Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 6018 Under the previous five-year plans, as well as interim plans, there has been no open-water spearing or netting for muskellunge in Mille Lacs Lake. Muskellunge incidentally caught in a net must be released if they appear capable of surviving, or turned over to the band authori- ties if not capable of surviving. In addition, these plans have not allowed open-water spearing for northern pike or contemplated netting targeted for northern pike. Incidental netting harvest of northern pike is limited to 50% of the annual cap agreed to by the state and tribes. Other lakes As for lakes other than Mille Lacs Lake, the fishery plan authorizes open-water spearing, dip netting, fyke netting and seining in Ceded Territory lakes. In addition, gillnetting is autho- rized in all lakes over 1,000 acres as well as sev- eral others. Gillnetting for muskellunge and stur- geon is prohibited in these lakes. Limited open-water spear and net fisheries cantakeplaceatwhattheplanreferstoas“thresh- old” levels. Spearing or netting beyond these levels may take place only if a standard gillnet survey has been conducted within the previous 24 months and a harvestable surplus level has been established. Rivers Open-water spearing and fyke-netting are authorized for rivers, but no gillnetting in rivers is authorized. Lake sturgeon harvest is closed in rivers except for the St. Croix below Taylors Falls. During the spawning season, open-water spearing will be open on alternate days only. Muskellunge harvest in the Mississippi River may not exceed 10 per year. Notification/harvest closures No later than March 15 of each year, the bands notify the state of their declared open- water spearing and netting harvests for the upcoming fishing year, including the quotas and caps for each band’s open-water spear and net fishery. The bands must also notify the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources no later than noon of the lakes or rivers designated for open- water spearing that night and of the location of any gillnetting activities. When a band’s quota for a species has been reached in any lake or river, spearing for that species in that particular body of water must stop. When a band’s quota or cap for any spe- cies has been taken from a lake where gillnetting occurs, all gillnetting by that band in that lake must stop as well, unless another band agrees to release a portion of its quota or cap to that band. Close monitoring of spearing and netting activities Similar to the treaty spearing and netting under the LCO decision in Wisconsin, all open- water spearing and netting is strictly monitored by biological and enforcement staff. Spearing permits may not be issued unless a monitor is present at designated boat landings, and gill- netting may only take place if a monitor is avail- able at a designated boat landing or at the loca- tion of the net lift. All fish taken by open-water spearing or netting are identified to species, counted and weighed in the aggregate. Biological data from harvested fish are also collected. State and tribal biologists work together on a fall joint suspended gill net survey in Mille Lacs Lake. The study, first under- taken in 2012, samples ogaa (walleye) at water column depths not normally sam- pled. Pulling a net are Ben Michaels (left), GLIFWC fisheries biologist, and Greg Berg, fisheries specialist with the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.