Wild Plant Gathering in National Forests


     Traditionally, the Ojibwe people relied on a host of wild plants for food, medicines and other practical purposes. Many of these plants remain important today. To provide more harvesting opportunities to tribal members, GLIFWC’s member tribes entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with the National Forest Service that gives tribal members the ability to harvest plants in national forests within the ceded territories. With a permit tribal members can harvest plants such as princess pine, balsam boughs, birch bark, ginseng, wintergreen, to mention a few, and may even set-up a sugarbush.

Wild plant and non-timber forest products gathering on National Forest Lands during:

pdf 1999-2000

pdf 2000-2001

pdf 2001-2002

pdf 2002-2003

Tribal wild plant gathering on national forest lands, harvest season:

pdf 2004-2005

pdf 2005-2006

pdf 2006-2007

pdf 2007-2008

pdf 2008-2009


pdf National Forest MOU


pdf Model Gathering Code


pdf Self-Regulation Agreement


pdf Tribal Regulated Areas


pdf National Forest Gathering & Camping Regulation Summary


pdf Threats to wild plants in the ceded territories


pdf The effects of logging on understory plants pre-treatment surveys 1997-2002


pdf The effects of logging on understory plants 2007 survey


pdf The cultural importance, ecology, and status of giizhik (northern white cedar) in the ceded territories