Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 6023 harvests are primary responsibilities of inland fisheries staff. The Wildlife Section works with wildlife including migratory birds, furbearers, waawaashkeshi (deer) and wild plants such as manoomin (wild rice) and wiigwaas (paper birch), within the public lands and waters of the 1836, 1837, 1842 and 1854 Ceded Territories. Monitoring of off-reservation wildlife and wild plant harvests is a primary responsibility for the section. However, the Wildlife Section is also very much involved in restoration and enhancement efforts, such as wild rice reseeding and American marten management. GLIFWC has developed an effective invasive species program that incor- porates education, inventory, control, and eval- uation to manage invasive non-native plants. StudiesofunderstoryplantsintheChequamegon/ Nicolet National Forest reflect tribal interest in the sustainability of various plants traditionally used by the Ojibwe people. The Environmental Section addresses en- vironmental concerns which impact any of the resources within treaty-Ceded Territories. This section is concerned with the health and integrity of ecosystems which sustain fish, wildlife and wild rice in territories ceded by GLIFWC mem- ber tribes. In recent years, studies relating to the impact of proposed mining on treaty resources, mercury testing of walleye in speared lakes and involvement with the Lake Superior Binational Program have been major areas of effort. TheactivitiesofeachsectionoftheBiological Services Division are broken down into six strategies: Inventory/classification/monitoring— Describing the extent, nature, and status of fish, wildlife, and wild rice/wild plants of the Ceded Territories from the tribal perspective, utilizing current data from other resource agencies as available and applicable. Harvest management—Monitoring off-res- ervation harvest and effort of tribal hunters, ric- ers, and fishermen, and the biological impacts of the harvest; assisting tribes in developing per- mit systems, quotas, or other means of managing harvests. Enhancement—Investigating and implemen- ting means by which tribes and GLIFWC can ex- pand distribution and enhance the productivity of resources in the Ceded Territories. Technical assistance to tribes—Providing technical assistance and advice to tribal govern- ments regarding regulation and management of off-reservation fish, wildlife and wild plants, including technical assistance in negotiation and litigation. Coordination and Liaison—Representing GLIFWC on interagency resource manage- ment committees and performing other liaison assignments as delegated by the Board of Com- missioners. Public Information—Maintaining communi- cation with other natural resource agencies, tribal members who use treaty resources, the resource management professions, and the general public to ensure a technically proficient, well-respected resource management program. Training and Professional Conferences— Attending professional conferences and train- ing sessions to present information and to obtain information on relevant techniques and issues. John Coleman, GLIFWC environ- mental section leader, checks on water quality in a Lake Superior tributary near the Orvana Copper- wood project in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. photo by Cyrus Hester