Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24• GICHI At home on Gichigami: wo Here in the Great Lakes region of the world, where fishing and boating are integral parts of life, vessel safety and natural resource protection remain vital to the needs of our communities. Both the Keweenaw Bay and the Red Cliff communities hosted Drill Conductor Training for commercial fishing vessels this past summer. Michigan State University (MSU) Sea Grant partnered with Alaska Marine Safety EducationAssociation(AMSEA) to offer trainingcourses on vessel safety to northern Great Lakes communities. MSU Sea Grant is part of a National Sea Grant Network made up of 33 univer- sity-based programs operating under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admin- istration (NOAA). In congruence with the mission of academia, the MSU Sea Grant collaborates with collegiate institutions dedicated to research, education, and out- reach. The Sea Grant Network is united by a common goal to protect and sustain the Great Lakes. Drill Conductor Training courses, conducted by Ronald Kinnunen, senior educator with MSU Sea Grant, and Jerry Dzugan, executive director of AMSEA, help to achieve that goal by regulating the safety of boaters and fishermen of this region. Training for Keweenaw Bay took place on June 21 and was held at the Ojibwa Casino Resort in Baraga, Michigan. Training in Red Cliff was held on June 23 at Legendary Waters Resort and Casino. Callie Kopp and Jalyn LaBine, summer interns with GLIFWC’s Great Lakes Section, participated in the vessel safety class held at Keweenaw Bay. “At that point I had not been on the boat on Lake Superior yet and I was a little nervous,” Kopp said. “After receiving the training, I felt more comfortable and con- fident about being on the water because I knew how to handle emergency situations.” One emergency situation highlighted by both Kopp and LaBine were the fire drills. “We had to run around the boat, putting out ‘fires,’ and throwing water out of the boat because we were ‘sinking.’ Then when there was no hope for the boat, abandon ship with our survival suits on” LaBine said. “We also learned how to put out fires using a fire extinguisher. Most people don’t know how to properly use them and the chemicals inside are gone before the fire is out. This skill is not just beneficial for being on the boat, it is also a good life skill that I will have for the rest of my life,” Kopp said. The Drill Conductor Training offered real life scenarios that oriented trainees to respond effectively to emergency situations. According to LaBine, “Simple things like not wearing a safety vest in an emergency situation, it could really cost a life.” Vessel safety training assures that commercial vessel captains are in compliance withtheU.S.CoastGuardRegulationtopracticemonthlyemergencydrills,increasing the abilities of captains to effectively handle emergency situations on their vessels. The monthly drills cover the following contingencies: strategies for abandoning a vessel, fire-fighting techniques depending on the type of fire and its location on a vessel, overboard water rescue with life and rescue boats, responding to flooding of a vessel, donning immersion suits and flotation devices (in a matter of seconds), donning a fire-fighter’s uniform and breathing apparatus, making voice radio distress calls and using visual distress signals, testing and reporting inoperative alarm and location systems, and lastly, activating general alarm. When dealing with unpredictable and potentially dangerous waters such as Lake Superior,itiscriticaltohavethenecessarytrainingtokeeponeselfandotherssafe.For more information on when and where future training will be held, visit: amsea.org. Safety first: boating into the new year By Anya Janssen, GLIFWC LTE Commercial fishermen who routinely operate a fire extinguisher are reportedly three times as proficient in putting out fires, compared to those who have never operated a fire extinguisher. Jalyn LaBine, GLIFWC Great Lakes Section intern, (left) and Chris Peterson, Red Cliff tribal fishermen, apply firefighting techniques taught in the course. GLIFWC would like to thank Keweenaw Bay Fire Department members Tom Chosa and Al Gathier for their assistance in this training exercise. Native voices sound off at binational Great Lakes meeting Lake Superior LAMP for 2015-2020 finalized Toronto,Ont.—Followingarecentroundofupdates to the Great Lakes Water QualityAgreement (GLWQA), the federal governments of the United States and Canada sponsoredapublicforumOctober4-7.Theforumincluded representatives fromAmerican tribal governments, First Nations, Métis Nation, and the general public. Event speakers addressed the current state of the Great Lakes, threats the lakes are facing, and updates to the activities of Annex subcommittees under the GLWQA, said Jen- nifer Vanator, a GLIFWC policy analyst who attended on behalf of the Commission’s member tribes. “Indigenous people and organizations played a major role in the discussions,” Vanator said. “They are concernedaboutwaterquality,ecosystemhealth,andwant to seeTEK better incorporated into GLWQAprograms.” Forged in 2012 the GLWQA is a formal commit- ment between Canada and the United States to protect and restore Great Lakes waters. GLWQA includes 10 annexes, or specific categories, that focus on issues including groundwater, climate change, discharge from vessels, and aquatic invasive species. Gichigami LAMP shines first Under Annex 2 of the GLWQA entitled “Lakewide Management,” the US and Canada assess the status of each Great Lake by addressing environmental stressors thatadverselyaffectthewatersoftheGreatLakes,andare best addressed on a lakewide scale through an ecosystem approach. The mechanism in which the countries do this is through writing and implementing a LakewideAction Management Plan (LAMP) for each of the Great Lakes. The US and Canada recently finalized the most recent Lake Superior LAMP in summer 2016. It requires each of the Great Lakes to be managed by a five-year Lakewide Action and Management Plan (LAMP); Lake Superior’s LAMP was produced first. The Lake Superior LAMP has officially been released and can be found at https://binational.net. The LAMPs help direct and organize management actions in each of the Great Lakes. The Lake Superior LAMP was drafted by the workgroup of the Lake Superior Binational Program (a program to restore and protect the Lake Superior Basin), now called the Lake Superior Partnership Work Group, and provides an action plan for restoring and protecting the ecosystem through 2019. The Lake Superior LAMP documents the current environmental conditions of the lake, threats to the lake’s ecosystem, lakewide objectives, priorities for future scientific investigations, and features a list of actions and projects to address threats and to achieve lakewide objectives. TherecentLAMPfindsLakeSuperiorinoverallgood condition with a relatively healthy fishery. Contamina- tion from legacy contaminants, such as PCBs, is on the decline. Lake Superior fish consumption advisories are less restrictive than in past years, but are still necessary to prevent overexposure to mercury and PCBs. Lake Superior is facing threats from aquatic invasive species, such as sea lamprey and non-native phragmites, among others. Lake Superior is also facing threats from climate change in ways unique to its ecosystem. Responding to these threats dictates the priority actions and projects that Partnership agencies will work on in the next five years. The LAMP lists 29 projects that the Lake Superior Partnership has identified as priorities for action, as well asagenciesthathavecommittedtotrytoimplementeach. GLIFWC, its member tribes, 1854 TreatyAuthority, and ChippewaOttawaResourceAuthorityhavecommittedto work towards implementing 26 of the 29 stated priority actions. A new Lake Superior LAMP will be drafted to direct management activities from 2020–2024. –first section by COR The priority projects identified in the Gichigami LAMP include: • Reducing impacts of current aquatic invasive species (AIS) and prevention of new AIS species introduction • Responding to climate change • Increasing connectivity and natural hydrology between Lake Superior and its tributaries • Continuing the work of the Zero Discharge Dem- onstration Program • Preventingcontaminationfromemergingchemicals of concern • Addressing threats to important habitats or native plant and animal communities • Restoring and protecting high quality habitats • Managing for self-sustaining, diverse and healthy species populations By Jen Ballinger GLIFWC Outreach Specialist MAZINA’IGAN PAGE 12