaheadwithawolfseasonsplitbetweenearlyandlatetimeperiods.AfterMichigans2013inauguralseasonintheUpperPeninsulaareferendumdrivebywolfadvocatesultimatelypreventedtheNaturalResourcesCom-missionfromapprovingahuntthisyear.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterwolffacts.orgPAGE3MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015SocialattitudesaboutmaiingansurveyedFavorableattitudeprevailsbyslimmargininwolfrangeMaiingan.photobyCharlieOttoRasmussen