Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 6019 Gillnetting For treaty harvest using gill nets, the con- servation code requires nets to be pulled twice a day, or more if water temperature concerns warrant it. Netters are required to bring their catch to specified landings each day where biological staff are present to monitor the number and weight by species of all fish taken and record other data needed for fisheries management. In addition, conservation wardens from the Mille Lacs and Fond du Lac Bands, GLIFWC, and the MDNR monitor netters for compliance with the tribal conservation codes. Under the bands’ conservation code, the allowable mesh sizes (bar) that can be used by tribal netters are 1.25 to 1.75 inches, and gillnets cannot be larger than 100 feet long by four feet deep. In Mille Lacs Lake, the average length of walleye harvested by tribal netters from 1998- 2012 was 17.7 inches. Because of spawning pat- terns in spring and other factors, most netted walleye have been males (91%), and a lesser per- cent females (7%) or unknown sex (2%). Spearing Spearers must use designated boat landings to launch and land and possess a nightly per- mit good for one lake and one night, which will include the bag limit selected by the band for that night and that lake. Quota balances are adjusted each day by subtracting the total amount of fish taken on previous nights. Size limits for tribal spearing have allowed only two walleye over 20 inches, one of which can be greater than 24 inches, to be taken under each permit. Tribal regulations can be changed by agreements between the tribes and the state. In Mille Lacs Lake, the average length of walleye harvested by tribal spearers from 1998- 2012 was 18.4 inches. Similar to netting, a ma- jority of the walleye speared have been males (91%), and a lesser percent females (6%) or un- known sex (3%). Wildlife management plan Five-year wildlife management plans provide for the harvest of bear, deer, wild turkeys, and furbearers in the 1837 cession area in Minnesota. In the first five-year span the bands agreed to manage many species on a quota basis, including bear, antlerless deer, wild turkey, fisher, bobcat, otter, and marten. However, since no harvest of any wildlife species has required adjustments on the part of the state for its harvest, the state and the bands agreed that harvest quotas were not needed. In the second five-year plan, harvest thresholds were established for furbearers and wild turkeys. Similar changes were made for deer and moose in 2010. Under the threshold system there are no tribal quotas required unless tribal harvest exceedsathresholdvalue.Iftribalharvestexceeds a threshold in one year, a tribal declaration, and thus a tribal quota, is required in the subsequent year. To date, no tribal threshold value has been exceeded. Giiwosewin—hunting. Lac du Flambeau mem- ber biskakone Johnson drags in a freshly har- vested ayaabe (buck). Waawaashkeshi-wiiyaas (deer meat) remains an important source of food for many tribal members today.