Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 6039 by the Fond du Lac Band were the same as the Mille Lacs 1837 Treaty right. However, he did not rule on the nature and scope of the 1854 Treaty right at that time. March 29, 1996 Rights of six Wisconsin bands affirmed. Judge Michael Davis ruled that the six Wisconsin Ojibwe bands’ 1837 Treaty rights in Minnesota were already recognized in the LCO case; that they extend to the Minnesota portion of the Ceded Territory; and that they are the same rights as affirmed for the Mille Lacs Band in 1994. June 11, 1996 Mille Lacs/Fond du Lac 1837 Treaty cases joined. In the summer of 1996 the Mille Lacs 1837 Treaty case and the Fond du Lac 1837 Treaty case were joined to be heard as one case. However, Fond du Lac’s 1854 Treaty case was kept separate. January 29, 1997 Ruling ends trial phase of 1837 Treaty case. Judge Michael Davis of the U.S. District Court of Minnesota ended the trial portion of two 1837 Treaty rights cases pursued by eight Chippewa bands by issuing a ruling which pro- vided for the exercise of a treaty harvest. The scope and regulation of the treaty harvest were defined in court-accepted stipulations. Because issues regarding scope and regulation were re- solved through stipulations which defined them, those issues were not included in the final deci- sion and therefore cannot be appealed. April 9, 1997 Appellate court agrees to hear appeal, suspends exercise of treaty right. The State of Minnesota petitioned for an appeal hearing of the District Court rulings. The petition was accepted by the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals and arguments were scheduled to be heard by a three judge panel. The Court suspended the exercise of all treaty harvest in the Minnesota 1837 Treaty Ceded Territory until the appeal had been heard. However, the Court later issued another order allowing for a ceremonial harvest of 2,000 pounds of fish by the Mille Lacs Band only. August 26, 1997 Appellate court upholds District Court decision. A three judge panel of the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the ruling of the fed- eral district court which affirmed the 1837 Treaty rights of the Chippewa. On October 27, 1997, the appellate court lifted its suspension on the ex- ercise of the rights and on November 17, 1997 denied a petition that the case be reheard by all Eighth Circuit judges. February 16, 1998 Minnesota petitions the U.S. Supreme Court to hear an appeal. The U.S. Supreme Court agreed to consider three issues in an appeal relating to the 1855 Treaty, the 1850 Removal Order, and the impact of Minnesota’s statehood on the treaty rights. March 24, 1999 The U.S. Supreme Court Rules in favor of the bands. The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed treaty hunting, fishing and gathering rights in the Minnesota 1837 Ceded Territory. This decision, entitled Minnesota v. Mille Lacs Band, served to end all debate, begun over twenty years ago when the LCO case was filed in 1974, that the Bands’ treaty rights exist. The Court ruled in favor of the Bands on all three issues, finding that the 1850 Removal Order did not terminate the rights; that Minnesota’s statehood in 1858 did not terminate the treaty rights; and that the 1855 Treaty with Mille Lacs did not terminate the Bands’ treaty rights.