Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 6020 Treaty rights in Michigan Several GLIFWC member tribes are exer- cising treaty rights in Michigan, both in the Great Lakes and inland. Some of this exercise is under the explicit provisions of court decisions and decrees that apply within Michigan. Treaty fishing in Michigan’s Lake Superior waters The Keweenaw Bay, Red Cliff and Bad River Bands authorize treaty fishing in the 1842 Ceded Territory waters of Lake Superior in Michigan. This area includes a large portion of Lake Superior that lies off the shores of the western Upper Peninsula. In addition, Keweenaw Bay’s reservation is located on Lake Superior and encompasses a portion of the lake. The 1971 Jondreau decision affirmed Keweenaw Bay’s fishing rights in Lake Superior. Fishing in Michigan’s Lake Superior 1842 Treatywatersisgovernedbycomprehensivetribal regulations. These regulations establish harvest quotas, set fishing seasons, establish permit re- quirements, and impose biological monitoring requirements. The regulations are enforced by tribal and GLIFWC wardens into tribal courts. GLIFWC and tribal biologists conduct har- vest monitoring activities and fish population assessments.Thisdataissharedwithotherfishery managers around the Great Lakes. This allows for band/state cooperation to assess the status of the fishery resources and to set harvest quotas. The Bay Mills Indian Community fishes in the waters of the 1836 Ceded Territory under the provisions of the U.S. v. Michigan federal court decision. That decision affirmed Bay Mills’ fishing rights in the eastern part of Lake Superior and the northern parts of Lakes Huron and Michigan. The U.S. v. Michigan decision also affirmed the rights of four other tribes—the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa, the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa, the Little River Band of Ottawa and the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Ottawa—that are not members of GLIFWC. The bands’ 1836 rights on the Great Lakes are implemented under the 2000 Consent Decree, a 20-year agreement between the state and tribes that establishes a framework for the manage- ment and regulation of the fishery through the Chippewa Ottawa Resource Authority. The 1836 Treaty rights in Michigan were the subject of a long series of court cases that encompassed both the Michigan State Supreme Court and United States Federal Courts. The litigation was between the State of Michigan and five tribes including the Bay Mills Indian Community; the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians; the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians; the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians; the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians and the United States. Bucko Teeple, Bay Mills Indian Community member, harvested an omashkooz (elk) duringanoff-reservationtreatyseasoninthe 1836 Ceded Territory in Michigan’s Lower Peninsula.