Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 60A Guide to Understanding Ojibwe Treaty Rights Dedication To all the Ojibwe leaders, tribal members and other advocates—past and present—that help foster treaty-reserved rights, this publication is dedicated to you. Introduction The Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC) was formed in 1984 to assist its eleven member bands in the implementation and protection of their off-reservation treaty rights. One of the most formidable obstacles to achieving these goals has been public misunderstanding and ignorance of treaties, treaty rights and tribal sovereignty. Ignorance opened the doors to unfounded fears and rumors which fostered social and political pressure to abrogate the rights held by Ojibwe bands. GLIFWC provides a counterpoint to rumors and accusations through accurate, educational materials on treaties, tribal government and the regulation of treaty rights. This booklet is a corner- stone of GLIFWC’s public education efforts, and previous editions have been widely used and distrib- uted to member bands, schools, universities, and public libraries throughout the Great Lakes region. Acknowledgments Miigwech (thanks) to the many people who have contributed their time and knowledge towards the composition of this booklet. In particular, GLIFWC Executive Administrator James Zorn; GLIFWC Division of Intergovernmental Affairs Director Ann McCammon Soltis; former GLIFWC Biological Services Director Neil Kmiecik and the late GLIFWC Executive Administrator James Schlender. Written by former GLIFWC Public Information Director Sue Erickson with contributions from GLIFWC Public Information Writer/Photographer Charlie Otto Rasmussen; GLIFWC Public Information Director Dylan Jennings; design and layout by GLIFWC Public Information Assistant Director Lynn Plucinski and photos by GLIFWC staff. For more information Contact GLIFWC’s Public Information Office (PIO), P.O. Box 9, Odanah, Wisconsin 54861 or phone (715) 685-2150. This booklet can be downloaded from GLIFWC’s website at http://www.glifwc. org/publications/TreatyRightsFlipbook/index.html. © Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission, August 2016