PAGE 23 MAZINA’IGAN WINTER 2018-2019 • 2018 POSTER/ENFORCEMENT • sell sheet.indd 1 8/9/18 3:03 PM GLIFWC’s2018poster,Mazinibaganji- gan, is the art of making pictures or patterns on birch bark using careful bites of the teeth. The best bark for doing this is harvested in the spring and peeled apart into thin layers. One of the layers is folded—usually two or three, but sometimes up to 16 times—so that it can fit in the mouth. The artist then bites delicately to create a design that has been visualized in the mind. The eyetooth is the primary tooth used to create imprints. This seems appropriate since the tooth has to “see” the image while it’sbeingcreated.Artistswhohavedeveloped their skill can complete a birch bark biting in one sitting and without looking at their progress. Some birch bark biters use different teeth to create different effects. One tooth might be used to make lines, while others are used for detailing. Varying the intensity of the bite is another way artists make their creations unique. Birchbarkbitingisapre-contactOjibwe art form. In an oral history story shared by birchbark biter Awanigiizhik (Roderick) Bruce of the Turtle Mountain Ojibwe, he says he was told that birch bark biting was taught by the babies. “Small teething toys were made of paper birch and were filled with maple sugar. If the baby was sick, other medicines were added. When the babies would bite the toys, small indenta- tions from their developing teeth were imparted onto the birch bark surface. The parents saw this and the art of birch bark biting was born.” Bitings may have been used to create hunting and fishing maps, or to pass on cultural and ceremonial knowledge between generations. Bruce says that bitings were used as designs for quillwork, where the bitings were laid on top of birch bark or leather and then embroidered using quills. It may have been used similarly as patterns for beadwork. As birch trees struggle with the onset of unfavorable environmentalfactors,thebarkofourancestorsisstillbeing bitten today. This ancient art form, a sheer glimmer of past generations, sending beauty forward. Bruce was taught the practice and oral history of birch barkbitingbyDeniseLajimodiere,TurtleMountainOjibwe. The biting depicted on the poster was created in Lac Courte Oreillesonandtookapproximately10minutestofinish.The Ojibwe words on the bottom left translate to “I am eagle. For a free copy of the poster call GLIFWC at 715.682.6619 or email lynn@glifwc.org. Additional cop- ies can be ordered through our website at: www.glifwc.org/ publications/#Posters Limited quantities of older posters are also available. GLIFWC’s 2018 poster Poster image photographed by Melissa Rasmussen, GLIFWC. ©August 2018 GLIFWC Enforcement youth outreach GLIFWC’s Conservation Enforcement Division offers a wide array of safety courses and outreach programs for youth and adults. From archery courses to hunter education, conservation officers located in communities throughout the Ceded Territory do their best to make sure everyone is safe while exercising treaty rights. Recently, Western District Wardens Lauren Tuori and Brad Kacizak instructed a youth archery event at LCO School, where approximately 100 students learned the basics of safety and shooting techniques for archery and bow hunting (left). Kacizak also joined Eastern District Warden Steven Amsler for Canoomin—a course that teaches canoe and water safety for manoomin (wild rice) harvesters (above). For upcoming safety courses and events being offered, please like and follow the GLIFWC Facebook page for additional opportunities and announcements. (submitted photos)