Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24• OJIBWEMOWIN/LDF HATCHERY• Aaniin eni-izhichigeng iskigamizigeng? (What is the process of boiling sap?) Awegonesh nitam? (What is first?) Do you know the process of boiling sap? Number the images below starting with what happens first. Activities like these can be found inthenewNenda-GikendamangNingo- Biboonagak (We seek to learn throught the year) language booklets. The book- lets are sponsored by a grant from the Administration for Native Americans. A storybook, workbook and teacher/ parent guide are being developed for each season. These booklets explore Anishinaabeg cultural activities which have been done around the Great Lakes region for thousands of years! An interactive website has also been created so that kids are able to access language materials at home as well as on the go. The website (www. GLIFWC-inwe.com) includes interac- tive kids games, printable PDF files, and a digital storyline flipbook. Spur Lake manoomin (continued from page 7) knowswhenmanoominfirstappearedintheseshallowwaters,butitislikelytohave flourished here for thousands of years. Recently, however, the spirit of manoomin has struggled at Spur. Poor crops have not happened just once or twice: it has been a decade since the lake supported even a modest crop, while other vegetation has greatly expanded in abundance. And it is hard to know exactly why. Spur seems an unlikely place to have problems. There are only 2.8 square miles of watershed above the lake outlet, and most of that has minimal human development. A lightly-traveled town road hugs much of the east and south sides of the lake, but lakeshore is otherwise undeveloped, and is currently protected as a state natural area. One thing does appear to be clear: lake levels have increased by 1-2 feet from what was found even decades ago—more than enough to trigger a decline in manoomin. But the causes and solution to the issue are less straight forward. Likely, an interplay of factors are at work: some beaver impacts, some reduction in outlet flow, some restriction in stream channel from vegetative encroach- ment. Identifying the extent of each, determining how to address them, and then finding the funding to correct them will all need to be done before recovery is possible. That effort has started. State, township and tribal representatives recently met to share knowledge and information on the history of Spur, and to begin charting a way forward. In an important early step, GLIFWC law enforcement staff recently collaborated with biologists by conducting a low-level drone flight down the outlet stream to document possible flow bottlenecks. It is interesting to consider how worldview might color a person’s perspec- tive on this effort. If one sees life as a linear path, then the loss of a historic rice bed may seem like a natural end point, neither positive or negative perhaps, but just something that happens. For those who see life as a circular rhythm, the same loss might be more likely to be viewed as a disturbance in the natural cycle. But regardless of worldview, is it rewarding to know that all partners in this fledgling restoration effort are in agreement that reducing water levels on Spur Lake and recapturing the historic abundance of rice is a goal worth pursuing. (answers on page 21) New hatchery ponds come online at LdF Even with construction still finishing up on new rearing ponds in spring 2016, Lac du Flambeau’s (LdF) William J Poupart Sr. Fish Hatchery produced 27,490 extended growth walleyes averaging around seven-inches each. While most fish were stocked into off-reservation lakes, LdF fisheries staff released some into border waters as well. Walleye-stocked lakes in northeast Wisconsin include: Dead Pike, Little Trout, Booth, Arrowhead, Sweeny, Carrol, Bird, Upper Gresham, Bolger and Flambeau Lakes. (Larry Wawronowicz photo) PAGE 11 MAZINA’IGAN WINTER 2016-17