Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24American Indian Studies: Implementing Act 31 for teachers of all grade levels Presented by David O’Connor Friday, December 2 • 9:00 am — 3:30 pm $50 per participant registration fee (fee includes materials, resources and lunch) Oshkosh, Wisconsin Contact Nancy Jaeger, CESA 6 Educator Licensing Coordinator • EMERALD ASH BORER • Turtle Island’s forests at risk Invasive insect continues to spread across Ceded Territory Fourteen years ago a widening swath of dying and dead ash trees in Detroit, Michigan led to the discovery of a slim iridescent green beetle never before seen in North America. The insect arrived sometime in the early 1990s, most likely in crates or other wood packing material from China. Since then the emerald ash borer, or EAB, has proven to be the most destructive forest insect ever to invade Turtle Island. This year saw the detection of the EAB in several more Ceded Territory counties. In Michigan, the EAB was detected in and just north of the City of Marquette,nearthetownofNorwayinDickinsonCountyandnorthwestofBaraga, leaving just the western tip of the UP (Iron, Ontonagon, and Gogebic Counties) unquarantined. In northwestern Wisconsin, the EAB has spread from Superior to Park Point, Minnesota and now the City of Duluth, resulting in a quarantine of southeastern St. Louis County. ThemostrecentnorthernWisconsincountytobequarantinedisSawyerCounty. In August a single beetle was found in a USDApurplepaneltrapjustsoutheastofthe townofRadisson,aboutfivemilessoutheast of the Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation. The area is rural, with sandy soils and relatively little ash (black ash, however, grows around local wetlands). The white ash tree that had theEAB-positivetrapstilllookshealthy,and the source of the infestation is still unknown (see photo). Fourty-two of Wisconsin’s 72 counties are now quarantined. EAB adults are good flyers, and can fly severalmilestofindanashtree.Nonetheless EAB populations typically only spread 1-2 miles per year on their own. Without human help the population found in Detroit in 2002 would still be confined to a few counties in southeastern Lower Michigan, northern Ohio, and theWindsor, Ontario area. Unfor- tunately the beetle is now found in 27 states and two Canadian provinces, from the east coast as far west as Colorado. ThebreedingseasonfortheEABended inearlySeptember.Theadultshavedied.The larvae are tucked away underneath the bark ofashtrees,waitingfornextspring.Withthe arrival of warm weather some will turn into adults, spread their wings and head off into the treetops. They don’t care whether they emerge where they started out or hundreds of miles away, only that there are ash trees to feed and reproduce on. Don’t be the one to give them a lift! By Steve Garske, GLIFWC Plant Specialist North Eastlund Road in Sawyer County, about five miles southeast of the Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation. Last August a single EAB beetle was found stuck to a purple panel trap hung in the white ash tree on the right. (SCG photo.) ThisexcerptfromtheUSDA-APHISNationalEABQuarantine Map shows quarantined counties in the Upper Great Lakes region. Blue borders indicate federally quarantined areas. (Sawyer County, Wisconsin is state-quarantined and will soon be federally quarantined also.) Red dots show the first detection locations for each county. Counties without red dots were quarantined pre-emptively because they were surrounded by quarantined counties and assumed to be infested. See www. for full map. “We’re looking at a requirement that every teacher education student take two classes [about tribal sovereignty, culture and history],” said Gary Johnson, a University of Wisconsin-Superior professor and early Act 31 supporter. “Those [student teachers] are the ones we want to infuse native culture with.” Native kids in public schools In a poignant and heartfelt address to Act 31 celebrants, Karen Breit shared family experiences with her native children who attend the Hayward Schools. While commending the school’s proactive effort to implement Act 31 Review, Breit explained that racism still creeps into student life. Wisconsin Act 31 continued (continued from page 1) LCO Community College Dean of Students Karen Breit addresses representatives from Wisconsin’s 12 tribes while event master of ceremonies and tribal governing board member Jason Schlender looks on. (COR photo) “The kids will still get teased about their skin color,” she said. During a local history practicum, students were asked to dress-up like northwoods pioneers, leaving Breit’s son at a loss. He wasn’t comfortable. “There are positive things happening in our schools but these things remind me that more needs to be done for our kids.” To help address her concerns and those of other American Indian parents, Breit joined the school’s Act 31 Review Committee. Comprised of educators and others in the LCO Community, the all-volunteer working group provides input and recommendations to the school district on incorporating native culture and perspectives into curriculum, as well as extracurricular activites. “We hope to create a model that can be used by other communities,” she said. “It takes all of us working together to create the best possible educational experience for our children.” MAZINA’IGAN PAGE 8 WINTER 2016-17