Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 6033 APPENDIX II An historical review 1795 Treaty of Greenville Signed in Ohio, this is the first treaty agree- ment entered into with the United States by the Chippewa.* This treaty established boundaries between the United States and several Indian nations. 1819 Treaty of the Saginaw This treaty was significant to the 1836 Treaty with the Ottawa and Chippewa in that it is used to established a portion of the southern bound- ary of the 1836 Treaty area. 1821 Treaty of Chicago Significant to the 1836 Treaty with the Ottawa and Chippewa, this treaty, in conjunction with the 1819 Treaty of the Saginaw, is used to established the southern boundary of the Ceded Territory in the 1836 Treaty with the Ottawa and Chippewa. 1825 Treaty of Prairie du Chien Representatives of various tribes were called together to delineate their land holdings for the U.S. government. The United States was encour- aging them to stop intertribal warring at the time and felt delineation of boundaries would help. This treaty established a portion of the bound- aries used in subsequent treaties. However, due to the disbursement of the Chippewa nation, the Chippewa leaders present at Prairie du Chien requested that United States government hold a council at some part of Lake Superior to discuss and explain the 1825 Treaty of Prarie du Chien to the Chippewa nation. 1826 Treaty with the Chippewa Signed at Fond du Lac, this treaty is the re- sult of the stipulation of the Chippewa leaders at the 1825 Treaty of Prairie du Chien, calling for a council of the United States government and the Chippewa nation to explain the 1825 Treaty. In the 1826 Treaty the Chippewa do agree with the stipulations set forth and the boundaries of the Chippewa nation as established in the 1825 Treaty of Prairie du Chien. 1827 Treaty with the Chippewa This treaty, signed at Butte des Morts on the Fox River in the Territory of Michigan, estab- lished the border between the Menominee and the Chippewa. This treaty was referred to in the 1837 and 1842 Treaties setting portions of the boundaries ceded in the later treaties. 1836 Treaty with the Ottawa and Chippewa Signed in Washington D.C., this treaty ceded large portions of what is now northern Michigan and the eastern portion of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula to the United States. The tribes, how- ever, stipulated “for the right of hunting on the lands ceded, with other usual privileges of occu- pancy, until the land is required for settlement.” 1837 Treaty with the Chippewa Signed at St. Peters, this was the first of several cession treaties which sold large tracts of land in north central and eastern Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin. Although land was ceded, the Chippewa retained their right to hunt, fish and gather on Ceded Territories. 1837 Michigan gains statehood 1842 Treaty with the Chippewa Signed at LaPointe, this treaty ceded further lands in northern Wisconsin and in the western part of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. With terms comparable to those in the 1837 Treaty, the tribes received payments to traders and half-bloods as well as a 25-year annuity schedule, to be divi- ded between the Mississippi and Lake Superior Chippewa. The Chippewa leaders specifically re- tained the right to hunt and fish on the Ceded Territory. *In the treaty era Ojibwe were commonly referred to as Chippewa.