Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12MAZINA’IGAN PAGE 6 • WINTER Winter camp brings ne Camps held in Sokaogon Mole Lake Ishpaagoonikaa, Sokaogon Mole Lake The Anishinaabe people originally ice fished using what was called a belly tent. To make a belly tent, a hole is cut through the ice, and a stick-framed, teepee-like structure is built and placed over the hole. Balsam boughs are laid all around the structure, and canvas or blankets are wrapped around it and over it. Two people crawl under the blankets, lay on their bellies, and peer into the hole, jigging decoys until the fish come. The interior of the belly tent is so dark that “it looks like the sun is shining from underneath,” says Lac du Flambeau elder and harvester Sue Johnson. The sun shone from both beneath the ice and above on February 17-19, as youth from all over the Ceded Territory gathered in 50-degree temperatures for Ish- paagoonikaa (Deep Snow Camp) at the Sokaogon Mole Lake Reservation. Over the course of the weekend, youth attended sessions ranging from ice fishing to trapping to storytelling. Nolan Thorbahn, 13, from Mole Lake said he felt proud to have the camp in his community. “I liked it. It gave us a chance to share our culture, our fish- ing, our trapping,” he said. And share they did. On Saturday, youth spent a full day on the lakes. At Mole Lake, they speared through the ice using both traditional and modern equipment, as well as set traditional and modern tip-ups. Fresh fish were filleted, cooked, and eaten right on the ice. Josh White, 14, from LCO learned some new tips and tricks from the harvesters leading the ice fishing session. “I didn’t know they put beans in the water so they could tell where the bottom of the fishing hole was. I also learned how to fillet a northern [pike]!” he said. On Oak Lake, youth learned how to set and fish a gill net under the ice, something very few of them had done before. After a long day outdoors, everyone settled in for special guests Fred and Mike Tribble, who recounted an important personal story, a story that led to the 1983 Lac Courte Oreilles v. the State of Wisconsin decision in which inland hunting, fishing and gathering rights were affirmed for six Ojibwe bands in Wisconsin. Tribal leaders Chris McGeshick and Wayne LaBine (Mole Lake), Marvin Defoe (Red Cliff), and John Johnson, Sr. (Lac du Flambeau) also shared their harvesting experi- ences, including memories from the hardships of the protest era that fol- lowed the court decision. Bundled up insleepingbags,youthlistenedintently, visually impacted by the stories that were shared. “It made me sad that our elders weretreatedthatway,”saidJoshWhite. “Our treaties were dishonored. It was cool that the Tribble brothers helped us get our rights renewed.” Sam Bisonette, 11, from LCO, agreed. “They had to be extremely brave to walk by people that were yell- ing at them (at the landings). It made me think of how strong we are.” AccordingtotheTribblebrothers, theirstrengthinstandingupforOjibwe treaty rights came from the knowledge theyacquiredthroughhighereducation. Specifically, they cited their studies in Larry Leventhal’s American Indian Law course at the College of St. Scho- lastica as what led them into action. “Higher education is important!” both brothers stressed. Mole Lake Tribal Chairman Chris McGeshick echoed these sentiments in his words to the youth. “Education drives us forward,” he said. “And we need YOU to read the treaties, to understand the treaties, and to step into leadership roles within your communities.” By Paula Maday and Dylan Jennings, Staff Writers Campers, harvesters, elders, and organizers of Ishpaagoonikaa 2017 in Mole Lake. (PM) Three youth pull a gill net from beneath the ice at Oak Lake. (Paula Maday photo) A look inside a traditional belly tent used by the Anishinaabe for ice fishing. (PM) Garrett Ackley, 15, of Mole Lake shows Rion Fountaine, 9, of Baraga, some of his trapping equipment and furs. Ackley has been trapping for two years. (PM) Ogichidaag Mike and Fred Tribble of LCO spent some time sharing their harvesting stories with youth at winter camp. (PM)