Act 31: Issues & Origins

  1. Laws of 1990, s. 115.28(17)(d) Wis. Stats.
  2. Laws of 1990, s. 118.01(c)7-8 Wis. Stats.
  3. Law of 1990, s. 118.19(8) 89-90 Wis. Stats.
  4. Laws of 1990, s.121.02(1)(h) 89-90 Wis. Stats.
  5. Laws of 1990, s.121.02(1)(L)4 89-90 Wis. Stats.
  6. Patricia Albjerg Graham, “Battleships and Schools” Daedalus 124 (Fall 1995): 43.
  7. Nancy W. Bauer, “Guaranteeing the Values Component in Elementary Social Studies,” in Social Studies Education: The Elementary School, ed. John Jarolimek (Washington, DC:  National Council for the Social Studies, 1967): 43.
  8. Ronald N. Satz, Chippewa Treaty Rights: The Reserved Rights of Wisconsin’s Chippewa Indians in Historical Perspective (Madison, WI:  Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, 1991), xv.
  9. s. 13.83 (3) Wis. Stats. The American Indian Study Committee had its origins in the Menominee Indian Study Committee, which operated from 1957 – 1974 to address issues related to Menominee Termination.  The Native American Study Committee, which operated from 1976 – 1980, was its successor.  The American Indian Study Committee operated from 1982 – 2000 before being succeeded by the Special Committee on State-Tribal Relations.
  10. American Indian Study Committee, Wisconsin Legislative Council.  Summary of Proceedings, December 13, 1983, 11-12.  Rep. Metz (D-Omro) represented the 90th Assembly District from 1975-1986.  She later helped to found the treaty rights advocacy organization Honor Our Neighbors Origins and Rights (HONOR) and served as its first executive director.
  11. Lac Courte Oreilles Tribal Governing Board.  Ad Hoc Commission on Racism in Wisconsin.  Wisconsin’s Educational Imperative: Observations and Recommendations of the Ad Hoc Commission on Racism:  Indian-White Relations, 1984.  (Hayward, WI:  Lac Courte Oreilles Tribal Governing Board and Ad Hoc Commission on Racism in Wisconsin, November 30, 1984), 8.  The members of the Commission were Veda W. Stone, Chief Commissioner, School of Arts and Sciences Outreach, UW-Eau Claire; William Cardy, Priest, St. Phillip’s Roman Catholic Church; Paul DeMain, Advisor to the Governor on Indian Affairs; Randolph Kahn, B’nail B’rith Jewish Anti-Defamation League; Barbara Morford, Governor’s Committee on Equal Rights; Peggy Prueher, Church Women United Board; Mary Reddin, Attorney and Board Member of Wisconsin Civil Liberties Union; Ronald Satz, Dean of Graduate Studies and Professor of History, UW-Eau Claire; Ursula Schramm, B’nai B’rith; Nancy Stein, Professor of Sociology, Normandale Community College; and William Wantland, Bishop, Episcopal Diocese of Eau Claire.
  12. Lac Courte Oreilles Tribal Governing Board.  Ad Hoc Commission on Racism in Wisconsin, 1984, 12.
  13. Lac Courte Oreilles Tribal Governing Board.  Ad Hoc Commission on Racism in Wisconsin, 1984, 12.
  14. Lac Courte Oreilles Tribal Governing Board.  Ad Hoc Commission on Racism in Wisconsin, 1984, 16.
  15. American Indian Language and Culture Education Board, Report on the Status of Indian Education in the State of Wisconsin. (Madison, WI: 1985), 1-2.
  16. American Indian Language and Culture Education Board, The 1985-1987 Biennial Report on the Status of Indian Education in the State of Wisconsin. (Madison, WI: 1988), 1.
  17. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, December 11, 1990, 5.
  18. AILCEB 1988, 4.
  19. AILCEB 1988, 11.
  20. Caldwell, 3-4.
  21. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, February 29, 1988, 7.
  22. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, February 29, 1988, 7.
  23. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, February 29, 1988, 7.
  24. Jo Deen B. Lowe, State/Tribal Liaison to GLITC Board of Directors and Other Interested Parties, June 12, 1989, 1.
  25. Jo Deen B. Lowe, State/Tribal Liaison to GLITC Board of Directors and Other Interested Parties, June 12, 1989, 1.
  26. Wisconsin State Legislature.  Legislative Reference Bureau. Assembly Amendment 1 to Senate Bill 31.  LRBb1646/2.  Page 24, line 139; Steve Schultze, “Budget Calls for Classes On Indians,” Milwaukee Journal, Wednesday, June 28, 1989, DPI American Indian Studies Program Files.
  27. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, August 18, 1989, 6.
  28. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, December 12, 1989, 7.
  29. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, December 12, 1989, 8.
  30. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, December 12, 1989, 9.
  31. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, December 11, 1990, 4, 5.
  32. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, December 11, 1990, 4.
  33. American Indian Study Committee, Summary of Proceedings, December 11, 1990, 4.