Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 601837 Treaty spearing & netting Mille Lacs Lake For open-water spearing and netting in Mille Lacs Lake, the bands’ principle objectives are: open-water walleye spearing, walleye netting, yellow perch netting, burbot netting, and tullibee netting. Walleye and yellow perch are managed by an annual quota which is divided between each of the bands selecting these methods. Northern pike are managed by a quota, also called a cap, which is also shared among the bands. The Mille Lacs Lake treaty walleye harvest has been managed through a series of five-year treaty fisheries management plans since 1998. The eight participating Ojibwe tribes (two from Minnesota and six from Wisconsin) have incre- mentally increased their annual quota. The first plan began in 1998 with a tribal quota of 40,000 pounds of walleye. Under the third five-year management plan, tribes were allowed an annual quota of 142,500 pounds to be shared by the eight tribes signatory to the 1837 Treaty. Individual tribal quotas are established, allotting each tribe a share of the overall quota. A new five-year plan was scheduled to go into effect in 2013; however, an interim plan was put in place due to concerns about the walleye population in Mille Lacs Lake. In it, both the tribes and the state agreed to limit harvest and engage in further studies of the fishery to both confirm the apparent decline in smaller walleye (less than 18 inches) and to determine probable causes of the decline. In July 2015 the water temperature in Mille Lacswasthethirdhighestonrecord.Atthatpoint, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) managers estimated that hooking mor- tality was about 25 percent of released fish. Catch and release mortality numbers are added to the state quota, causing the numbers to climb. The tribal net and spear fishery in Mille Lacs are strictly monitored with harvet numbers avail- able daily, and the tribes are prepared to close their fishery should the quota be met. Both state and tribal fishery managers have been working diligently to undertand the well- documented decline in the Mille Lacs walleye population. While the hatches are healthy, young walleye are not surviving to become adult wall- eye. A Blue Ribbon Panel report released in 2014 highlighted a variety of factors that may be neg- atively impacting young walleye, such as canni- balism, decline in cool-water forage species like tullibees, and a myriad of impacts from invasive species like zebra mussels which both deplete food sources and increase water purity, making small ogaa more vulnerable to predation. Mille Lacs Lake 2010-2015 Tribal Harvest and Estimated State Angler Harvest of Walleye