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PAGE1MAZINAx19IGANWINTER20122013OdanahWis.x14LakeSuperiorisoneofourgreatestnaturalresources.Thelakex19suniqueecosystemsetsitapartamongtheGreatLakes.Recognizingthattoxicchemi-calsrepresentathreattotheGreatLakestheInternationalJointCommissionIJCwhichregulateswaterssharedbytheU.S.andCanadachallengedthegovernmentsofthesetwocountriestovirtuallyeliminatethereleaseofchemicalsofconcernintothesewatersstartingwithLakeSuperior.TherallyingcryofthecitizenswhooriginallybroughtthischallengetotheIJCin1989wasx1cIfnotLakeSuperiorwhereIfnotnowwhenx1dThegovernmentsacceptedthechal-lengeandin1991createdaZeroDischargeDemonstrationProgramZDDPforninetoxicpollutantsfromsourceswithintheLakeSuperiorbasin.TheZDDPlaidoutascheduletoachievezeroemissionsby2020.Thesex1cTheNastyNinex1dincludemer-curydioxinPCBsandcertainpesticides.EveryfiveyearstheLakeSuperiorWorkGroupx19sChemicalCommitteereleasestheCriticalChemicalReductionsMilestonesreportwhichreviewstheprogressoftheZDDP.ThelatestreportwasreleasedinOctober2012.Althoughtheemissionsofsomechemicalsaredifficulttotrackthereportindicatesthatwehavebeenlargelysuccess-fulinmeetingthe2010goalsoftheZDDP.Forexamplemercuryemissionsinthebasinhavebeenreducedby80since1990.Thelargestremainingsourceofmercuryemis-sionswithinthebasinisminingandmetalsproductionfollowedbycoal-firedpowerplants.Continuedorincreasedmercuryemissionsfromthesesectorscouldmakeitimpossibletoreachthegoalofzeroemis-sionsby2020.Inadditiontoreportingonemissionsofx1cTheNastyNinex1dandprogresstowardtheZDDPtheCriticalChemicalReductionsMilestonesreportalsolooksatthecurrentlevelsandtrendsofthesecontaminantsinairwaterfishandwildlife.IngeneralthesepollutantshavedeclinedintheLakeSuperiorecosystemoverthepast30yearsinresponsetoloweremissionsalthoughthereareexceptions.Thereportalsohighlightseffortsundertakenbythetribesstatesprovincesandfederalgovernmentstohelpeliminatechemicalreleasestotheenvironment.Despitetheimpressivereductionsinemissionsofthesetoxicchemicalsfromwithinthebasinmanychallengesremain.Asweapproach2020thevirtualeliminationyearitwillbecomemoreandmoredifficulttoreduceemissionswithfewersourceslefttotargetforreductions.EvenifvirtualeliminationisachievedthesecontaminantswillcontinuetobetransportedbyairandwaterintotheLakeSuperiorbasinfromoutsidesources.Inadditionevenaswemakeprogresstowardreducingemissionsandremovingtheselongusedchemicalsfromtheenvironmenttherearenewchemicalsofemergingconcernbeingemitted.ManyOdanahWis.x14Theregionx19sfirstcontemporarystatewolfhuntsareinfullswinginbothMinnesotaandWisconsinwithmediatallyingtherisingkillnum-bersdailybutmanytribeshaveassertedtheirsovereigntyinacknowledgmentandaffirmationoftheirwell-establishedrelationshipwithmax19iinganwolf.TribalconcernaboutthehuntsinMinnesotaandWisconsinstemfrombiologicalmanagementissuesandfromadeeplyfeltconnectiontomax19iinganabrothertotheAnishinaabepeople.TribesquestionedtheunilateraldecisiontoholdthesewolfhuntsactionstakenbybothMinnesotaandWisconsinwithnotribalconsultationonthematter.Asco-managersofthenaturalresourcesinthecededterritorieswheremostofthewolfpopulationresidestribesex-pectedtohaveinputintosuchimportantresourcemanagementdecisions.InWisconsinthestatesetatotalharvestfiguretobe201wolves.Thecur-rentstateharvestschemewillreducethepopulationtoalevelthetribesconsiderecologicallyunsoundculturallyinap-propriateandpotentiallyunsustainable.Thetribesx19goalisforallsuitablewolfhabitattobefullyoccupiedandforthepopulationtobeatorabovecurrentlevelsthusenablingwolvestoperformtheirappropriateecologicalandculturalfunctions.Thedifferenceintribalandstatemanagementgoalsmakesitvirtuallyimpossibletoreachconsensusonhar-vestablesurplusanessentialfirststepindeterminingquotasandissuingdec-larations.AsaresultthetribesclaimedeverywolfintheWisconsincededterri-toryconsistentwiththeirtreatyreservedrighttohavewolvesonthelandscapeasnecessarytoeffectuatethetribesx19rightsandgoalsformax19iingan.Inrecognitionthatthestatedoesnothaveunfettereddiscretiontoexer-ciseitsmanagementprerogativestothedetrimentofthetribesx19treatyreservedrightsthestateloweredtheharvestlimitto116wolvesavailabletostate-licensedwolfhuntersallocating85wolvestothetribes.Thismeansthepopulationwillbereducedbyaboutone-eighthratherthanbyone-quarterasoriginallyintendedinthedevelopmentofthe2012season.DespitethereductioninnumberstobeharvestedinWisconsinmanybelievetheimpositionofahuntsosoonafterdelistingisunwiseandhastyadvocatingformorelong-termcooperativeplanningonthemanagementofmax19iingan.WithwolfmortalityfrompoachersroadkillsSeeReducedpage16ReporthighlightsreducedtoxicemissionsinLakeSuperiorbasinPublishedbytheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionWinter20122013Tribesassertsovereigntyafx15rmrelationshipwithmax19iinganSeeThebrotherhoodpage2BySaraMosesGLIFWCEnvironmentalBiologistFreshlyoffthefederalendangeredspecieslistmax19iinganhasnowbecomethetargetofhuntersinMinnesotaandWisconsin.Howevertribeshaveclosedreservationstothesehuntsandobjectedtotheirunilateralenactment.CORBySueEricksonJasonKekekStarkAlthoughtherehavebeenreductionsinemissionsofsometoxicchemicalsintheLakeSuperiorbasinmanychallengesstillremainforGichigami.LP